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'Contraception' 2014


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An informative presentation on 'Contraception', it also gives information on some types of contraceptive methods that people may use.

Hope this presentation teaches or helps you.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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'Contraception' 2014

  1. 1. ‘Contraception’ By Jimmy PAN 2014
  2. 2. What is contraception? Contraception is a term given to prevent pregnancy or conception. It is also known as birth control or fertility control. This is to prevent the male sperm and the females ovary from contact which intercepts with pregnancy. Both partners are responsible to take the necessary options of contraception for prevention of an unwanted or unplanned pregnancy. There are many contraceptive options and methods available in Australia to help.
  3. 3. Male Condom The male condom is the most common method of contraception used by teenagers. The male condom is latex that covers the fully erect penis which collects semen and prevents the sperm from entering the vagina. Non-latex condoms are also available. A condom needs to be used every time you have sexual intercourse, putting it on before you have any contact between the penis and the vagina. This can be 95-97% effective if it is used correctly. You must be cautious, if the condom is expired, placed in a wallet or pocket for a certain amount of time, heat or tearing in the centre when opening could cause the latex to be punctured. Thus causing semen to spill out of the condom when used. This can be ineffective and can cause pregnancy. Condoms do not need to be specially prescribed. It is relatively inexpensive and can be purchased at pharmacies, supermarkets, petrol stations, chemists or vending machines.
  4. 4. Male Condom
  5. 5. Female Condom The female condom is similar to the male condom. It is made out of loose polyurethane which is much stronger than the latex from the male condom. The female condom is a sheath with a flexible ring at each side. This can be inserted in the vagina several hours before having sexual intercourse. It works by collecting the semen to prevent the sperm from entering the vagina. This method has no known side effects. If the female condom is inserted and used correctly each time it can be 95-97% effective. The female condom can also protect you from STI’s by stopping the bodily fluids from being shared between the partners, but must be in place before the penis and vagina touch. You must be cautious about how you insert the female condom, if it is expired or placed into an pocket, wallet, left in a hot area etc. All these could effect how the female condom stops the sperm from getting into the vagina. The female condom does not need to be prescribed and can be purchased from Family Planning clinic’s, some retailed outlets, sexual health clinic’s and some pharmacies.
  6. 6. Female Condom
  7. 7. Combined Pill The combined pill contains a synthetic versions of the hormones oestrogen and progesterone which are similar hormones that naturally occur in females. This pill works by stopping the female from ovulating which is a process in the females uterus where it releases an egg each month. The pill thickens the cervix so that it can prevent sperm from getting through and also changes the lining of the uterus so fertilised eggs cannot be implanted. The pills need to be taken regularly depending on the pack you have. With this method, it may cause mood changes, headaches, nausea, mild fluid retention, breast tenderness and skin changes. All of these side effects will usually settle over time. If taken as instructed, the combined pill is 98-99% effective in preventing pregnancy. You must be cautious about remembering when to take the pills for the full effect of preventing pregnancy and to take it daily as instructed. This method of contraception does not protect you from StI’s. The combined pill needs to be prescribed from a doctor and needs to be renewed regularly. Costs can be an issue as well.
  8. 8. Combined Pill
  9. 9. Emergency Contraception The emergency contraception method is sometimes necessary for preventing pregnancy after sex. It is used mainly after, rather than before to prevent the pregnancy if a condom breaks, a pill is forgotten or rape. The emergency contraception is also known as the ‘morning after pill’, which contains a synthetic hormone progestogen that has higher doses than the combined pill. It works by delaying the ovulation and changes the lining of the uterus. This method causes most women to have their period within six days of normal, may cause irregular bleeding and rarely causes nausea or vomiting. This contraceptive method is most effective if it is taken as soon as possible. This should be taken within 120 hours from unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. You must be cautious about the time you take this method as instructed to prevent pregnancies effectively. The emergency contraception cannot protect you from STI’s. This method does not require a prescription and so you can get it from the emergency department of some hospitals or chemists.
  10. 10. Emergency Contraception
  11. 11. Vaginal Ring The vaginal ring contains similar hormones to the combined pill which are progestogen and oestrogen. This method also works the same way, the hormones from the ring are released after inserting the flexible rubber ring inside the vagina. The hormones are then absorbed through the vaginal walls which stops ovulation and changes the lining of the uterus which prevents fertilised eggs from being implanted. This method may cause mood changes, headaches, mild fluid retention, breast tenderness and skin changes. All these side effects will style over time. This contraceptive method is 98-99% effective if it is used as instructed. This works better than the combined pill by saving the time to remember taking the pill. You must be cautious on how you insert the flexible rubber ring, if it is not inserted correctly, the method will not work as well. You also have to take notice of when you need to replace it with another one. The vaginal ring does not protect you from STI’s. The vaginal ring needs a prescription from a doctor.
  12. 12. Vaginal Ring
  13. 13. By Jimmy PAN 2014