Green utopia presentation_jim_simcoe

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Green utopia presentation_jim_simcoe

  1. 1. Building Green Communities (How to create your own green utopia)
  2. 2. Who are you and why are you here right now?
  3. 3. Who am I?
  4. 4. a member of your community...
  5. 5. Defining Utopia...
  6. 6. “an ideally perfect place, especially in its social, political, and moral aspects”
  7. 7. Healthier Safer Less expensive High-performance
  8. 8. Inspired, conscious living
  9. 9. Community is:
  10. 10. “a group with common interests”
  11. 11. Love Health Wealth Sex Safety Companionship
  12. 12. Steps to building your green community:
  13. 13. Steps: <ul><li>Learn </li></ul><ul><li>Do </li></ul><ul><li>Teach </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat </li></ul>
  14. 14. Today: <ul><li>Learn </li></ul><ul><li>Create </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fundamentals of Healthy Green Environments
  16. 16. <ul><li>Less toxic </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Polar bear friendly </li></ul>
  17. 17. Green thinking: <ul><li>House as a ‘system’ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whole systems” approach </li></ul><ul><li>Consume less energy and water </li></ul><ul><li>Use resource efficient techniques and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Healthier, safer, more comfortable </li></ul>
  18. 18. Green buildings: <ul><li>Energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Water efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Resource conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor environmental quality </li></ul>
  19. 19. Key Points: <ul><li>Remove, Replace, Relax </li></ul><ul><li>Remove toxic materials </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilate the air </li></ul><ul><li>Use renewable resources </li></ul>
  20. 21. Some green stats:
  21. 22. Environmental impacts of buildings <ul><li>The United States comprises 5% of the total world population </li></ul><ul><li>We use 25% of the world’s energy resources </li></ul>
  22. 23. Environmental impacts of buildings (2) <ul><li>In the U.S., buildings: </li></ul><ul><li>Consume 65% of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Create 30% of total green house gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Create 136 million tons of C & D waste each year </li></ul><ul><li>Consume 12% of potable water </li></ul><ul><li>Use 40% of raw materials globally </li></ul><ul><li>Wood constitutes 84% of residential construction </li></ul>
  23. 24. Environmental impacts of buildings (3) <ul><li>Construction of a 2,085 sq ft home uses up to 1.5 acres of forest (16,000 board feet, 23 20” diameter trees) </li></ul>
  24. 25. Waste Generation <ul><li>In the U.S. Construction & Demolition waste accounts for 12-50% of the entire waste stream </li></ul><ul><li>4.3 million tons of construction and demolition (C&D) waste generated per year in California alone </li></ul>
  25. 26. Indoor Air <ul><li>Indoor air pollution is 2-5 times worse than outside </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We spend over 90% of our time indoors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60% of homes and 30% of commercial buildings are classified as “sick” </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Average residential energy use: <ul><li>Electric </li></ul><ul><ul><li>22% lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19% refrigerators/freezers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15% TV, computers and office equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% air conditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>44% space heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>44% water heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7% cooking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6% dryer/misc. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Pesticide facts <ul><li>The likelihood of a child getting leukemia is 6X greater when herbicides are used on lawn </li></ul><ul><li>More children with cancers had exposure to pesticides than children without cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticide links exist to infertility, birth defects, learning and neurological disorders, allergies, MCS (multiple chemical sensitivities) </li></ul><ul><li>Come in on shoes and stay in carpet </li></ul><ul><li>Moth balls (naphthalene) are one of the most dangerous chemicals available </li></ul>
  28. 29. The relationship between water and energy: <ul><li>Only 2.5% of the world’s water is fresh water </li></ul><ul><li>20% of CA electricity and 32% of CA natural gas is used for water pumping, cleaning and heating </li></ul><ul><li>14% of home energy is used for heating water </li></ul><ul><li>Average water use per person is 70-100 gallons a day </li></ul><ul><li>40-60% of potable water is used in landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Water is used in virtually every industrial process </li></ul><ul><li>So by conserving resources you’re saving water </li></ul>
  29. 30. Where does indoor water go? <ul><li>Average house usage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>27% toilets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22% clothes washer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17% showers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16% faucets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14% leaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5% baths/dishwashers/other </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The average U.S. household uses 350 gallons per day (inside) </li></ul>
  30. 31. Where does outdoor water go? <ul><li>40-60% of potable water goes into the landscape </li></ul>
  31. 32. efficiency is everything
  32. 33. Energy efficiency <ul><li>Structural system </li></ul><ul><li>Increased insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Air sealing </li></ul><ul><li>Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Energystar appliances </li></ul><ul><li>HVAC design, installation and testing </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy </li></ul>
  33. 34. Water efficiency <ul><li>Interior </li></ul><ul><li>Water conserving appliances </li></ul><ul><li>Aerators on faucets </li></ul><ul><li>Low-flow fixtures </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing effectively designed and insulated </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior </li></ul><ul><li>Minimized grass </li></ul><ul><li>Native and drought resistant vegetation </li></ul><ul><li>High efficiency irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Hydro-zoning </li></ul>
  34. 35. What is energy? <ul><li>Energy is the “go” of things </li></ul><ul><li>Energy takes many forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical (motion, friction, etc) </li></ul></ul>
  35. 36. Energy Key Points <ul><ul><li>Use what is available ( sun, wind or temperature) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conserve your use of what is there </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only augment with concentrated energy (electricity, gas, oil) when necessary </li></ul></ul>
  36. 37. Water Conservation <ul><li>Install water conserving appliances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EnergyStar and WaterSense rated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Install water conserving fixtures/systems </li></ul><ul><li>Optimize irrigation system </li></ul><ul><li>Rainwater harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Greywater plumbing </li></ul>
  37. 38. Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
  38. 39. Indoor air/environmental quality IAQ/IEQ <ul><li>Materials and finishes </li></ul><ul><li>Combustion gas safety </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation and moisture management </li></ul><ul><li>‘Sick’ Building syndrome </li></ul>
  39. 40. Impact of negative IAQ <ul><li>15% of homeowners may be allergic to elements in their own homes. </li></ul><ul><li>40% of children born today will develop some form of respiratory disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence of asthma has doubled since 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased links to ADD and asthma in children. </li></ul><ul><li>Of all the chemicals that EPA monitors, only ozone and sulphur dioxide are more prevalent outdoors than indoors </li></ul>
  40. 41. Indoor Air Quality <ul><li>Toxins </li></ul><ul><li>Off-gassing </li></ul><ul><li>Plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul>
  41. 42. What is off-gassing? <ul><li>The release of toxic chemicals from common household materials (paint, furniture finishes, plastic, vinyl, etc) </li></ul>
  42. 43. Formaldehyde <ul><li>Two main types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phenol formaldehyde / Used outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Plywood, Oriented strand board) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urea formaldehyde / Used inside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Particle board, cabinet fiberboard, etc) </li></ul></ul>
  43. 44. Volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) <ul><li>VOCs are typically in solvents in fluid or flexible products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paints, sealers, adhesives and caulks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most of the ‘enes’ are VOCs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gasoline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kerosene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benzene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xylene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>toluene </li></ul></ul>
  44. 45. Vinyl Chloride <ul><li>The principle element in PVC products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Beach ball smell” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with off-gassing, disposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human carcinogen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dioxin and hydrogen chloride is emitted from production and during burning </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 46. Carpeting contains <ul><li>Toxic chemicals in the fiber bonding material, dyes, backing glues, fire retardant, fungicides, antistatic and stain resistant treatments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>120 chemicals; some of which are neurotoxic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They last at least 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carpet is neither renewable or biodegradable </li></ul></ul>
  46. 47. Carpeting <ul><li>Carpet is anathema to good air quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offgasing and absorption issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dust magnet (old carpet weighs more than new) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dust mites love it (if humidity is over 53%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bacteria hide here </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It holds everything from bottom of shoes </li></ul></ul>
  47. 48. Solutions
  48. 49. Elimination <ul><li>Reduce the type and number of products and issues that off-gas into the living space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adhesives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paints and finishes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carpet and fabrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineered wood products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combustion appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humidity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hobbies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pets and teenagers </li></ul></ul>
  49. 50. Ventilation <ul><li>Ventilation is the second way to reduce the impact of high concentrations of toxic gases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural ventilation (windows, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical ventilation (fans, etc) </li></ul></ul>
  50. 51. Indoor air toxins <ul><li>What are they? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do they come from? </li></ul>
  51. 52. What are they? <ul><ul><li>Formaldehyde (urea-particleboard/phenol-osb,exterior grade plywood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VOC’s (gasoline, kerosene,xylene,Toluene) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vinyl chloride (human carcinigen, found in PVC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerotoxins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide </li></ul></ul>
  52. 53. Where do they come from? <ul><li>Where do they come from? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formaldehyde (urea-particleboard/phenol-osb,exterior grade plywood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VOC’s- paint, sealers, adhesives, caulks, can be absorbed by carpets/furnitures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vinyl chloride (human carcinigen, found in PVC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerotoxins-carpet (backing, glues, fire retardants, styrene,latex binders, fungicides, anti-static and stain-resistant treatments) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide- stove,furnace,gas water heater, gas dryer </li></ul></ul>
  53. 54. Air leak issues <ul><li>Where do they come from? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>duct work leaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>faulty insulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>windows, door frames </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plumbing penetrations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fireplaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>floors, walls and ceilings </li></ul></ul>
  54. 55. FIX Air leak issues <ul><li>Seal all holes in building envelop including: sill plates, top plates, electrical openings, plumbing openings, boxes around windows, attic hatches, HVAC closet, door-frames, </li></ul><ul><li>Use: spray foam insulation, weatherstripping, foam gaskets on electrical openings, etc. </li></ul>
  55. 56. Filtration <ul><li>Filtration takes the micro particulates out of the air </li></ul><ul><li>Residential filtration does not capture gases </li></ul><ul><li>Use HEPA* air filters </li></ul><ul><li>*High Efficiency Particulate Air </li></ul>
  56. 57. Low energy cooling <ul><li>Ceiling fans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standing in moving air under a ceiling fan makes the body feel 4 degrees cooler, thereby reducing air conditioning needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased comfort with the same temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose EnergyStar fans (50% more efficient; have improved motor and blade designs; efficient lighting) </li></ul></ul>
  57. 58. Duct issues <ul><li>Ducts leak avg. of 30% </li></ul><ul><li>Leaky ducts waste energy and hurt comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Leaky air ducts can cause negative pressure- this can pull CO out of gas appliances into the home </li></ul><ul><li>Use duct mastic on all duct joints </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use duct tape! </li></ul>
  58. 59. Insulating pipes <ul><li>Hot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces standby pipe loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves water by reducing waste while waiting for hot water at the fixture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces condensation and freezing problems </li></ul></ul>
  59. 60. green materials and recommendations
  60. 61. Choosing green materials <ul><li>Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Flooring </li></ul><ul><li>Appliances </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul>
  61. 62. Natural linoleum flooring <ul><li>Durable, stain resistant </li></ul><ul><li>Made of rapidly renewable materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linseed oil, limestone, pine rosins, wood powder and jute </li></ul></ul>
  62. 63. Renewable cork flooring <ul><li>Cork is rapidly renewable (7-10 yrs), naturally fire and moisture resistant as well as sound absorbing </li></ul><ul><li>hypoallergenic </li></ul><ul><li>no trees are cut down </li></ul>
  63. 64. Rapidly renewable bamboo <ul><li>A renewable resource is replenished by natural processes </li></ul><ul><li>Bamboo is fast growing (7-10 years) comparable to wood </li></ul><ul><li>Full grown stalks are cut lengthwise into narrow strips and glued together either horizontally or vertically </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be re-sanded and sealed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of products in market place </li></ul></ul>
  64. 65. Carpet Alternatives <ul><li>Untreated natural fiber carpets: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wool, seagrass, sisal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure wool is NOT treated with toxic moth proofing chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Install with low or non toxic backing </li></ul>
  65. 66. The best of synthetic carpets <ul><li>Recycled PET fiber carpets available </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid styrene-butadiene latex backing (get woven backing) </li></ul><ul><li>Low pile – high density may be more durable and hold less dirt </li></ul><ul><li>Look for the carpet and rug institute’s “green label” and “green label plus” logos </li></ul>
  66. 67. LED’s: the facts <ul><li>LED’s (light emitting diodes) are making a fast entrance into the residential market </li></ul><ul><li>LED’s produce more light with less electricity </li></ul><ul><li>LED’s can last 35,000-50,000 hrs. </li></ul><ul><li>(CFL’s last 8000-10,000 hrs) </li></ul>
  67. 68. Refrigerator and freezer <ul><li>Single largest power user in most households </li></ul><ul><li>EnergyStar is minimum goal </li></ul><ul><li>Size matters; small saves </li></ul><ul><li>www.energystar.gov </li></ul>
  68. 69. Washer/dryer <ul><li>Horizontal axis washer (Front Loading) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use 40% less water & 50% less energy than most models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster final spin- reduces drying time and cost </li></ul></ul>
  69. 70. Free Money
  70. 71. What money is available? <ul><li>Rebates </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Credits </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Grant money </li></ul>
  71. 72. Where is it? <ul><li>City </li></ul><ul><li>County </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>NGO’s </li></ul>
  72. 73. DSIREUSA.ORG The Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) is an ongoing project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), primarily through the Office of Planning, Budget and Analysis (PBA). It is the first place to look for rebates, credits and incentives for all 50 states. www.dsireusa.org
  73. 74. GRANTS.GOV Grants.gov is the Federal Government’s web site for posting funding opportunities from all Federal Agencies. It is a central storehouse for information on over 1,000 grant programs and provides access to approximately $500 billion in annual awards. www.grants.gov
  74. 75. ENERGYSTAR.GOV ENERGY STAR is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy helping us all save money and protect the environment through energy efficient products and practices. This website also offers a list of Federal Tax Credits and Rebates. For example, if you install solar panels you can receive a tax credit equal to 30% of the cost. www.energystar.gov /
  75. 76. Incentives Incentives: These are things that a city or county is willing to do to encourage green building or renovation in their jurisdiction. They will give you cash incentives or a cash offset such as waiving permitting fees. If the city or county gets homes built that are LEED certified or built to Build it Green standards as in (Encinitas CA) they will provide grant money to encourage builders to make this happen.
  76. 77. Grants Grants:A city or county gives money for a specific project and specific to a particular building, builder and renovator. Detroit offers an example of eco-friendly, low housing complexes. The builder had to write a business case for the money. An organizational expert and a grant writer put this plan for a non-profit together that resulted in subsidies for combined green, low income housing. Once this pool of money is gone it can be replaced based on experience and success. These programs have a very specific value. Once established, they are hard to eliminate but are harder to win without experienced grant winning expertise. Advice for best legal structuring and for assessing and winning a grant is essential.
  77. 78. Rebates Rebates – This is simply a discount for buying something or doing something that is defined as green. The example is Energy Star appliances or something agreed to be energy or water efficient. Changing the light bulbs, buying a washing machine and getting a $50 rebate by proving you bought it with a receipt. These plans have been around for a long time in many forms by the energy saving and green movement emphasizing these as investor friendly.
  78. 79. Tax Credits Tax Credits – These are available at an LLC, entity and personal level as an earned tax incentive by way of a discount or a refund. The magic number is $1500 for going energy efficient in a specific area such as insulation upgrades. There are much higher allowances for adopting alternative energy sources such as solar and wind (popular) or geo-thermal (less frequent) and offer uncapped tax incentives up to 30% of the capital costs of the upgrade for residential or commercial properties.
  79. 80. Remove Replace Relax Relax Relax
  80. 81. Remove <ul><li>Indoor air toxins </li></ul><ul><li>Air leak issues </li></ul><ul><li>Inefficient systems/appliances </li></ul>
  81. 82. Inefficient systems <ul><ul><li>Old appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old systems (ex- non-programmable thermostat) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old duct work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Old water heaters (install water heater insulation jacket) </li></ul></ul>
  82. 83. Replace <ul><ul><li>Flooring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adhesives/Glues/Sealants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appliances </li></ul></ul>
  83. 84. Flooring <ul><ul><li>Alternative flooring: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bamboo- fast growing, comparable to wood (actually a ‘grass’) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cork-rapidly renewable, hypoallergenic, fire and moisture resistant, comfortable, sound absorbing, tough </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>natural linoleum- made from linseed oil, limestone, pine rosins, wood powder and jute </li></ul></ul></ul>
  84. 85. Carpet alternatives <ul><ul><ul><li>Think of regular carpet as GIANT SPONGES (dust magnet, dust mites, bacteria, everything from the bottom of your shoes) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Best alternatives: wool, seagrass, sisal. make sure wool is NOT treated with moth-proofing chemicals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Install with low or non-toxic backing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buy US made. 45% of worlds carpet comes from US, 80% of which comes from Georgia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  85. 86. Paint <ul><ul><ul><li>Chose No-VOC or LOW-VOC paint </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available at most most home stores </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very comparable to regular paint </li></ul></ul></ul>
  86. 87. Materials <ul><ul><ul><li>Use natural/solid woods when possible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay away from OSB and pressed wood products </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Glues and sealants used are toxic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other great materials: brick, tile, metal. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The more natural, the better </li></ul></ul></ul>
  87. 88. Adhesives/Glues/Sealants <ul><ul><ul><li>Typical ones are very toxic and off-gas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Found in cabinets, floor sealants, caulking, spray foam, carpet backing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look for all-natural alternatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greenbuildingsupply.com </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>greendepot.com </li></ul></ul></ul>
  88. 89. Appliances <ul><ul><ul><li>Replace old/faulty appliances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look for Energy Star appliances </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Washers, Dryers, Hot-Water heaters, Dishwashers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  89. 90. Relax <ul><li>Think in PHASES </li></ul><ul><li>Perfect process: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Building envelop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fix Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mistakes to avoid </li></ul>
  90. 91. Mistakes to avoid <ul><ul><ul><li>Spend too much </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do too much </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t consider payback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t consider end-buyer’s wants/needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t have a clear plan </li></ul></ul></ul>
  91. 92. PHASE Thinking
  92. 93. Exercise: Build it now How do we define utopia? What does it look like? Why do it? Where do we start? What do YOU need to be the expert?
  93. 94. 8 First Steps...
  94. 95. What to do next
  95. 96. Actions Audit your surroundings (home/work) Determine your ‘must-haves’ Create a plan Get help Start small Start talking Start teaching
  96. 97. Questions? Jim Simcoe JimSimcoe.com 760-271-7128

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