Plenary Session<br />Average Learners, High Achievement: The Case of Mathematics Learning <br /> <br />Dr Yeap Ban Har<br ...
Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />International Studies<br />
Students in Singapore have demonstrated high achievement and positive attitude towards mathematics. <br />In Trends in Mat...
Average<br />Hong Kong<br />Singapore<br />S. Korea<br />Taiwan<br />TIMSS<br />Trends in International Mathematics and Sc...
TIMSS<br />Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies<br />Grade  4   1995<br />Grade  8   1999<br />Advanced...
TIMSS<br />Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies<br />Grade  4   2003<br />Grade  8   2007<br />Grade  4...
The attitude index for Singapore students in TIMSS is also relatively high compared to other high-performing countries. <b...
Attitude<br />Achievement<br />Singapore<br />71<br />41<br />Grade 4<br />Hong Kong<br />67<br />40<br />Taiwan<br />50<b...
Attitude<br />Achievement<br />Taiwan<br />37<br />45<br />Grade 8<br />S Korea<br />33<br />40<br />Singapore<br />60<br ...
High achievement was not a given. In 1960, among 30 615 candidates who sat for the first Primary School Leaving Examinatio...
Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />Focus of School Mathematics<br />
Wellington Primary School<br />rationale<br />The rationale of teaching mathematics is that it is “a good vehicle for the ...
Thinking Schools Learning Nations<br />This initiative was introduced in 1997. Since then Ministry of Education in Singapo...
National Examination<br />Singapore has six years of compulsory primary education. The Primary School Leaving Examination ...
Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were u...
A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were u...
A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were u...
A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were u...
A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were u...
Archipelschool<br />De Tweemaster – Kameleon<br />The Netherlands<br />
Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />Pedagogy<br />
Math in Focus <br />
Pensar sin Limites (Spanish Edition)<br />
Pensar sin Limites (Spanish Edition)<br />
Maths Champion (Indonesian Edition)<br />
Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)<br />
Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)<br />
My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore<br />
My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />
My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />
St Edward School, Florida<br />Initial Concrete Experience<br />Subsequent Pictorial Representation<br />My Pals Are Here!...
Eventual Symbolic Representation<br />
My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />
Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />Critical Factors<br />
Direction<br />Curriculum That Focuses on 21st Century Skills<br />Archipelschool De Tweemaster – Kameleon, <br />The Neth...
Push<br />National Examination<br />Bukit View Primary School, Singapore<br />Pathlight School, Singapore<br />
Support<br />Textbooks & Professional Development<br />Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)<br />Keys Grade School, The...
In-service Professional Development in The Philippines<br />In-service Professional Development in Chile<br />Pre-service ...
Synopsis<br />Singapore's mathematics education has attracted international attention because of the high performance of i...
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Second Marshall Cavendish Singapore Mathematics Global Forum 2011

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This was the opening plenary lecture at the Forum. It was attended by reoresentatives of various Ministries of Education and Departments of Education.

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Second Marshall Cavendish Singapore Mathematics Global Forum 2011

  1. 1. Plenary Session<br />Average Learners, High Achievement: The Case of Mathematics Learning <br /> <br />Dr Yeap Ban Har<br />Principal, Marshall Cavendish Institute<br /> <br />St Edward School, Florida<br />Da Qiao Primary School, Singapore<br />
  2. 2. Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />International Studies<br />
  3. 3. Students in Singapore have demonstrated high achievement and positive attitude towards mathematics. <br />In Trends in Mathematics and Science Study, about 40% of Singapore’s 4th and 8th graders are in the Advanced International Benchmark (the international average is 5% and 2% respectively). <br />1995<br />2003<br />2007<br />International<br />5<br />Advanced<br />38<br />41<br />38<br />Grade 4<br />26<br />High<br />70<br />74<br />73<br />67<br />Intermediate<br />89<br />92<br />91<br />90<br />Low<br />96<br />98<br />97<br />
  4. 4. Average<br />Hong Kong<br />Singapore<br />S. Korea<br />Taiwan<br />TIMSS<br />Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies<br />Grade 8<br />Advanced<br />2<br />40<br />31<br />45<br />40<br />High<br />15<br />70<br />64<br />71<br />71<br />Intermediate<br />46<br />88<br />85<br />86<br />90<br />Low<br />75<br />97<br />94<br />95<br />98<br />Junyuan Secondary School, Singapore<br />
  5. 5. TIMSS<br />Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies<br />Grade 4 1995<br />Grade 8 1999<br />Advanced<br />38<br />42<br />High<br />70<br />77<br />Intermediate<br />89<br />94<br />Low<br />96<br />99<br />Fuchun Primary School, Singapore<br />
  6. 6. TIMSS<br />Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies<br />Grade 4 2003<br />Grade 8 2007<br />Grade 4 1995<br />Grade 8 1999<br />38<br />40<br />Advanced<br />38<br />42<br />73<br />70<br />High<br />70<br />77<br />91<br />88<br />Intermediate<br />89<br />94<br />97<br />97<br />Low<br />96<br />99<br />Fuchun Primary School, Singapore<br />
  7. 7. The attitude index for Singapore students in TIMSS is also relatively high compared to other high-performing countries. <br />Also, the majority of students in Singapore opt to study mathematics in Grades 11 and 12 when they are no longer required to.<br />Marsiling Secondary School, Singapore<br />
  8. 8. Attitude<br />Achievement<br />Singapore<br />71<br />41<br />Grade 4<br />Hong Kong<br />67<br />40<br />Taiwan<br />50<br />24<br />Japan<br />62<br />23<br />Kazakhstan<br />89<br />19<br />England<br />62<br />16<br />Russia<br />80<br />16<br />International<br />72<br />5<br />
  9. 9. Attitude<br />Achievement<br />Taiwan<br />37<br />45<br />Grade 8<br />S Korea<br />33<br />40<br />Singapore<br />60<br />40<br />Hong Kong<br />47<br />31<br />Japan<br />30<br />26<br />Hungary<br />30<br />10<br />England<br />40<br />8<br />International<br />54<br />2<br />
  10. 10. High achievement was not a given. In 1960, among 30 615 candidates who sat for the first Primary School Leaving Examination, 45% of the candidates passed.<br />Keon Ming Public School, Singapore<br />
  11. 11. Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />Focus of School Mathematics<br />
  12. 12. Wellington Primary School<br />rationale<br />The rationale of teaching mathematics is that it is “a good vehicle for the development and improvement of a person’s intellectual competence”.<br />
  13. 13. Thinking Schools Learning Nations<br />This initiative was introduced in 1997. Since then Ministry of Education in Singapore has been injecting various initiatives into the system. These initiatives are intended to give schools the impetus to refine their programs to include the development of generic competencies. <br />
  14. 14. National Examination<br />Singapore has six years of compulsory primary education. The Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) is conducted at the end of this. <br />
  15. 15. Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
  16. 16. Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
  17. 17. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.<br />Number of Apples<br />Number of Oranges<br />Number of<br />Pears<br />Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
  18. 18. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.<br />There were twice as many apples as oranges left<br />Number of Apples<br />Number of Oranges<br />Number of<br />Pears<br />38<br />Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
  19. 19. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.<br />There were twice as many apples as oranges left.<br />The number of pears left was 15 fewer than the number of apples left. <br />Number of Apples<br />Number of Oranges<br />Number of<br />Pears<br />90<br />38<br />15<br />Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
  20. 20. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.<br />There were twice as many apples as oranges left.<br />The number of pears left was 15 fewer than the number of apples left. <br />Number of Apples<br />Number of Oranges<br />Number of<br />Pears<br />90<br />38<br />15<br />Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
  21. 21. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first<br />After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.<br />There were twice as many apples as oranges left.<br />The number of pears left was 15 fewer than the number of apples left. <br />5 units = 90 + 15 = 105<br />105 : 5 <br />= 21<br />Number of Apples<br />Number of Oranges<br />Number of<br />Pears<br />90<br />38<br />15<br />Number of pears = 21 + 21 + 23 =65<br />Number of oranges used = 65 – 21 = 44<br />Singapore Examination & Assessment Board<br />
  22. 22. Archipelschool<br />De Tweemaster – Kameleon<br />The Netherlands<br />
  23. 23. Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />Pedagogy<br />
  24. 24. Math in Focus <br />
  25. 25. Pensar sin Limites (Spanish Edition)<br />
  26. 26. Pensar sin Limites (Spanish Edition)<br />
  27. 27. Maths Champion (Indonesian Edition)<br />
  28. 28. Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)<br />
  29. 29. Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)<br />
  30. 30. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore<br />
  31. 31. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />
  32. 32. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />
  33. 33. St Edward School, Florida<br />Initial Concrete Experience<br />Subsequent Pictorial Representation<br />My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />
  34. 34. Eventual Symbolic Representation<br />
  35. 35. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)<br />
  36. 36. Average Learners <br />High Achievement<br />Critical Factors<br />
  37. 37. Direction<br />Curriculum That Focuses on 21st Century Skills<br />Archipelschool De Tweemaster – Kameleon, <br />The Netherlands<br />King Solomon Academy,<br />London<br />High School Attached to Tsukuba University.<br />Japan <br />
  38. 38. Push<br />National Examination<br />Bukit View Primary School, Singapore<br />Pathlight School, Singapore<br />
  39. 39. Support<br />Textbooks & Professional Development<br />Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)<br />Keys Grade School, The Philippines<br />Lesson Study at Da Qiao Primary School, Singapore<br />
  40. 40. In-service Professional Development in The Philippines<br />In-service Professional Development in Chile<br />Pre-service Teacher Education in Singapore<br />
  41. 41. Synopsis<br />Singapore's mathematics education has attracted international attention because of the high performance of its average learners. This plenary lectures explains what school mathematics should focus on, how the subject can be taught to make it accessible and useful to all learners, and what the critical factors are in supporting an education system where its average learners have high achievement. The speaker show how Singapore has used international research literature to benefit its students. <br />PCF Kindergarten PasirRis West, Singapore<br />

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