The Prospects for SolidBiomass Certification forSustainability2nd Biomass for Heat and Power 2010Brussels, Belgium
Index Sustainability of bioenergy and solid biomass: the current context; Recent initiatives in certification of bioenergy, and specifically solid biomass; Overcoming the challenges; Implications for trade; Recommendations and conclusions.
Why bioenergy? Tackle climate change and reducing GHG emissions; Energy security (less dependence) Rural development and development of the agricultural sector; Employment generation
Sustainability of bioenergyBioenergy – especially 1st generation biofuels – has beenheavily criticized last years. Critics on sustainability problems include: GHG balances not OK Endless subsidies needed Land and water constrain bioenergy to marginal levels; Increased food prices are not good for farmers
Sustainability of solid biomass: Current situation (1) Biomass = 5% of total final energy consumption; Less than 5% solid/ gaseous biomass is imported to EU (for electricity, heating and cooling). Many small sized energy-producers in the EU(~48,000 above 1MW) EU forestry and agriculture and waste management subject to environmental rules at national / EU level and voluntary schemes; Solid biomass / biogas: High GHG savings;
Sustainability of solid biomass: Current situation (2) Solid biomass and pellets are increasingly traded and imported to EU; Imported solid biomass from outside the EU might show significant sustainability issues: (Central Africa, Brazil, Indonesia, ...) and contribute to deforestation; Solid biomass as feedstock for heat and power may originate soon from the same feedstock as the biofuel, considering the expected development and deployment of 2nd generation biofuels.
How can sustainability of bioenergy beguaranteed OR promoted?Various approaches are possible: Voluntary (Combined Regulations certification with) policy systems * National Market parties NGOs Government International
European Commission (1):Report COM (2010)11: No binding EU scheme: o Production: Existing EU legislation + low imports; o GHG: normally high savings; o Efficiency: for all energy resources Cost of meeting sustainability criteria can be high; National schemes can be developed but with international market and renewable energy targets in mind; Commission recommendations for criteria
European Commission (2):Report recommended criteria:No criteria for wastes and criteria to apply to 1MW+ plants Common GHG methodology; Minimum requirement for GHG saving, relative to fossil fuel of at least 35%, 50% in 2017 (60% for new installations); No conversion of highly biodiverse and high carbon stock land; ‘Cross-compliance’ rules in the EU’s common agricultural policy to apply; Member states to support efficient uses of biomass.
European Commission (3):Next steps: Some MS will develop national schemes – Commission encourages harmonious development; Study on developments of national schemes impacts on internal market; Commission evaluation to see national policies and measures for biomass promotion; Commission will review in 2011 whether further measures are needed to ensure sustainability.
EU Survey questionnaire indicates for trade: A biomass and bioenergy certification system will contribute to….. te d o ne xp e c n dents er respo rade tie s und cts on t U nc ertain impa* Based on 288 responses from 25 European countries and 9 non-European countries, EUBIONET III project
Conclusions and recommendations (1):Where are we now: Limited developments certification solid biomass compared to initiatives for biofuels; Current sustainability initiatives for solid biomass mainly developed in European region; Opinions on need (obligatory) system in Europe for solid biomass are divided; This leads to uncertainties in the market and an un- even level playing field….
Conclusions and recommendations (2):Recommendations Given developments in trade and technologies of solid biomass, the need to guarantee its sustainability is expected to increase; To be ahead of critics and negative publicity, it can be recommended to prepare in time a reliable and efficient system for solid biomass.. …. also given the methodological challenges to be resolved (see experiences from biofuels); Addressing unwanted sustainability impacts requires first of all sustainable land use production and good governance, regardless of the end-use of the product.
Thank you for your attention? Questions?Jinke van Dam ConsultancyAssociate from SQ ConsultE: email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.orgSkype: jinkevandamMore information on: www.jvdconsultancy.com or www.sqconsult.com