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IPC presentation


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Presentation by Jim Lunt at The 9th SPSJ International Polymer Conference (IPC 2012)-Held in Kobe Japan.

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IPC presentation

  1. 1. Bioplastics Advances and Sustainability The 9th SPSJ International Polymer Conference (IPC2012) December 14, 2012
  2. 2. Presentation Outline Basic Definitions for Bioplastics. Growth Factors For Bioplastics. Feedstocks and Sustainability. First and Second Generation Bioplastics. Bioplastics Growth Projections and Market Trends. Applications in Use Today for Bioplastics.
  3. 3. Basic Definitions for BioplasticsBiodegradable or Compostable BioplasticsMeet all scientifically recognized standards forbiodegradability and compostability of plastics and plasticproducts.Independent of carbon origin-(i.e. Ecoflex, PBS, PLA ).Focus is on end-of-life or disposability.Biobased BioplasticsMust be organic and contain some percentage of recentlyfixed (new) carbon found in biological resources or crops.Focus on renewable resource based origin.Uses C14 content measurement.
  4. 4. Growth Factors for BioplasticsRenewable resource versus oil based.Reduced environmental impact.Concerns about human health.End-of-Life disposal issues – Landfill.Legislative initiatives.
  5. 5. Growth Factors for Bioplastics Bioplastics Opportunity
  6. 6. Todays Bioplastic Feedstocks Sugar beetCorn Sorghum Cassava SorghumSugarcane All refined sugars - dextrose, glucose, sucrose.
  7. 7. Bioplastics Feedstock IssuesFood versus Fuel Debate:• Food Crops Diversion to Fuels/Plastics• Land Use• Fertilizer Use• Pesticide Use• The “Ripple Effect “Use of GMOs
  8. 8. More “Sustainable” Biomass Feedstocks Lignocellulose (wood, corn stover, other agricultural residues) Oil seeds (soy, rape/canola, palm, coconut, Jatropha) Microalgae Macroalgae (kelp) Waste:  MSW, food processing (cellulosic)  Used fats and oils  Animal processing wastes (rendering, feathers, hair, manure)
  9. 9. Leading Biomass Source – Lignocellulosics Corn stover Rice straw Sugar cane Tall grasses bagasse Wood chips Wheat straw Source: Virent –”The Future For Bioplastics Feedstocks”
  10. 10. Extracting Sugars From Cellulosics Most Common Industrial ApproachesDilute acid and enzyme Concentrated acidhydrolysis extraction Catalytic biomassWet oxidation and enzymehydrolysis deconstruction
  11. 11. Commercially Proven Technology Virdia Process (c1938) Loblolly HCL Pine Preparation Concentrated HCL Sugar Recovery Sizing Deconstruction HCL RecycleTall Oil Removal HCL Final Lignin Deacidification Purification Tall Oil Soluble Lignin C5/C6 Sugars
  12. 12. First Generation Bioplastics …………………….……………………………………………Starch/PLA/ECOFLEX Polylactic Acid (PLA) O O HO OH HO OH H CH3 H3C H L-Lactic Acid D-Lactic Acid (0.5%) Compounded, 100% Renewable & Compostable Biobased & Compostable
  13. 13. First Generation PHA’sCompostable, biodegradable and renewable PHA picture courtesy of Telles
  14. 14. Projected Biomaterials Trends Bioplastics are still less than 1% of the approximate 230 million tons of plastics in use today. Projected 20-30%AGR
  15. 15. Projected Durables GrowthIncreasing demand for biobased, durable products in electronics and automotive applications. By 2011 durables were expected to account for almost 40% of bioplastics – compared with 12% in 2010. (European Bioplastics)
  16. 16. Sales Trends in Bioplastics 205KT 500KT 1.2MT Jim Lunt & Associates LLC. Projections
  17. 17. Why The Change? Continuing lack of infrastructure for use and disposal of compostable plastics. “Compostables” performance v durables. Increasing demand for biobased, semi-durable and durable products for household goods, electronics and automotive applications. Increasing interest and developments in existing and new monomers from renewable resources.
  18. 18. Braskem “Green Polyethylene” from Sugar Cane ethanolsugar cane molasses HDPE polyethylene ethylene
  19. 19. Bio Ethylene Glycol India Glycols, GTC, FENC, JBF fermentation ethanol sugar cane molasses -H2O +H2O oxidationEthylene glycol ethylene oxide ethylene
  20. 20. Biobased TPA for PET from Sugars Gevo Global Bioenergies p-xylenebiobutanol isobutylene isooctene Toray/UOPAmyrisGenomatica t,t muconic acid dimethyl furan SABIC TPA fdca d limonene p cymene BP
  21. 21. Anellotech/Virent Processes for Biobased AromaticsAnellotech Process Virent Process BTX=benzene, toluene, xylenes mixture.
  22. 22. Other Bio “Building Blocks” Blocks”Succinic acid PTT, DSM, BASF, Bioamber, Roquette, Mitsubishi Chem., Myriant, PuracAdipic acid Rennovia, Verdezyne, GenomaticaButane diol GenomaticaFDCA AvantiumKetals Segetis, XLTerra/ReluceoCaprolactam AmyrisAcrylic acid Ceres, Dow/OPXIsosorbide ADM, RoquettePropylene BraskemPropane 1,3 diol DuPont / Tate & Lyle
  23. 23. Biobased Succinic Acid and Derivatives Biobased Succinic Acid Succinic acid/PBS • BioAmber • PTT • MCC • DSM/Roquette • BASF/Purac Butane diol • Genomatica Adipic acid • Rennovia • Verdezyne Courtesy Myriant
  24. 24. Examples of Emerging Technologies Avantium PEF ‘yxy’Avantium’s PEF is a 100% biobased polyester, with glasstransition 10 C higher than PET ,oxygen barrier 6-10times better than PET, CO2 barrier 2-4 times better thanPET, and water 2 times better than PET. FDCA bottles Plant based PEF filmscarbohydrates EG fibers Courtesy of Avantium
  25. 25. Ketal Plasticizers/Poly XLK O O O O L-Ketals OHHO HO OH HO OH O NH2 succinic acid 3-hydroxypropionic acid glutamic acid O O HO OH HO OHO O NH2 OH OH O O OR glycerol 4-hydroxybutyrolactone O aspartic acid HO O O O O OH OH OHO HO OH O O itaconic acid levulinic acid 2,5-furandicacboxylic acid OH OH OH OH OH O OH OH HO OH O OH OH OH OH OH OH OH OH O O O xylitol sorbitol glucaric acid O O O n PXLK XLTerra
  26. 26. Bioplastic ProductsIn The Marketplace
  27. 27. PLA
  28. 28. Cellulose Acetate
  29. 29. Compounded PLA/Starch Blends
  30. 30. Green Polyethylene
  31. 31. Bio PET
  32. 32. The Future For Bioplastics Will Depend On Oil pricing continuing to increase. Improved performance. Composting/recycling infrastructure developments. Expanding from single-use compostable to durable applications. Moving to non-food source feedstocks. Competition from carbon dioxide based plastics.
  33. 33. Thank You