Ch 8; p. 160 164 Introduction Types

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Ch 8; p. 160 164 Introduction Types

  1. 1. Introduction Types p. 160-164
  2. 2. Determine your Intros
  3. 3. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce
  4. 4. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids
  5. 5. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed)
  6. 6. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed) • Persuasive speeches - use several stats, expert testimony, & illustrations
  7. 7. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed) • Persuasive speeches - use several stats, expert testimony, & illustrations • Far off topics need concrete examples, definitions, & visuals for clearer understanding
  8. 8. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed) • Persuasive speeches - use several stats, expert testimony, & illustrations • Far off topics need concrete examples, definitions, & visuals for clearer understanding
  9. 9. Types of Support
  10. 10. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education
  11. 11. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact
  12. 12. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts
  13. 13. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true
  14. 14. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true • Indisputable evidence
  15. 15. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true • Indisputable evidence
  16. 16. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true • Indisputable evidence
  17. 17. More Types of Support
  18. 18. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats)
  19. 19. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship
  20. 20. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell.
  21. 21. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources
  22. 22. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources • Avoid over-saturation of statistics - Brain overload
  23. 23. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources • Avoid over-saturation of statistics - Brain overload • Round off statistics (eg: 95.3954% students fail to understand statistical information)
  24. 24. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources • Avoid over-saturation of statistics - Brain overload • Round off statistics (eg: 95.3954% students fail to understand statistical information)
  25. 25. Reference to Topic/Occasion
  26. 26. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation
  27. 27. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience
  28. 28. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude
  29. 29. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude
  30. 30. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience
  31. 31. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption
  32. 32. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption • Offend listeners
  33. 33. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption • Offend listeners • Reference to occasion brings all to common ground
  34. 34. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption • Offend listeners • Reference to occasion brings all to common ground
  35. 35. Relevant Quotation
  36. 36. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech.
  37. 37. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech. • Helps to vividly illustrate speaker’s point
  38. 38. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech. • Helps to vividly illustrate speaker’s point
  39. 39. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech. • Helps to vividly illustrate speaker’s point Wedding dress quotation, p. 160
  40. 40. Illustration
  41. 41. Illustration • Detailed verbal example
  42. 42. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes
  43. 43. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
  44. 44. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
  45. 45. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
  46. 46. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
  47. 47. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go • Descriptions are recognized & agreeable
  48. 48. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go • Descriptions are recognized & agreeable • The pictures illustrate visual examples to audience
  49. 49. Personal Reference
  50. 50. Personal Reference
  51. 51. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament.
  52. 52. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication.
  53. 53. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication.
  54. 54. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication. Irish Parliament
  55. 55. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication. Irish Parliament
  56. 56. Humorous Story
  57. 57. Humorous Story
  58. 58. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001.
  59. 59. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001. • When Americans turn 50 years old, AARP sends invitations to join this organization.
  60. 60. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001. • When Americans turn 50 years old, AARP sends invitations to join this organization. • Incorporating humor about growing old relaxed his audience but humor related to his message.
  61. 61. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001. • When Americans turn 50 years old, AARP sends invitations to join this organization. • Incorporating humor about growing old relaxed his audience but humor related to his message. • No offensive jokes, mocking others, or sarcastic that could turn audience against the speaker.
  62. 62. Startling Statement Capture the attention of your audience. Astounding statistics arouse curiosity and establish topic importance. • 9 out of 10 tobacco users start before theyʼre 18 years old. • Teens want to look good no matter what: nearly three- quarters are spending the same or more this year on either cosmetics (70%), clothing (72%), hair products (71%) or skin care (74%).
  63. 63. Rhetorical Question • When your someone tells you some obvious info, ever respond, “Do you think I’m stupid?” • No answer is expected or warranted • Purpose: Gets a person to THINK!
  64. 64. Visual Aid • A picture says a thousand words • Needs to be large enough for the audience to easily view Recycling can be a beautiful thing Mississippi Flood Black Rat Snake Damage
  65. 65. Visual Aids & Tips
  66. 66. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say
  67. 67. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position
  68. 68. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best
  69. 69. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see
  70. 70. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see • Colorful: Draw attention & give info
  71. 71. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see • Colorful: Draw attention & give info • Make your point - nice visuals without purpose = useless
  72. 72. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see • Colorful: Draw attention & give info • Make your point - nice visuals without purpose = useless Don’t pass around during your talk

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