Ch 10 p 211 216


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  • #3 If the cougher remains in the room, you may need to speak louder or a more animated delivery.
  • Refer to Page 215, Chart describing Posters, Charts & Graphics, Diagrams, Photos, & Models, Maps.
  • Ch 10 p 211 216

    1. 1. Delivery Methods Ch. 10; p. 211-216
    2. 2. Delivery <ul><li>On stage to your audience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How you move </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How you speak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How you present your message </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. 4 Methods of Delivery Used in Public Speaking <ul><li>Manuscript Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Memorized Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Extemporaneous Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Impromptu Speaking </li></ul>
    4. 4. Manuscript Speaking <ul><li>Read from a printed page </li></ul><ul><li>Used with rigid time limits </li></ul><ul><li>Exact wording – essential </li></ul><ul><li>When delivering someone else’s speech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs to be exact quoting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lacks vitality & spontaneity </li></ul><ul><li>Uses less body actions, vocal variety, & visual directness </li></ul>
    5. 5. “ Manuscript” Reminders <ul><li>Type in large enough font to read set on podium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try various sizes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use only top half of page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeps eyes upward </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organize pages and slide over after completed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t flip – limits paper movement to audience </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Memorized Speaking <ul><li>Keeps exact wording & time limits </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for more bodily action & eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Usually formal speeches </li></ul>Disadvantages: 1) No allowances to adjust for audience response 2) Speaker forgets; unable to improvise
    7. 7. Extemporaneous Speaking <ul><li>Not memorized </li></ul><ul><li>Includes research, writing, & rehearsal of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred by public speakers </li></ul><ul><li>Less restrictive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows response to audience reaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develops ability to “think on their feet” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most Sermons fall under this classification </li></ul>
    8. 8. Impromptu Speaking <ul><li>No preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Performed more than any other type speech </li></ul><ul><li>Called on to present understanding from parts of history or scientific concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Asked to share your testimony </li></ul><ul><li>Explain rules for games </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be concise & logical </li></ul><ul><li>Extemporaneous speaking improves impromptu </li></ul>
    9. 9. Delivery Difficulties <ul><li>Murphy’s Law – If it can happen, it will! </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared for the unexpected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notes drop, someone starts coughing uncontrollably </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Things demonstrating don’t work properly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential problems can avoided or defused </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t play the “What if…” game </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare, prepare, prepare </li></ul><ul><li>Do your BEST, and give God the rest </li></ul>
    10. 10. Philippians 4:6 <ul><li>Don't worry about anything; instead, pray about everything. Tell God what you need, and thank him for all he has done. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Dealing with the Unexpected <ul><li>Don’t panic! The audience is on your side. People want to see you succeed. </li></ul><ul><li>Fix the situation calmly . Rushing can cause more problems. </li></ul><ul><li>If it can’t be fixed, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignore it; adjust speaking as needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pause & wait –speaking over something can be more difficult and fruitless (plane overhead) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deal with the problem with grace; verbally sympathize, help the situation </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Handling Hecklers <ul><li>Ignore </li></ul><ul><li>Let audience deal with individual </li></ul><ul><li>May need to stop speech & graciously confront at a time after the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Never give added attention through verbal battles from the stage </li></ul>
    13. 13. Dealing With the Expected <ul><li>Plan and prepare ahead to defuse potential problems. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Plan the Best Way to Prepare for <ul><li>Using a podium or lectern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available for holding notes, visuals, or other aids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a place to hide behind or use to grip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid temptation – don’t use or don’t hang onto it </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Be Prepared <ul><li>Using a microphone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attached to podium, relax hands and leave to your side. Avoid gripping attached stand or podium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to aim voice towards microphone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless microphones need to be fitted and tested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know how to use it </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be comfortable with speaking </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Enhance message <ul><li>Using visual aids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforces message </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adds to explanation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Especially demos </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Picture is worth 1000 words </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Visuals Can Detract <ul><li>Poorly prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Sloppy </li></ul><ul><li>Gives appearance of being unprepared </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure they’re necessary </li></ul>
    18. 18. Guidelines for Using Visual Aids <ul><li>Neat & large enough to be seen by all </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice with visuals in the room </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test for back row visibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple block style lettering at least 1-inch tall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use contrasting colors that show up well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No previews of visuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accentuate presentation, NOT the focus </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Guidelines for Using Visual Aids <ul><li>Talk to your audience not the visual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use as a tool to enhance communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rehearse times to present the visual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mark outline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>With PowerPoint, overhead projector, or video: Practice the use </li></ul></ul></ul>Murphy’s Law can strike at any moment! Be prepared
    20. 20. Visual Impressions
    21. 21. Make a Visual Impression <ul><li>Greatly affects your presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Posture, eye contact, & poise approaching/leaving stage expresses volumes about you </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain good posture & eye contact throughout to enhance communication </li></ul><ul><li>Use adequate facial expression, effective gestures, & movement </li></ul><ul><li>Sets you apart from the average speaker </li></ul>*