On time /in time
• On time – punctual, not late. If something
happens on time, it happens at the time which
– The 11.45 train left on time.(it left at 11.45)
– We’ll meet at 7.30.Please be on time. (don’t be
late ,be there at 7.30)
– The conference was very well organized
.Everything began and finished on time.
• The opposite of on time is late:
In time (for something /to do
– Will you be home in time for dinner?(soon
enough for dinner)
– I’ve sent Jill her birthday present. I hope it arrives
in time (for her birthday)-(soon enough for her
– I must hurry. I want to get home in time to see the
football match on television.
• The opposite of in time is too late.
– I got home too late to see the football match.
Just in time(almost too late)
• We got to the station just in time to catch the
• A child ran across the road in front of the car
,but I managed to stop just in time.
At the end/in the end
• At the end-at the time when something ends.
• At the end of January
• At the end of the film
• At the end of the course
• At the end of the match
• At the end of the concert.
– I’m going away at the end of January/at the end
of the month.
– At the end of the concert, there was great
– All the players shook hands at the end of the
• You can’t say “in the end of something". So
you cannot say” in the end of January” or “in
the end of the concert”
• The opposite of at the end is at the beginning.
– At the beginning of January
– At the beginning of the concert.
In the end-finally
• We use in the end when we say what the final
result of a situation was:
– We had a lot of problems with our car. In the end we
sold it and bought another one.(finally we sold it).
– He got more and more angry . In the end he just
walked out of the room.
– Jim couldn’t decide where to go for his holidays. He
didn’t go anywhere in the end.
• The opposite of in the end is usually at first:
– At first we didn’t like each other very much, but in the
end we became good friends.
Complete the sentences with on time
or in time
• The bus was late this morning but it’s usually ……on time….
• The film was supposed to start at 8.30 but it didn’t begin…….on
• I like to get up ……in time. to have a big breakfast before going
• We want to start the meeting …on time….,so please don’t be late.
• I’ve just washed this shirt. I want to wear it this evening, so I hope
it will be dry ……in time…..
• The train service is not very good. The trains are rarely …on
• I nearly missed my flight this morning. I got to the airport just ….
in time ……
• Why are you never … on time ……...?You always keep everybody
Read the situations and make
sentences using just in time.
• You were walking home without an umbrella. Just after
you got home, it started to rain very
heavily.(get/home)…I got home just in time… …..…
• Tim was going to sit on the chair you had just painted
.’don’t sit in that chair!', so he didn’t .(stop/him) I ……..
Stopped him just in time….
• You went to the cinema .you were a bit late and you
thought you would miss the beginning of the film. But
the film began just as you sat down in the
cinema.(get/cinema/beginning of the film)…I got to the
cinema just in time for the beginning of the film…..
Complete the sentences using at the
end+one of the following
• All the players shook hands……at the end of the
• I normally get paid …..at the end of the month
• The students had a party…at the end of the
• Two of the runners collapsed…at the end of the
• To my surprise I was offered the job….at end of
Write sentences with In the end. Use
the verb in brackets.
• We had a lot of problems with our car.(sell)…in
the end I sold the car…..
• Judy got more & more fed up with her
job.(resign)…in the end she resigned….
• I tried to learn German but I found it too
difficult.(give up) in the end I gave up
• We couldn’t decide whether to go to the party
or not.(not/go) in the end we didn’t go.
Put in at or in
• I’m going away …at .the end of the month.
• It took me a long time to find a job…in…..the end I got a job in a
• Are you going away …at.. the beginning of August or …at…..the
• I couldn’t decide what to buy Mary for her birthday. I didn’t buy
her anything…in…… the end.
• We waited ages for a taxi. We gave up …in..the end and walked
• I’ll be moving to a new address at…. the end of September.
• At first Helen didn’t want to go to the theatre but she came
with us …in.. the end.
• I ‘m going away …at… the end of week.
• ‘I didn’t know what to do ‘.’Yes ,you were in difficult position.
What did you do …in… the end?
In /at /on(place)
In a room In a garden
In a building In a town/city
In a box In a country
There’s no one in the room/in the building/in the garden.
What have you got in your hand/in your mouth?
When we were in Italy, We spent a few days in Venice.
I have a friend who lives in a small village in the mountains.
Look at those people swimming in the pool/in the sea/in the river.
• We say that somebody/something is ;
– in a line /in a row/in a queue/in a street.
– in a photograph/in a picture/(look at yourself) in a
– in the sky/in the world.
– in a book/in a newspaper/in a magazine/in a
letter(but “on a page”)
• When I go to the cinema , I prefer to sit in the
• I live in King Street. Sarah lives in Queen
• Who is the woman in that photograph?
• Have you seen this article in the newspaper?
• It was a lovely day .There wasn’t a cloud in the
• We say that somebody is in bed/in hospital/in
– Mark isn't up yet. He's still in bed.
– Key’s mother is in hospital.
Expressions with in
• In the rain/in the sun/in the shade/in the dark/in
bad weather etc.
– We sat in the shade. It was too hot to sit in the sun.
– Don’t go out in the rain. Wait until it stops.
• (write )in pencil/in ink.
– When you do the exam, you are not allowed to write
• Also: in words, in figures, in Block letters.
– Please fill in the form in block letters.
• Pay in cash
– I paid the bill in cash.
• (be/fall) in love(with somebody)
– Have you ever been in love with somebody?
• In (my) opinion
– In my opinion ,the film was not very good.
– At 5 o’clock They arrived at 5 o’clock.
– At 11.45
– At midnight
– At lunchtime
– At sunset
– On Friday/on Fridays They arrived on Friday.
– On 12 March 1991
– On Christmas Day
– On my birthday
– In October They arrived in October./They arrived in 1968
– In(the )winter
– In 1968
– In the 1970s
– In the 18th century
– In the middle ages
– In the past
– In (the)future
•In the morning /in the afternoon/in the evening
• I’ll see you in the morning?
• Do you work in the evening?
• On Friday morning(s)/on Sunday afternoon(s)/on
• I’ll be at home on Friday morning.
• Do you usually go out on Saturday evenings?
• We do not use at/on /in before last/next/this
– I’ll see you next week.
– They got married last month.
• In a few minutes /in six months
– The train will be leaving in a few minutes.(a few
minutes from now)
– Jack has gone away. He’ll be back in a week(a week
– She’ll be here in a moment.(moment from now)
• We can also say’ in six months’ time.(or …. In six
– They are getting married in six months’ time.(or ….
in six months.)
• We also use in ..to say how long it takes to do
– I learnt to drive in a four weeks(it took me four weeks
• at the bus stop.
• at the door.
• at the window.
• at the top(of the page).
• at the bottom(of the page).
• at the end of the street.
• Who is that man standing at the bus stop/at the
door/at the window?
• Turn left at the traffic lights/at the church/at the
• Write your name at the top/at the bottom of the
• Angela’s house is the white one at the end of the
• When you leave the hotel ,please leave your key
at the reception.
• We say that somebody is at home/at work/at
school/at university/at college.
– I’ll be at work until 5.30 but I’ll be at home all
– Juliya is studying chemistry at university.
At a party/at a concert etc.
• We say that somebody is at an event(at a
party/at a conference etc.)
– Were there many people at the party/at the
– I saw Jack at a football match/at a concert last
At the age of ….etc
• We say at the age of …/at the speed of…/at a
temperature of ….etc.for example
– Jill left school at the age of 16.
– The train was travelling at a speed of 120 miles an
– Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
• There were a lot of people in the shop.
• Go along this road ,then turn left at the
shop.(somebody giving directions)
• The corner
– We say ‘in the corner of a room', but at the
corner (or on the corner)of a street;
The television is in the corner of the room.
There is a public telephone at/on the corner of
The front and the back
• We say in the front /in the back of a car.
o I was sitting in the back (of the car) when we
• at the front/at the back of a building
/cinema/group of people etc…
o The garden is at the back of the house.
o Let’s sit at the front (of the cinema).(but ‘in the
o I was standing at the back, so I couldn’t see very
In and at for buildings
• You can often use in or at with buildings, you can
eat in a restaurant or at a restaurant .
• We usually say at when we say where an event
takes place(for example, a concert, a film, a party,
a meeting, a sports event);
– We went to a concert at the Royal Festival Hall.
– The meeting took place at the company’s
– The film I want to see is showing at the
• We say at the station /at the airport;
– Don’t meet me at the station . I can get a taxi.
• We say at somebody’s house;
– I was at Judy’s house last night.
• We use in when we are thinking about the
– The rooms in Judy’s house are very small.
– I enjoyed the film but it was very cold in the
In & at for towns
• We normally use in with cities, towns and
– Tom’s parents live in Nugegoda.
– The louver is a famous art museum in Paris .
• But you can use at or in when you think of the
place as a point or station on a journey:
• Do you know if this train stops at(or in) Nugegoda.
• We stopped at(or in) a small village on the way to
• On the ceiling
• On the wall
• On the door
• On the table
• On the floor
• On a page
• On an island
• I sat on the floor/on the ground/on the
grass/on a chair /on the beach.
• There’s a dirty mark on the wall/on the
ceiling/on your nose/on your shirt.
• Have you seen the notice on the notice
board/on the door?
• You’ll find details of TV programmes on page
• On the left/on the right.
• On the ground floor/on the first floor/on the
second floor etc..
• On a map/on the menu(in a restaurant)/on a
– In Britain we drive on the left(on the left hand
– Our flat is on the second floor of the building.
– Here’s a shopping list. Don't buy anything that is
not on the list.
We say that a place is on a river/on a road/on
London is on the river Thames.
We say that a place is on the way to another
We stopped at a small village on the way to
On a bus/in a car etc.
• We usually say on a bus/on a train/on a
plain/on a ship BUT in a car/in a taxi.
– The bus was very full. There were too many
people on it.
– Ann arrived in a taxi.
• The evening about 20 minutes
• Christmas the moment
• 21 July 1969 the middle ages
• 11 seconds
• The same time night
Columbus made his first voyage from Europe to
America in 1492.
In Britain most people do not work………
If the sky is clear, you can see the stars……..
After working hard during the day , I like to
The first man walked on the moon….
It is difficult to listen if everyone is speaking……
• I’m just going out o the shop . I’ll be back…..
• (on the phone)”Can I speak to Clare ? I’m
afraid she’s not here…..
• In Britain people send each other cards…..
• Many Europe's great cathedrals were built……
• Bob is a very fast runner. He can run 100
• She’s standing ……a queue.
• Her flat is ….. second floor.
• Where’s the woman
• Put in ,at or in where necessary.
• I’ll see you …. Friday
• I’ll see you …… next Friday.
• What are you doing….Saturday?
• What are you doing……. The weekend.
• They often go out….the evenings.
• They often go out ……Sunday evenings.
• Do you work on Wednesdays?
• Do you work ……every Wednesdays?
• We usually have a holiday …. . The summer.
• We often have a short holiday ……Christmas .
• Paul got married ……1991.
• Paul got married …..18 May 1991.
• Chris is getting married…… this year.
• Hurry up! we have to go ……. Few minutes.
• I’m busy just now but I’ll be with you….. A moment.
• Jenny's brother is an Engineer but he’s out of the work …… the
• …….Saturday night I went to bed …… 11 o’clock.
• I don’t like travelling …… night.
• We travelled overnight to Paris and arrived ….. 5 o’clock ……. Morning.
• The course begins ……. 7th January and ends sometime…….. April.
• I might not be at home ……Tuesday morning but I’ll probably be there
……. The afternoon.
• My car is being repaired at the garage. It will be ready…… two hours.
• Mary & Henry always go out for a meal ….. Their wedding anniversary.
• There are usually a lot of parties………….. New year’s Eve.