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MustardSeed


                       tjynfjynfqdkif&m vlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf;
1948 ckESpf? 'DZifbmv (10) &ufaeYwGif urÇmhukvor*¾ taxGaxGnDvmcHMuD;u vlYtcGifhta&;
aMunmpmwrf;udktwnfjyKjyXmef;vdkuf&m xdkaMunmpmwrf;MuD;pmom;rsm;onf aemufpmrsufESmrsm;wGif
tjynfhtpHkyg&onf/ þuJhodkY ordkif;wGifrnfh aMunmcsufudk jyKvkyfjyD;aemuf þnDvmcHtpnf;ta0;MuD;
u urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0iftm;vHk;tm; xdkaMunmpmwrf;MuD;pmom;udk trsm;jynfolwdkY Mum;odap&ef
aMunmyg&ef taMumif;udkvnf;aumif;? xdkYjyif EdkifiHrsm;(odkYr[kwf)e,fajrrsm; EdkifiHa&;tqifhtwef;
udkvdkufí cGJjcm;jcif;rjyKbJ t"dutm;jzifh pmoifausmif;rsm;ESifh tjcm;ynma&; tzGJUtpnf;rsm;wGif
xdkaMunmpmwrf;MuD;udk jzefYcsDa0iSap&ef? jrifomatmif jyoxm;&ef? zwfMum;ap&efESifh t"dyÜm,f&Sif;vif;
azmfjyap&efaqmif&Gufygap&ef taMumif;udkvnf;aumif; qifhqdkvdkufonf/

tzGifhpum;csD;
vlcyfodrf;ukefwdkY rsdK;&dk;*kPfodu©mESihfwuG vlwdkif;tnDtrQ cHpm;cGifh&Sdonhf tcGifhta&;rsm;udk
todtrSwfjyKjcif;onf vlcyfodrf;wdkY vGwfvyfrI? w&m;rQwrIESifh jidrf;csrf;rIwdkYtajccHtkwfjrpfjzpf
aomaMumihfvnf;aumif;?

vlYtcGihfta&;rsm;udk ta&;rxm;rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;onf vlcyfodrf;wdkY tusifhodu©mudk csdK;azmufzsufqD;
wwfonfh &ufpufMurf;MuKwfaom tjyKtrlrsm;udk jzpfay:apcJhaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;? vGwfvyfpGm
xkwfazmfajymqdkcGifh? vGwfvyfpGmouf0if,HkMunfcGihf? awmif;wjcif;? aMumihfusjcif;wdkYrSuif;vGwfpGm
toufarG;EdkifrIwdkYudkcHpm;&,lEdkifaprnfhavmuwck ay:aygufvm&efta&;udk vlcyfodrf;wdkYu rdrdwdkY
txufoefqHk;aomvdkvm;csufqE´MuD;tjzpfjzifh a<u;aMumfaMunmjyD;jzpfaomaMumifh vnf;aumif;?

vlcyfodrf;wdkUonf w&m;rJhtkyfcsKyfrI? zdESdyfrIwdkYudk aemufqHk;rvTJomra&Smifomawmhojzifh vufeufpGJudkif
awmfvSefjcif;? ykefuefjcif;rsm;rjyKap&ef? vlUtcGihfta&;rsm;udkOya'jzifh xdef;odrf;umuG,fay;&rnf
jzpfaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHtcsif;csif; cifrif&if;ESD;pGmqufqHa&;udk ydkrdkwdk;wufap&ef MuHaqmif
&rnfjzpfaomaMumihfvnf;aumif;?            urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0ifEdkifiHrsm;onf         rlvtcGifhta&;rsm;udk
vnf;aumif;? vl*kPfodu©mudkvnf;aumif;? trsdK;om; trsdK;orD;wdkY wlnDaomtcGihfta&;rsm;udk
vnf;aumif;? av;pm;,HkMunfouf0ifygonf[k ukvor*¾wGif xyfavmif;twnfjyKjyD;onfhtjyif
vlrIMuD;yGm; wdk;wufa&;ESifhwuGudkrdkvGwfvyfaomvlYb0tqifhtwef;wdkYudk jrSifhwif&ef oH"dXmefcsjyD;jzpf
aomaMumihfvnf;aumif;/

urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0ifEdkifiHwdkUonf ukvor*¾EdkifiHrsm;yl;aygif;í vlYtcGihfta&;rsm;udkvnf;aumif;?
tajccHvGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? urÇmw0Srf;vHk;wGif&Sdaom av;pm;usifhoHk; apmihfpnf;Mujcif;udk
tm;ay;axmufcHrnf[k uwdjyKjyD;jzpfaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;/

xdkodkY tajctaersdK;wdkYwGifxdktcGifhta&;rsm;       vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk    tm;vHk;em;vnfoabmayguf&ef
ta&;tMuD;qHk;jzpfaomaMumifh vnf;aumif;/

xdkYaMumifh taxGaxGnDvmcHonf- tjynfjynfqdkif&m vlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf;udk vlwdkif;tzGJUtpnf;
wdkif;uESvHk;oGif;íurÇmw0Srf;wGif tqkdygtcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk&dkaoav;pm;Mu&ef qHk;r
oGefoifjcif;jzifhtm;xkwfMu&rnf[kvnf;aumif;? urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0if EdkifiHrsm;ESifh xdkEdkifiHwdkY
jynfolrsm;tm;tqdkygtcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfcGihfrsm;udkus,fus,fjyefUjyefYxda&mufpGm usifhoHk;apmifhpnf;
Muap&ef jynfwGif;jynfyqdkif&m wdk;wufaomaqmif&Gufcsufrsm;jzifhtm;xkwfMu&rnf[kvnf;aumif;
&nf&G,fjyD;vQif tjynfjynfqdkif&mvlYtcGifhta&; aMunmpmwrf;udkEdkifiHcyfodrf;? vlcyfodrf;wdkY wajy;nDpGm
aqmif&GufMuEdkifapa&;twGuf ,ckaMunmpmwrf;udkxkwfjyefvdkufonf/

Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                   1
MustardSeed



tjynfjynfqdkif&m vlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf;
tydk'f(1) vlom;wdkif;onf vGwfvyfí wef;wlnDaom *kPfodu©mESifh tcGifhta&;rsm;jzifh arG;zGm;vmol
jzpfonf/ xdkvlom;wkdYonf qifjcifwHkw&m;ESifh usifh0wfudk wm0efodwwfaompdwfwdkY&SdMuí wOD;ESifhwOD;
nD&if;tudk? armif&if;ESrpdwfjzifh qufqHoifhonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;vGwfvyfrI&SdMujyD; wef;wlnDrI&Sdonf/


tydk'f(2) vlom;wdkif; þvlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf;wGif azmfjyxm;onfh tcGihfta&;rsm;tm;vHk;
vGwfvyfcGihfrsm;tm;vHk;udk ydkifqdkifcHpm;cGifh &Sdonf/ vlrsdK;? tom;ta&mif? vdif? bmompum;?
udk;uG,fonfhbmom? EdkifiHa&;t,ltq(odkUr[kwf) tjcm;,lqcsuf? EdkifiHa&;(odkUr[kwf)vlrIa&;Zpfjrpf?
ypönf;Opöm? rsdK;&dk;Zmwd? tjcm;tqifhtwef;tm;jzifh cGJjcmjcif;r&Sdap&/
        xdkYjyif vlom;wOD;rSDwif;aexdkif&m EdkifiH(odkUr[kwf) e,fajra'onf vGwfvyfaomwdkif;jynf onf
tcsKyftcsmtmPmydkifaom vGwfvyfaomEdkifiH(odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap? tapmifhta&SmufcHe,fajr
(odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfa&;r&SdaomEdkifiH (odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap(odkYr[kwf) tcsKyftcsm
tmPmESifh ywfoufí tjcm;aomabmifwGif; uefYowfcsufrsm;&SdaeaomEdkifiH (odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap?
,ck vlYtcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh ywfoufí cGJjcm;rI vHk;0r&Sdap&/


&Sif;vif;csuf/ / tom;ta&mif? vdif? udk;uG,fonfhbmom?
bmompum;wdkYaMumifh cGJjcm;jcif;r&Sdap&/


tydk'f(3) vlwdkif;wGif touf&Sif&yfwnfcGifh? vGwfvyfcGifhESifhvHkjcHKcGifh&Sdonf/


&Sif;vif;csuf/ /                  vlwdkif;wGif   touf&Sif&yfwnfcGifh?
vGwfvyfcGifhESifh vHkjcHKcGifh&Sdonf/

tydk'f(4) rnfolurSuRefjyKjcif;? taptyg;tjzpf EkdifxufpD;eif;apcdkif;jcif; r&Sdap&/ vlom;wdkYudk
aus;uRefozG,fapcdkif;jcif;? a&mif;0,fjcif;ESifh xdkoabmoufa&mufapaom yHkpHorQ ydwfyifwm;jrpf&rnf/


&Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfolYudkrS uReftjzpfqufqH
a&mif;0,fjcif;rjyK&/

tydk'f(5) rnfolurS ESdyfpufnSOf;yef;jcif; (odkYr[kwf) &ufpufMurf;MuKwf vlrqefpGm *kPfi,fapaom
qufqHjcif;jzifh rqufqH&/ odkYr[kwf tjypfay;jcif; rjyK&/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfoludkrS ESdyfpufjcif;rjyK&/

Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                  2
MustardSeed


tydk'f(6) vlwdkif;ae&mra&G; Oya'a&SUarSmufwGif vlom;tjzpf todtrSwfjyKjcif;cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ /vlwdkif;w&m;Oya'a&SUwGif vlom;tjzpf
todtrSwfjyKcH&rnf/

tydk'f(7) vlwdkif; w&m;Oya'a&SUarSmufwGif wajy;nDwlnDMujyD; w&m;Oya'umuG,frIudk cGJjcm;rIr&Sd
wlnDrItjynfh apmifha&Smuf cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ þaMunmpmwrf;ygtcsufrsm;udk zDqefqefYusifonfh
rnfonfhcGJjcm;rIrsdK; (odkYr[kwf) xdkodkYcGJjcm;rIrsm;udef;atmif;apatmif vIHUaqmfrIrsdK;rS uif;vGwfap&ef
tumtuG,fudk wlnDpGm cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;w&m;Oya'a&SUwGif ausmom;&ifom;rcGJjcm;bJ
wef;wlnDwl&Sdonf/


tydk'f(8) vlwdkif; rdrdwdkYtm; tajccHOya'(odkYr[kwf) Oya't& tyfESif;xm;aom tajccHtcGifhta&;rsm;udk
csdK;azmufcH&onfhtcg EdkifiHawmfw&m;pD&ifa&;&Hk;rsm;wGif xda&mufaom ta&;,lukpm;rIrsm; cH,lydkifcGifh&Sd
onf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ /vlwdkif; tcGifhta&;rsm;av;pm;rcH&onfhtcg Oya'
tultnDudk awmif;cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/


tydk'f(9) rnfolurS w&m;vufvGwf taMumif;rJhzrf;qD;jcif;? xdefodrf;csKyfaESmifxm;jcif;(odkYr[kwf)
wdkif;jynfrS ESifxkwfjcif;rjyKvkyf&/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfolurS rw&m;zrf;qD;jcif;? wdkif;jynfrS
ESifxkwfjcif; rjyK&/

tydk'f(10) vlwa,muftcGifhta&;ESifh wm0ef0wå&m;rsm;ESifh ywfowfívnf;aumif;? pGJcsufwifvmaom
jypfrIrsm;ESifh ywfoufívnf;aumif; tqHk;tjzwfcH,l&mwGif vlwdkif;onf vGwfvyfí bufrvdkufaom
w&m;pD&ifrI? &Hk;awmfwGif vltrsm;wufa&muf Mum;emEdkifaom ppfaq;rIrsdK;udkwlnDpGm cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;w&m;rQwí vltrsm;Mum;emEdkifaom w&m;pD&ifrI
udk cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

tydk'f(11)           (u)w&m;Oya'csdK;azmufonfhtrIjzifh w&m;pGJqdkjcif; cH&olwdkif;onf rdrdudk,frdrd
umuG,fEdkif&ef vdktyfaomaqmif&Gufp&mrsm;udk aqmif&GufEdkifcGihftjynfht0&&SdjyD; vltrsm;a&SUwGif
Oya'twdkif; ppfaq;í tjypfusL;vGefonf[k xif&Sm;jyD; pD&ifcsuf twdtusrcsrcsif; xdkvlwGiftjypfr&Sd
[k cH,lydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
                     (c)wpHkwa,muf vkyfaqmifcJhaom tjyKtrlESifhpyfvsOf;í xdktjyKtrljyKvkyfcJhpOf
tcsdeftcgu xkwfjyefxm;aomEdkifiHawmf (odkYr[kwf) EdkifiHwumqdkif&mOya't& jidpGef;aomjypfrIwck
tjzpf cdkifcdkifvHkvHk rwifjyEdkifcJhvQif xdkoltm; tqdkygtjyKtrltwGuf tjypf&Sdonf[kr,lqEdkif/ xdkYtwl

Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                   3
MustardSeed


usL;vGefaomjypfrItwGuf jypfrIusL;vGefpOftcgu xdkufoifhapEdkifaom tjypf'Pfxuf ydkrdkMuD;av;aom
tjypf'Pfay;jcif; r&Sdap&/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwa,muftay:tjypf&Sdonf[kcdkifvHkaom pD&ifcsuf rcsrcsif; xdkolonf
tjypfr&Sd[k ,lq&rnf/

tydk'f(12) rnfol udk,fa&;udk,fwmudprsm;?rdom;pkESifh oufqdkifaomudprsm;? aetdrfESifhpmay;pm,l
                                                 ö                              ö
udpörsm;wdkYudkrS Oya't&r[kwfaom 0ifa&mufpGufzufrIrcHap&/ xdkYtjyif xdkol*kPfodu©mudk
ykwfcwfydkifcGifhr&Sd/ vlwdkif;wGifxdkodkY pGufzufjcif;rSaomfvnf;aumif;? ykwfcwfcH&jcif;udkaomfvnf;aumif;
Oya't& umuG,fydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/     /      raumif;aom&nf&G,fcsufrsm;jzifh       tjcm;ol
tdrftwGif;odkY0ifa&mufjcif; pmrsm;azmufzwfjcif;rsm; rjyKvkyf&/



tydk'f(13)         (u) vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynfe,fedrdwf tydkif;tjcm;twGif;vGwfvyfpGm oGm;vma&TUajymif;?
aexdkifcGihf&Sdonf/

                    (c) vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynftygt0if tjcm;rnfonfh wdkif;jynfudkrqdk xGufcGmcGifhESifh
rdrdwdkif;jynfodkY jyefvmcGihf&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ /           vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynftwGif;vGwfvyfpGm
vIyf&Sm;oGm;vmcGifh&Sdonf/

tydk'f(14)           (u) vlwdkif; rw&m;tjypfay;ESdyfpufrIrS vGwfajrmuf&ef tjcm;wkdif;jynfrsm;wGif cdkvIHcGifh
awmif;cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
                     (c) EdkifiHa&;ESifh roufqdkifaom jypfrIrsdK;(odkYr[kwf) ukvor*¾&nfrSef;csufrl0g'rsm;udk
zDqefqefYusifaom jypfrIrsdK;udk trSefwu,f usL;vGefaomaMumifh tusdK;quftjzpf ay:aygufvmaom
ta&;,lrIrsdK;jzpfyguþtydk'fyg tcGifhta&;ESifh tMuHK;0ifrIr&Sday/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfolrqdk rw&m;tjypfay;cH&awmhrnfhtajctaersdK;a&mufygu tjcm;EdkifiHwEdkifiHwGif
cdkvIHcGifhawmif;cHydkifcGihf&Sdonf/

tydk'f(15)      (u)vlwdkif; EdkifiHwEdkifiH EdkifiHom;jzpfydkifcGihf&Sdonf/
                (c)rnfolurS 4if; EkdifiHom;jzpfrIrS aMumif;usdK;rJh ypfy,fcGihfr&Sdap&/ xdkolEdkifiHom;
tjzpf ajymif;vJydkifcGifhudkvnf; jiif;y,fjcif;r&Sdap&/
&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; EdkifiHwEdkifiHwGif EdkifiHom;jzpfydkifcGihf&Sdonf/
qE´t& tjcm;EdkifiHom;tjzpf ulajymif;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/


tydk'f(16)    (u) t&G,fa&mufjyD;aom trsdK;om;ESifh trdsK;orD;wdkif;onf vlrdsK;? wdkif;&if;om;
(odkYr[kwf) bmoma&;tMumif;jyKí csKyfcs,fuefYowfjcif;r&Sdap&bJ vufxyfcGihfESifh rdom;pkxlaxmif

Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                        4
MustardSeed


ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ vufxyfxdrf;jrm;csdef? aygif;oif;csdefESifh tdrfaxmifjydKuGJonfhtcsdefrsm;wGif vufxyf
xdrfjrm;jcif;ESifh ywfowfí xdktrsdK;om;ESifh trsdK;om;wdkYwGifwlnDaom tcGifhta&;rsm;&Sdonf/
                    (c) &nf&G,fxm;aom owdkYom;ESifh owdkYorD;wdkY vGwfvyfaomoabmqE´udk
tjynfht0&,lrSom vufxyfxdrfjrm;jcif; jyK&rnf/
                    (*) rdom;pkb0onf vlYtzGJUtpnf; obm0usaom? tajccHusaom tpdwftydkif;
wckjzpfonf/ rdom;pkb0rsm;udk umuG,fay;&ef vlYtzGJYtpnf;ESifh tpdk;&wdkYu wm0ef&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / t&G,fa&mufjyD;aomvlwdkif;vufxyfxdrfjrm;ydkifcGifhESifh
rdom;pkxlaxmifcGifh&Sdonf/


tydk'f(17)           (u) vlwdkif;onf "eypönf;rsm;udk rdrdwOD;csif;jzpfap? tjcm;olrsm;ESifh zufpyfíjzpfap
ydkifqdkifcGihf&Sdonf/
                     (c) rnfolwOD;wa,mufudk,fydkifypönf;udkrS Oya'aMumif;usdK;rJhodrf;ydkufjcif;r&Sdap&/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; udk,fydkifypönf;ydkifqdkifcGifh&Sdonf/



tydk'f(18) vlwdkif;vGwfvyfpGm awG;ac:cGifh? vGwfvyfpGm cH,l&yfwnfydkifcGifhESifh vGwfvyfpGmudk;uG,fcGifh
&Sdonf/ þvkyfydkifcGifht& rdrdudk;uG,faombmomudk(odkYr[kwf) ouf0if,HkMunfcsufudk vGwfvyfpGm
ajymif;vJydkifcGihf&Sdonf/ xdkYjyif rdrdwOD;wnf;aomfvnf;aumif;? tjcm;olrsm;ESifhpkaygif;íaomfvnf;aumif;
trsm;a&SS SUwGifjzpfap (odkYr[kwf) rdrdoD;oefYwGifjzpfaprdrdudk;uG,f,HkMunfrI (odkYr[kwf) bmomudk
vGwfvyfpGmoifjyEdkifcGifh? usifhoHk;cGifh? 0wfjyKudk;uG,fcGifhESifh aqmufwnfcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;vGwfvyfpGmudk;uG,f,HkMunfcGifh&SdjyD; qE´&Sdygu
tjcm;bmomodkY ulajymif;udk;uG,fcGifh&Sdonf/


tydk'f(19)           vlwdkif;vGwfvyfpGmxifjrif,lqydkifcGifhESifh vGwfvyfpGm zGifh[wifjyydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
xdktcGifhta&;rsm;t& rdrdwifjycsufrsm;udk taESmifht,Suft[efYtwm;r&Sd cH,lusifhoHk;ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/
e,fajrydkif;jcm;rIr&SdbJ owif;pme,fZif;rsm;rSwqifh owif;rsm;? t,ltqrsm;udk &SmazGqnf;yl;cGifh?
vufcHydkifcGifhESifh jzefYjzL;ydkifcGihfwdkY&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;rdrd,lqcsufrsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm azmfxkwfwifjycGifh
&SdjyD; owif;rsm;udk &,lydkifcGifhvnf;&Sdonf/



tydk'f(20) vlwdkif;jidrf;csrf;pGm vlpkvla0; pka0;ydkifcGifhESifh toif;tzJGUrsm;xlaxmifzGJUpnf;ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/
rnfolurS 4if;qE´oabmxm; rygbJ tzGJUtpnf;wckodkY0if&ef twif;tMuyfrjyK&/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; jidrf;csrf;aomenf;jzifh zGJUxm;aom tzGJUrsm;udk
0ifa&mufcGifh&Sdonf/


Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                           5
MustardSeed


tydk'f(21)         (u) vlwdkif; rdrdwdkif;jynftkyfcsKyfa&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif wdkuf&dkufaomfvnf;aumif;?
vGwfvyfpGma&G;cs,fwifajrSmufxm;onfh udk,fpm;vS,frsm;rSwqifh aomfvnf;aumif; yg0ifaqmif&Guf
ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
                   (c) vlwdkif; rdrdwdkif;jynftwGif;&Sd jynfolY0efxrf;tzGJU vkyfief;rsm;wGif0ifa&mufEdkif&ef
wlnDaom tcGifhtvrf;rsm;&Sdonf/
                   (*) tpdk&tmPmonf jynfolvlxkqE´tay:wGiftajccH&rnf/ jynfolYqE´rsm;udk
tcsdefydkif;jcm;vsuf        usif;yay;onfh      ppfrSefaom       a&G;aumufyGJrsm;jzifh    azmfxkwfap&rnf/
a&G;aumufyGJrsm;wGif vlwdkif;tnDtrQ rJay;EdkifcGifh &Sd&rnfhtjyif xdka&G;aumufyGJrsm;udk vQdKU0SufrJay;pepf
jzifhjzpfap? tvm;wl vGwfvyfaomrJay;pepfjzifhjzpfap usif;y&rnf/
 &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynf tpdk;&udk rdrdqE´jzihfa&G;cs,f
 wifajrSmufydkifcGihf&Sdonf/

tydk'f(22) vlom;wdkif;onf vltzGJUtpnf; tzGJU0ifwpfa,mufjzpfonfhtm;avsmfpGm vlrIa&;vHkjcHKcGifh
        22)
cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sd&rnf/ xdkYjyif rdrd udk,fydkift&nftaoG;ESifh udk,fydkif *kPfodu©mwdkYudk vGwfvyfpGm
wdk;wufzGHUjzdK;apa&;twGuf rvGJraoGvdktyfaom pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;ESifh ,Ofaus;rIqdkif&mtcGifhta&;rsm;udk
oabmaygufcH,lEdkif&ef tcGifhta&;rsm;&Sd&rnf/ xdkodkY oabmaygufcH,lEdkif&ef rdrdEdkifiH zGJUpnf;yHk? EdkifiH&Sd
t&if;tjrpf tiftm;rsm;ESifhvdkufavsmnDaxGjzpfonfh EdkifiHawmf MudK;yrf;aqmif&GufrIrsm;jzifhwrdsK;?
EdkifiHwum ylaygif;aqmif&GufrIjzifh wzHkaqmif&Guf&rnf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;wGifvlrIb0vHkjcHKa&;cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/
rdrdtwwfynmrsm;wdk;wufaprnfh tcGifhtvrf;rsm;udkvnf; cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/


tydk'f(23)           (u) vlwdkif; tvkyfvkyfcGifh? rdrdtvkyfudk rdrdvGwfvyfpGma&G;cs,fydkifcGifhESifh w&m;rQwí
oifhavQmfaomvkyfief;cGifudk a&G;cs,fcGifhESifh tvkyfvufrJhjzpf&jcif;rS umuG,frI&&SdcGifhrsm; cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
                     (c) vlwdkif;cGJjcm;rIr&SdbJ wlnDaomtvkyftwGuf wlnDaomtcaMu;aiGudk &&SdcHpm;ydkifcGifh
&Sdonf/
                     (*) tvkyfvkyfonfhvtwGif; rdrdESifhrdrdrdom;pktwGuf vlY*kPfodu©mESifh nDnGwfatmif
aexdkifpm;aomufEdkif&ef pdwfcsavmufonfhtjyif w&m;rQwí oifhwifhavsmufywfaom vpmcHpm;ydkifcGifh
&Sdonf/ vkdtyfygutjcm;enf;vrf;rsm;rS vlrIa&;taxmuftyHhrsm;udkvnf; xyfrH&ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
                     (C) vlwdkifrdrdtusdK;pD;yGm;udk umuG,f&ef tvkyform;or*¾rsm;zGJUpnf;ydkifcGifhESifh
0ifa&mufydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;oifhawmfaomvpmjzifh tvkyfvkyfydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
tvkyform;or*¾rsm;udk 0ifa&mufydkifcGifh&Sdonf/


tydk'f(24) vlwdkif; oifhwifhavsmufywfaom tvkyfcsdeftjyif tcgtm;avsmfpGm owfrSwfxm;aomvpmESifh
cGifh,lcGifhtygt0if tyef;ajz tem;,lcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;tyef;ajztem;,lcGifh&Sdonf/




Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                              6
MustardSeed


tydk'f(25)       (u)vlwdkif;onf rdrdESifhrdrdrdom;pk usef;rma&;ESifhwuG udk,fpdwfESpfjzm at;csrf;pGm
aexdkifEdkifa&;twGuf vdktyfaom tpm;tpm? t0wftpm;? tdk;tdrf? aq;0g;ypönf;ESifh tjcm;vdktyfaom
vlrIa&;axmuftyHhrsm;yg0ifaom oifhwifhavsmufywfonfh vlrItqifhtwef;udk &,lcHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/

xdkYjyif tvkyfvufrJhjzpfonfhtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? rusef;rrmjzpfonfhtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? udk,ft*Fg
rpGrf;roefjzpfaomtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? rdrdcifyGef; (odkYr[kwf) ZeD;aoqHk;oGm;aomtcgwGifvnf;aumif;?
touft&G,ftdkrif;vmaomtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? rdrdya,m*aMumifhr[kwfaom tvkyftudkifrJhjcif;udk
&ifqdkif&aomtcgwGifvnf;aumif; aexdkifpm;aomufa&;twGuf vHkjcHKpdwfcs&rI tcGifhta&;cHpm;ydkifcGifh
&Sdonf/

             (c)om;onfrdcifrsm;ESifhuav;i,frsm;udk txl;apmifha&Smufjcif;ESifhtultnDay;jcif;wkdYudk
ay;&rnf/ w&m;0ifvufxyfxdrf;jrm;jyD; arG;vmaomuav;jzpfap? w&m;r0ifarG;vmaom uav;yifjzpfap
wlnDaomvlrIumuG,fapmifha&Smufa&;udkcHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;vHkavmufaom              vlaerItqifhtwef;ESifh
aq;ukocHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/


tydk'f(26)     (u) vlwdkif; ynmoifMum;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tenf;qHk; rlvwef;ynmESifh tajccHtqihf
ynma&;onf tcrJhjzpfap&rnf/ rlvwef;ynmonf roifrae&jzpf&rnf/                pufrIvufrI ynmESifh
oufarG;0rf;aMumif;ynmrsm;udk a,bk,stm;jzifh vltrsm;oifMum;ydkifcGifh& &rnf/ txufwef;ynmESifh
tqifhjrifhynmrsm;udk t&nftcsif;tay:rlwnfí oifMum;Edkif&ef wlnDaomtcGifhtvrf; &&Sdap&rnf/

                     (c) ynma&;udk vlom;wdkYudk,fydkift&nftaoG;rsm;wdk;wufjzpfay:jynfh0vmap&efESifh
vlYtcGifhta&; tajccHvGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk av;pm;rIydkvmMuap&ef OD;wnfxm;&rnf/ ynma&;onf
wEdkifiHESifhwEdkifiH? vlrsdK;wrsdK;ESifh wrsdK;? bmoma&;toif;tzGJU wzGJUESifhwzGJUtMum; em;vnfrI?
oabmxm;MuD;rI? cspfMunf&if;ESD;rIwdkY wdk;wufjzpfay:vmap&efESifhurÇmhjidrf;csrf;a&; wnfwHhap&ef
ukvor*¾uwm0ef,laqmif&Gufaeaomvkyfiefrsm; t"GefY&Snfap&ef aqmifusOf;Edkif&rnf/
                     (*) rdbrsm;onfrdrdwdkY &ifaoG;rsm; oif,l&rnfh ynmtrsdK;tpm;ukda&G;cs,fEdkifaom
vufOD;tcGifhta&;&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;ynmoifcGifh&Sdonf/               rlvwef;ynmonf
roifrae&ESifh tcrJhjzpf&rnf/


tydk'f(27)
       27)     (u) vlwdkif;onf vlrItzGJUtpnf; ,Ofaus;rIb0wGif vGwfvyfpGmyg0ifydkifcGifh?
tEkynmokckrynm&yfrsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm vdkufpm;arGUavsmfEdkifcGifh? odyHÜynmxGef;um;a&; vkyfief;rsm;wGif
vGwfvyfpGm0ifa&mufvkyfudkifcGifhESifhxdkynm tusdK;tjrwfwdkYudk vGwfvyfpGmoHk;pGJydkifcGifh&Sdonf/
               (c) vlwdkif;onfrdrdudk,fydkifOmPfjzifh MuHpnfzefwD;rIrS jzpfxGef;vmaom odyHÜynmqdkif&m
wDxGifrIrsm;? pmayqkdif&m (odkYr[kwf) tEkynmqdkif&mzefwD;rIrsm;wdkY *kPfESifh&kyf0wÅKydkif;qdkif&m
tusdK;tjrwfrsm;udkcHpm;&,lEdkif&eftwGuf umuG,frIrsm; &&SdydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;rdrdywf0efusif ,Ofaus;rIb0wGif
yg0ifydkifcGifh&Sdonf/



Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                7
MustardSeed


tydk'f(28) vlwdkif; þpmwrf;wGif azmfjyxm;onfh tcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk
tjynfht0tav;xm; todtrSwfjyKaom vlrIqufqHa&;tajctaeESifh EdkifiHwumqufqHa&;tajctae
wdkY tusdK;aus;Zl;udkcHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; ,ckazmfjyygtcGifhta&;rsm; xGef;um;&ef
vdktyfaomtcsufrsm;udk av;pm;&efvdktyfonf/


tydk'f(29)  (u) vlom;wdkif;onf rdrdudk,fydkif t&nftaoG;udk wdk;wufjzpfay:jynfh0vmatmif
vGwfvGwfvyfvyf aqmif&GufrIay;Edkifaom vlYabmiftm; jyefvnfay;qyf&ef wm0ef0wÅ&m;&Sdonf/

                  (c) vlwOD;wa,mufonf rdrdtcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfrIudk &,l&mwGiftjcm;olrsm;
tcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk xdkufxdkufwefwef todtrSwfjyKav;pm;&rnf/ 'Drdkua&pDpepf
xGef;um;aom vlYtzGJUtpnf;wGifudk,fusifhw&m;aumif;rGefa&;? pnf;urf;ao0yfrI&Sda&;ESifh jynfolY
tusdK;pD;yGm;jzpfxGef;a&;wdkYtwGuf    w&m;rQwpGmusifhaqmif&eftwGuf         &nf&G,fíjyXmef;xm;aom
uefYoufcsufrsdK;udk vlwdkif;vkdufem&rnf/
                  (*) þtcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udkurÇmhukvor*¾ &nfrSef;csufESifh
tajccHrlrsm;tm; qefYusifaomudpö&yfrsm;wGif &,lusifhoHk;ydkifcGifh r&Sdap&/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; tjcm;olrsm; tcGihfta&;rsm;udk
av;pm;&rnf/
tydk'f(30) þpmwrf;yg tcGifhta&;rsm;ESihf vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk zsufvdkzsufqD;jzpfaprnfh vkyfief&yfrsm;tm;
rnfonfhEdkifiH? rnfonfhtzGJUtpnf;? rnfonfhvlyk*¾dKvfurS udk,fwdkifvkyfaqmifcGifh? yg0ifvkyfaqmifcGifh
r&SdaMumif;þaMunmpmwrf;u twdtvif;aMunmonf/

&Sif;vif;csuf/ / ,ckpmwrf;ygtcsufrsm;udk rnfolwOD;wa,muf
urS csdK;azmufjcif; rjyK&/




Translation Resource-HREIB




Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life.                                  8

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights Burmese Version

  • 1. MustardSeed tjynfjynfqdkif&m vlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf; 1948 ckESpf? 'DZifbmv (10) &ufaeYwGif urÇmhukvor*¾ taxGaxGnDvmcHMuD;u vlYtcGifhta&; aMunmpmwrf;udktwnfjyKjyXmef;vdkuf&m xdkaMunmpmwrf;MuD;pmom;rsm;onf aemufpmrsufESmrsm;wGif tjynfhtpHkyg&onf/ þuJhodkY ordkif;wGifrnfh aMunmcsufudk jyKvkyfjyD;aemuf þnDvmcHtpnf;ta0;MuD; u urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0iftm;vHk;tm; xdkaMunmpmwrf;MuD;pmom;udk trsm;jynfolwdkY Mum;odap&ef aMunmyg&ef taMumif;udkvnf;aumif;? xdkYjyif EdkifiHrsm;(odkYr[kwf)e,fajrrsm; EdkifiHa&;tqifhtwef; udkvdkufí cGJjcm;jcif;rjyKbJ t"dutm;jzifh pmoifausmif;rsm;ESifh tjcm;ynma&; tzGJUtpnf;rsm;wGif xdkaMunmpmwrf;MuD;udk jzefYcsDa0iSap&ef? jrifomatmif jyoxm;&ef? zwfMum;ap&efESifh t"dyÜm,f&Sif;vif; azmfjyap&efaqmif&Gufygap&ef taMumif;udkvnf;aumif; qifhqdkvdkufonf/ tzGifhpum;csD; vlcyfodrf;ukefwdkY rsdK;&dk;*kPfodu©mESihfwuG vlwdkif;tnDtrQ cHpm;cGifh&Sdonhf tcGifhta&;rsm;udk todtrSwfjyKjcif;onf vlcyfodrf;wdkY vGwfvyfrI? w&m;rQwrIESifh jidrf;csrf;rIwdkYtajccHtkwfjrpfjzpf aomaMumihfvnf;aumif;? vlYtcGihfta&;rsm;udk ta&;rxm;rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;onf vlcyfodrf;wdkY tusifhodu©mudk csdK;azmufzsufqD; wwfonfh &ufpufMurf;MuKwfaom tjyKtrlrsm;udk jzpfay:apcJhaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;? vGwfvyfpGm xkwfazmfajymqdkcGifh? vGwfvyfpGmouf0if,HkMunfcGihf? awmif;wjcif;? aMumihfusjcif;wdkYrSuif;vGwfpGm toufarG;EdkifrIwdkYudkcHpm;&,lEdkifaprnfhavmuwck ay:aygufvm&efta&;udk vlcyfodrf;wdkYu rdrdwdkY txufoefqHk;aomvdkvm;csufqE´MuD;tjzpfjzifh a<u;aMumfaMunmjyD;jzpfaomaMumifh vnf;aumif;? vlcyfodrf;wdkUonf w&m;rJhtkyfcsKyfrI? zdESdyfrIwdkYudk aemufqHk;rvTJomra&Smifomawmhojzifh vufeufpGJudkif awmfvSefjcif;? ykefuefjcif;rsm;rjyKap&ef? vlUtcGihfta&;rsm;udkOya'jzifh xdef;odrf;umuG,fay;&rnf jzpfaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;? EdkifiHtcsif;csif; cifrif&if;ESD;pGmqufqHa&;udk ydkrdkwdk;wufap&ef MuHaqmif &rnfjzpfaomaMumihfvnf;aumif;? urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0ifEdkifiHrsm;onf rlvtcGifhta&;rsm;udk vnf;aumif;? vl*kPfodu©mudkvnf;aumif;? trsdK;om; trsdK;orD;wdkY wlnDaomtcGihfta&;rsm;udk vnf;aumif;? av;pm;,HkMunfouf0ifygonf[k ukvor*¾wGif xyfavmif;twnfjyKjyD;onfhtjyif vlrIMuD;yGm; wdk;wufa&;ESifhwuGudkrdkvGwfvyfaomvlYb0tqifhtwef;wdkYudk jrSifhwif&ef oH"dXmefcsjyD;jzpf aomaMumihfvnf;aumif;/ urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0ifEdkifiHwdkUonf ukvor*¾EdkifiHrsm;yl;aygif;í vlYtcGihfta&;rsm;udkvnf;aumif;? tajccHvGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udkvnf;aumif;? urÇmw0Srf;vHk;wGif&Sdaom av;pm;usifhoHk; apmihfpnf;Mujcif;udk tm;ay;axmufcHrnf[k uwdjyKjyD;jzpfaomaMumifhvnf;aumif;/ xdkodkY tajctaersdK;wdkYwGifxdktcGifhta&;rsm; vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk tm;vHk;em;vnfoabmayguf&ef ta&;tMuD;qHk;jzpfaomaMumifh vnf;aumif;/ xdkYaMumifh taxGaxGnDvmcHonf- tjynfjynfqdkif&m vlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf;udk vlwdkif;tzGJUtpnf; wdkif;uESvHk;oGif;íurÇmw0Srf;wGif tqkdygtcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk&dkaoav;pm;Mu&ef qHk;r oGefoifjcif;jzifhtm;xkwfMu&rnf[kvnf;aumif;? urÇmhukvor*¾tzGJU0if EdkifiHrsm;ESifh xdkEdkifiHwdkY jynfolrsm;tm;tqdkygtcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfcGihfrsm;udkus,fus,fjyefUjyefYxda&mufpGm usifhoHk;apmifhpnf; Muap&ef jynfwGif;jynfyqdkif&m wdk;wufaomaqmif&Gufcsufrsm;jzifhtm;xkwfMu&rnf[kvnf;aumif; &nf&G,fjyD;vQif tjynfjynfqdkif&mvlYtcGifhta&; aMunmpmwrf;udkEdkifiHcyfodrf;? vlcyfodrf;wdkY wajy;nDpGm aqmif&GufMuEdkifapa&;twGuf ,ckaMunmpmwrf;udkxkwfjyefvdkufonf/ Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 1
  • 2. MustardSeed tjynfjynfqdkif&m vlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf; tydk'f(1) vlom;wdkif;onf vGwfvyfí wef;wlnDaom *kPfodu©mESifh tcGifhta&;rsm;jzifh arG;zGm;vmol jzpfonf/ xdkvlom;wkdYonf qifjcifwHkw&m;ESifh usifh0wfudk wm0efodwwfaompdwfwdkY&SdMuí wOD;ESifhwOD; nD&if;tudk? armif&if;ESrpdwfjzifh qufqHoifhonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;vGwfvyfrI&SdMujyD; wef;wlnDrI&Sdonf/ tydk'f(2) vlom;wdkif; þvlYtcGifhta&;aMunmpmwrf;wGif azmfjyxm;onfh tcGihfta&;rsm;tm;vHk; vGwfvyfcGihfrsm;tm;vHk;udk ydkifqdkifcHpm;cGifh &Sdonf/ vlrsdK;? tom;ta&mif? vdif? bmompum;? udk;uG,fonfhbmom? EdkifiHa&;t,ltq(odkUr[kwf) tjcm;,lqcsuf? EdkifiHa&;(odkUr[kwf)vlrIa&;Zpfjrpf? ypönf;Opöm? rsdK;&dk;Zmwd? tjcm;tqifhtwef;tm;jzifh cGJjcmjcif;r&Sdap&/ xdkYjyif vlom;wOD;rSDwif;aexdkif&m EdkifiH(odkUr[kwf) e,fajra'onf vGwfvyfaomwdkif;jynf onf tcsKyftcsmtmPmydkifaom vGwfvyfaomEdkifiH(odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap? tapmifhta&SmufcHe,fajr (odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfa&;r&SdaomEdkifiH (odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap(odkYr[kwf) tcsKyftcsm tmPmESifh ywfoufí tjcm;aomabmifwGif; uefYowfcsufrsm;&SdaeaomEdkifiH (odkUr[kwf) a'ojzpfap? ,ck vlYtcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh ywfoufí cGJjcm;rI vHk;0r&Sdap&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / tom;ta&mif? vdif? udk;uG,fonfhbmom? bmompum;wdkYaMumifh cGJjcm;jcif;r&Sdap&/ tydk'f(3) vlwdkif;wGif touf&Sif&yfwnfcGifh? vGwfvyfcGifhESifhvHkjcHKcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;wGif touf&Sif&yfwnfcGifh? vGwfvyfcGifhESifh vHkjcHKcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(4) rnfolurSuRefjyKjcif;? taptyg;tjzpf EkdifxufpD;eif;apcdkif;jcif; r&Sdap&/ vlom;wdkYudk aus;uRefozG,fapcdkif;jcif;? a&mif;0,fjcif;ESifh xdkoabmoufa&mufapaom yHkpHorQ ydwfyifwm;jrpf&rnf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfolYudkrS uReftjzpfqufqH a&mif;0,fjcif;rjyK&/ tydk'f(5) rnfolurS ESdyfpufnSOf;yef;jcif; (odkYr[kwf) &ufpufMurf;MuKwf vlrqefpGm *kPfi,fapaom qufqHjcif;jzifh rqufqH&/ odkYr[kwf tjypfay;jcif; rjyK&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfoludkrS ESdyfpufjcif;rjyK&/ Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 2
  • 3. MustardSeed tydk'f(6) vlwdkif;ae&mra&G; Oya'a&SUarSmufwGif vlom;tjzpf todtrSwfjyKjcif;cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ /vlwdkif;w&m;Oya'a&SUwGif vlom;tjzpf todtrSwfjyKcH&rnf/ tydk'f(7) vlwdkif; w&m;Oya'a&SUarSmufwGif wajy;nDwlnDMujyD; w&m;Oya'umuG,frIudk cGJjcm;rIr&Sd wlnDrItjynfh apmifha&Smuf cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ þaMunmpmwrf;ygtcsufrsm;udk zDqefqefYusifonfh rnfonfhcGJjcm;rIrsdK; (odkYr[kwf) xdkodkYcGJjcm;rIrsm;udef;atmif;apatmif vIHUaqmfrIrsdK;rS uif;vGwfap&ef tumtuG,fudk wlnDpGm cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;w&m;Oya'a&SUwGif ausmom;&ifom;rcGJjcm;bJ wef;wlnDwl&Sdonf/ tydk'f(8) vlwdkif; rdrdwdkYtm; tajccHOya'(odkYr[kwf) Oya't& tyfESif;xm;aom tajccHtcGifhta&;rsm;udk csdK;azmufcH&onfhtcg EdkifiHawmfw&m;pD&ifa&;&Hk;rsm;wGif xda&mufaom ta&;,lukpm;rIrsm; cH,lydkifcGifh&Sd onf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ /vlwdkif; tcGifhta&;rsm;av;pm;rcH&onfhtcg Oya' tultnDudk awmif;cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(9) rnfolurS w&m;vufvGwf taMumif;rJhzrf;qD;jcif;? xdefodrf;csKyfaESmifxm;jcif;(odkYr[kwf) wdkif;jynfrS ESifxkwfjcif;rjyKvkyf&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfolurS rw&m;zrf;qD;jcif;? wdkif;jynfrS ESifxkwfjcif; rjyK&/ tydk'f(10) vlwa,muftcGifhta&;ESifh wm0ef0wå&m;rsm;ESifh ywfowfívnf;aumif;? pGJcsufwifvmaom jypfrIrsm;ESifh ywfoufívnf;aumif; tqHk;tjzwfcH,l&mwGif vlwdkif;onf vGwfvyfí bufrvdkufaom w&m;pD&ifrI? &Hk;awmfwGif vltrsm;wufa&muf Mum;emEdkifaom ppfaq;rIrsdK;udkwlnDpGm cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;w&m;rQwí vltrsm;Mum;emEdkifaom w&m;pD&ifrI udk cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(11) (u)w&m;Oya'csdK;azmufonfhtrIjzifh w&m;pGJqdkjcif; cH&olwdkif;onf rdrdudk,frdrd umuG,fEdkif&ef vdktyfaomaqmif&Gufp&mrsm;udk aqmif&GufEdkifcGihftjynfht0&&SdjyD; vltrsm;a&SUwGif Oya'twdkif; ppfaq;í tjypfusL;vGefonf[k xif&Sm;jyD; pD&ifcsuf twdtusrcsrcsif; xdkvlwGiftjypfr&Sd [k cH,lydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ (c)wpHkwa,muf vkyfaqmifcJhaom tjyKtrlESifhpyfvsOf;í xdktjyKtrljyKvkyfcJhpOf tcsdeftcgu xkwfjyefxm;aomEdkifiHawmf (odkYr[kwf) EdkifiHwumqdkif&mOya't& jidpGef;aomjypfrIwck tjzpf cdkifcdkifvHkvHk rwifjyEdkifcJhvQif xdkoltm; tqdkygtjyKtrltwGuf tjypf&Sdonf[kr,lqEdkif/ xdkYtwl Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 3
  • 4. MustardSeed usL;vGefaomjypfrItwGuf jypfrIusL;vGefpOftcgu xdkufoifhapEdkifaom tjypf'Pfxuf ydkrdkMuD;av;aom tjypf'Pfay;jcif; r&Sdap&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwa,muftay:tjypf&Sdonf[kcdkifvHkaom pD&ifcsuf rcsrcsif; xdkolonf tjypfr&Sd[k ,lq&rnf/ tydk'f(12) rnfol udk,fa&;udk,fwmudprsm;?rdom;pkESifh oufqdkifaomudprsm;? aetdrfESifhpmay;pm,l ö ö udpörsm;wdkYudkrS Oya't&r[kwfaom 0ifa&mufpGufzufrIrcHap&/ xdkYtjyif xdkol*kPfodu©mudk ykwfcwfydkifcGifhr&Sd/ vlwdkif;wGifxdkodkY pGufzufjcif;rSaomfvnf;aumif;? ykwfcwfcH&jcif;udkaomfvnf;aumif; Oya't& umuG,fydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / raumif;aom&nf&G,fcsufrsm;jzifh tjcm;ol tdrftwGif;odkY0ifa&mufjcif; pmrsm;azmufzwfjcif;rsm; rjyKvkyf&/ tydk'f(13) (u) vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynfe,fedrdwf tydkif;tjcm;twGif;vGwfvyfpGm oGm;vma&TUajymif;? aexdkifcGihf&Sdonf/ (c) vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynftygt0if tjcm;rnfonfh wdkif;jynfudkrqdk xGufcGmcGifhESifh rdrdwdkif;jynfodkY jyefvmcGihf&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynftwGif;vGwfvyfpGm vIyf&Sm;oGm;vmcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(14) (u) vlwdkif; rw&m;tjypfay;ESdyfpufrIrS vGwfajrmuf&ef tjcm;wkdif;jynfrsm;wGif cdkvIHcGifh awmif;cHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ (c) EdkifiHa&;ESifh roufqdkifaom jypfrIrsdK;(odkYr[kwf) ukvor*¾&nfrSef;csufrl0g'rsm;udk zDqefqefYusifaom jypfrIrsdK;udk trSefwu,f usL;vGefaomaMumifh tusdK;quftjzpf ay:aygufvmaom ta&;,lrIrsdK;jzpfyguþtydk'fyg tcGifhta&;ESifh tMuHK;0ifrIr&Sday/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / rnfolrqdk rw&m;tjypfay;cH&awmhrnfhtajctaersdK;a&mufygu tjcm;EdkifiHwEdkifiHwGif cdkvIHcGifhawmif;cHydkifcGihf&Sdonf/ tydk'f(15) (u)vlwdkif; EdkifiHwEdkifiH EdkifiHom;jzpfydkifcGihf&Sdonf/ (c)rnfolurS 4if; EkdifiHom;jzpfrIrS aMumif;usdK;rJh ypfy,fcGihfr&Sdap&/ xdkolEdkifiHom; tjzpf ajymif;vJydkifcGifhudkvnf; jiif;y,fjcif;r&Sdap&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; EdkifiHwEdkifiHwGif EdkifiHom;jzpfydkifcGihf&Sdonf/ qE´t& tjcm;EdkifiHom;tjzpf ulajymif;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(16) (u) t&G,fa&mufjyD;aom trsdK;om;ESifh trdsK;orD;wdkif;onf vlrdsK;? wdkif;&if;om; (odkYr[kwf) bmoma&;tMumif;jyKí csKyfcs,fuefYowfjcif;r&Sdap&bJ vufxyfcGihfESifh rdom;pkxlaxmif Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 4
  • 5. MustardSeed ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ vufxyfxdrf;jrm;csdef? aygif;oif;csdefESifh tdrfaxmifjydKuGJonfhtcsdefrsm;wGif vufxyf xdrfjrm;jcif;ESifh ywfowfí xdktrsdK;om;ESifh trsdK;om;wdkYwGifwlnDaom tcGifhta&;rsm;&Sdonf/ (c) &nf&G,fxm;aom owdkYom;ESifh owdkYorD;wdkY vGwfvyfaomoabmqE´udk tjynfht0&,lrSom vufxyfxdrfjrm;jcif; jyK&rnf/ (*) rdom;pkb0onf vlYtzGJUtpnf; obm0usaom? tajccHusaom tpdwftydkif; wckjzpfonf/ rdom;pkb0rsm;udk umuG,fay;&ef vlYtzGJYtpnf;ESifh tpdk;&wdkYu wm0ef&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / t&G,fa&mufjyD;aomvlwdkif;vufxyfxdrfjrm;ydkifcGifhESifh rdom;pkxlaxmifcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(17) (u) vlwdkif;onf "eypönf;rsm;udk rdrdwOD;csif;jzpfap? tjcm;olrsm;ESifh zufpyfíjzpfap ydkifqdkifcGihf&Sdonf/ (c) rnfolwOD;wa,mufudk,fydkifypönf;udkrS Oya'aMumif;usdK;rJhodrf;ydkufjcif;r&Sdap&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; udk,fydkifypönf;ydkifqdkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(18) vlwdkif;vGwfvyfpGm awG;ac:cGifh? vGwfvyfpGm cH,l&yfwnfydkifcGifhESifh vGwfvyfpGmudk;uG,fcGifh &Sdonf/ þvkyfydkifcGifht& rdrdudk;uG,faombmomudk(odkYr[kwf) ouf0if,HkMunfcsufudk vGwfvyfpGm ajymif;vJydkifcGihf&Sdonf/ xdkYjyif rdrdwOD;wnf;aomfvnf;aumif;? tjcm;olrsm;ESifhpkaygif;íaomfvnf;aumif; trsm;a&SS SUwGifjzpfap (odkYr[kwf) rdrdoD;oefYwGifjzpfaprdrdudk;uG,f,HkMunfrI (odkYr[kwf) bmomudk vGwfvyfpGmoifjyEdkifcGifh? usifhoHk;cGifh? 0wfjyKudk;uG,fcGifhESifh aqmufwnfcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;vGwfvyfpGmudk;uG,f,HkMunfcGifh&SdjyD; qE´&Sdygu tjcm;bmomodkY ulajymif;udk;uG,fcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(19) vlwdkif;vGwfvyfpGmxifjrif,lqydkifcGifhESifh vGwfvyfpGm zGifh[wifjyydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ xdktcGifhta&;rsm;t& rdrdwifjycsufrsm;udk taESmifht,Suft[efYtwm;r&Sd cH,lusifhoHk;ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/ e,fajrydkif;jcm;rIr&SdbJ owif;pme,fZif;rsm;rSwqifh owif;rsm;? t,ltqrsm;udk &SmazGqnf;yl;cGifh? vufcHydkifcGifhESifh jzefYjzL;ydkifcGihfwdkY&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;rdrd,lqcsufrsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm azmfxkwfwifjycGifh &SdjyD; owif;rsm;udk &,lydkifcGifhvnf;&Sdonf/ tydk'f(20) vlwdkif;jidrf;csrf;pGm vlpkvla0; pka0;ydkifcGifhESifh toif;tzJGUrsm;xlaxmifzGJUpnf;ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/ rnfolurS 4if;qE´oabmxm; rygbJ tzGJUtpnf;wckodkY0if&ef twif;tMuyfrjyK&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; jidrf;csrf;aomenf;jzifh zGJUxm;aom tzGJUrsm;udk 0ifa&mufcGifh&Sdonf/ Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 5
  • 6. MustardSeed tydk'f(21) (u) vlwdkif; rdrdwdkif;jynftkyfcsKyfa&;vkyfief;rsm;wGif wdkuf&dkufaomfvnf;aumif;? vGwfvyfpGma&G;cs,fwifajrSmufxm;onfh udk,fpm;vS,frsm;rSwqifh aomfvnf;aumif; yg0ifaqmif&Guf ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ (c) vlwdkif; rdrdwdkif;jynftwGif;&Sd jynfolY0efxrf;tzGJU vkyfief;rsm;wGif0ifa&mufEdkif&ef wlnDaom tcGifhtvrf;rsm;&Sdonf/ (*) tpdk&tmPmonf jynfolvlxkqE´tay:wGiftajccH&rnf/ jynfolYqE´rsm;udk tcsdefydkif;jcm;vsuf usif;yay;onfh ppfrSefaom a&G;aumufyGJrsm;jzifh azmfxkwfap&rnf/ a&G;aumufyGJrsm;wGif vlwdkif;tnDtrQ rJay;EdkifcGifh &Sd&rnfhtjyif xdka&G;aumufyGJrsm;udk vQdKU0SufrJay;pepf jzifhjzpfap? tvm;wl vGwfvyfaomrJay;pepfjzifhjzpfap usif;y&rnf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;rdrdwdkif;jynf tpdk;&udk rdrdqE´jzihfa&G;cs,f wifajrSmufydkifcGihf&Sdonf/ tydk'f(22) vlom;wdkif;onf vltzGJUtpnf; tzGJU0ifwpfa,mufjzpfonfhtm;avsmfpGm vlrIa&;vHkjcHKcGifh 22) cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sd&rnf/ xdkYjyif rdrd udk,fydkift&nftaoG;ESifh udk,fydkif *kPfodu©mwdkYudk vGwfvyfpGm wdk;wufzGHUjzdK;apa&;twGuf rvGJraoGvdktyfaom pD;yGm;a&;? vlrIa&;ESifh ,Ofaus;rIqdkif&mtcGifhta&;rsm;udk oabmaygufcH,lEdkif&ef tcGifhta&;rsm;&Sd&rnf/ xdkodkY oabmaygufcH,lEdkif&ef rdrdEdkifiH zGJUpnf;yHk? EdkifiH&Sd t&if;tjrpf tiftm;rsm;ESifhvdkufavsmnDaxGjzpfonfh EdkifiHawmf MudK;yrf;aqmif&GufrIrsm;jzifhwrdsK;? EdkifiHwum ylaygif;aqmif&GufrIjzifh wzHkaqmif&Guf&rnf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;wGifvlrIb0vHkjcHKa&;cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ rdrdtwwfynmrsm;wdk;wufaprnfh tcGifhtvrf;rsm;udkvnf; cHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(23) (u) vlwdkif; tvkyfvkyfcGifh? rdrdtvkyfudk rdrdvGwfvyfpGma&G;cs,fydkifcGifhESifh w&m;rQwí oifhavQmfaomvkyfief;cGifudk a&G;cs,fcGifhESifh tvkyfvufrJhjzpf&jcif;rS umuG,frI&&SdcGifhrsm; cHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ (c) vlwdkif;cGJjcm;rIr&SdbJ wlnDaomtvkyftwGuf wlnDaomtcaMu;aiGudk &&SdcHpm;ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/ (*) tvkyfvkyfonfhvtwGif; rdrdESifhrdrdrdom;pktwGuf vlY*kPfodu©mESifh nDnGwfatmif aexdkifpm;aomufEdkif&ef pdwfcsavmufonfhtjyif w&m;rQwí oifhwifhavsmufywfaom vpmcHpm;ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/ vkdtyfygutjcm;enf;vrf;rsm;rS vlrIa&;taxmuftyHhrsm;udkvnf; xyfrH&ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ (C) vlwdkifrdrdtusdK;pD;yGm;udk umuG,f&ef tvkyform;or*¾rsm;zGJUpnf;ydkifcGifhESifh 0ifa&mufydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;oifhawmfaomvpmjzifh tvkyfvkyfydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tvkyform;or*¾rsm;udk 0ifa&mufydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(24) vlwdkif; oifhwifhavsmufywfaom tvkyfcsdeftjyif tcgtm;avsmfpGm owfrSwfxm;aomvpmESifh cGifh,lcGifhtygt0if tyef;ajz tem;,lcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;tyef;ajztem;,lcGifh&Sdonf/ Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 6
  • 7. MustardSeed tydk'f(25) (u)vlwdkif;onf rdrdESifhrdrdrdom;pk usef;rma&;ESifhwuG udk,fpdwfESpfjzm at;csrf;pGm aexdkifEdkifa&;twGuf vdktyfaom tpm;tpm? t0wftpm;? tdk;tdrf? aq;0g;ypönf;ESifh tjcm;vdktyfaom vlrIa&;axmuftyHhrsm;yg0ifaom oifhwifhavsmufywfonfh vlrItqifhtwef;udk &,lcHpm;cGifh&Sdonf/ xdkYjyif tvkyfvufrJhjzpfonfhtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? rusef;rrmjzpfonfhtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? udk,ft*Fg rpGrf;roefjzpfaomtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? rdrdcifyGef; (odkYr[kwf) ZeD;aoqHk;oGm;aomtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? touft&G,ftdkrif;vmaomtcgwGifvnf;aumif;? rdrdya,m*aMumifhr[kwfaom tvkyftudkifrJhjcif;udk &ifqdkif&aomtcgwGifvnf;aumif; aexdkifpm;aomufa&;twGuf vHkjcHKpdwfcs&rI tcGifhta&;cHpm;ydkifcGifh &Sdonf/ (c)om;onfrdcifrsm;ESifhuav;i,frsm;udk txl;apmifha&Smufjcif;ESifhtultnDay;jcif;wkdYudk ay;&rnf/ w&m;0ifvufxyfxdrf;jrm;jyD; arG;vmaomuav;jzpfap? w&m;r0ifarG;vmaom uav;yifjzpfap wlnDaomvlrIumuG,fapmifha&Smufa&;udkcHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;vHkavmufaom vlaerItqifhtwef;ESifh aq;ukocHydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tydk'f(26) (u) vlwdkif; ynmoifMum;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ tenf;qHk; rlvwef;ynmESifh tajccHtqihf ynma&;onf tcrJhjzpfap&rnf/ rlvwef;ynmonf roifrae&jzpf&rnf/ pufrIvufrI ynmESifh oufarG;0rf;aMumif;ynmrsm;udk a,bk,stm;jzifh vltrsm;oifMum;ydkifcGifh& &rnf/ txufwef;ynmESifh tqifhjrifhynmrsm;udk t&nftcsif;tay:rlwnfí oifMum;Edkif&ef wlnDaomtcGifhtvrf; &&Sdap&rnf/ (c) ynma&;udk vlom;wdkYudk,fydkift&nftaoG;rsm;wdk;wufjzpfay:jynfh0vmap&efESifh vlYtcGifhta&; tajccHvGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk av;pm;rIydkvmMuap&ef OD;wnfxm;&rnf/ ynma&;onf wEdkifiHESifhwEdkifiH? vlrsdK;wrsdK;ESifh wrsdK;? bmoma&;toif;tzGJU wzGJUESifhwzGJUtMum; em;vnfrI? oabmxm;MuD;rI? cspfMunf&if;ESD;rIwdkY wdk;wufjzpfay:vmap&efESifhurÇmhjidrf;csrf;a&; wnfwHhap&ef ukvor*¾uwm0ef,laqmif&Gufaeaomvkyfiefrsm; t"GefY&Snfap&ef aqmifusOf;Edkif&rnf/ (*) rdbrsm;onfrdrdwdkY &ifaoG;rsm; oif,l&rnfh ynmtrsdK;tpm;ukda&G;cs,fEdkifaom vufOD;tcGifhta&;&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;ynmoifcGifh&Sdonf/ rlvwef;ynmonf roifrae&ESifh tcrJhjzpf&rnf/ tydk'f(27) 27) (u) vlwdkif;onf vlrItzGJUtpnf; ,Ofaus;rIb0wGif vGwfvyfpGmyg0ifydkifcGifh? tEkynmokckrynm&yfrsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm vdkufpm;arGUavsmfEdkifcGifh? odyHÜynmxGef;um;a&; vkyfief;rsm;wGif vGwfvyfpGm0ifa&mufvkyfudkifcGifhESifhxdkynm tusdK;tjrwfwdkYudk vGwfvyfpGmoHk;pGJydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ (c) vlwdkif;onfrdrdudk,fydkifOmPfjzifh MuHpnfzefwD;rIrS jzpfxGef;vmaom odyHÜynmqdkif&m wDxGifrIrsm;? pmayqkdif&m (odkYr[kwf) tEkynmqdkif&mzefwD;rIrsm;wdkY *kPfESifh&kyf0wÅKydkif;qdkif&m tusdK;tjrwfrsm;udkcHpm;&,lEdkif&eftwGuf umuG,frIrsm; &&SdydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif;rdrdywf0efusif ,Ofaus;rIb0wGif yg0ifydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 7
  • 8. MustardSeed tydk'f(28) vlwdkif; þpmwrf;wGif azmfjyxm;onfh tcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk tjynfht0tav;xm; todtrSwfjyKaom vlrIqufqHa&;tajctaeESifh EdkifiHwumqufqHa&;tajctae wdkY tusdK;aus;Zl;udkcHpm;ydkifcGifh&Sdonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; ,ckazmfjyygtcGifhta&;rsm; xGef;um;&ef vdktyfaomtcsufrsm;udk av;pm;&efvdktyfonf/ tydk'f(29) (u) vlom;wdkif;onf rdrdudk,fydkif t&nftaoG;udk wdk;wufjzpfay:jynfh0vmatmif vGwfvGwfvyfvyf aqmif&GufrIay;Edkifaom vlYabmiftm; jyefvnfay;qyf&ef wm0ef0wÅ&m;&Sdonf/ (c) vlwOD;wa,mufonf rdrdtcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfrIudk &,l&mwGiftjcm;olrsm; tcGifhta&;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk xdkufxdkufwefwef todtrSwfjyKav;pm;&rnf/ 'Drdkua&pDpepf xGef;um;aom vlYtzGJUtpnf;wGifudk,fusifhw&m;aumif;rGefa&;? pnf;urf;ao0yfrI&Sda&;ESifh jynfolY tusdK;pD;yGm;jzpfxGef;a&;wdkYtwGuf w&m;rQwpGmusifhaqmif&eftwGuf &nf&G,fíjyXmef;xm;aom uefYoufcsufrsdK;udk vlwdkif;vkdufem&rnf/ (*) þtcGifhta&;rsm;ESifh vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udkurÇmhukvor*¾ &nfrSef;csufESifh tajccHrlrsm;tm; qefYusifaomudpö&yfrsm;wGif &,lusifhoHk;ydkifcGifh r&Sdap&/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / vlwdkif; tjcm;olrsm; tcGihfta&;rsm;udk av;pm;&rnf/ tydk'f(30) þpmwrf;yg tcGifhta&;rsm;ESihf vGwfvyfcGifhrsm;udk zsufvdkzsufqD;jzpfaprnfh vkyfief&yfrsm;tm; rnfonfhEdkifiH? rnfonfhtzGJUtpnf;? rnfonfhvlyk*¾dKvfurS udk,fwdkifvkyfaqmifcGifh? yg0ifvkyfaqmifcGifh r&SdaMumif;þaMunmpmwrf;u twdtvif;aMunmonf/ &Sif;vif;csuf/ / ,ckpmwrf;ygtcsufrsm;udk rnfolwOD;wa,muf urS csdK;azmufjcif; rjyK&/ Translation Resource-HREIB Working to promote justice, end poverty and improve the quality of life. 8