Bio-feedstocks, Chemicals and Polymers.
Trends, Success Stories and Challenges.

KISBP 2012

January 30, 2014.
Presentation Outline
 Bio materials definitions.

 Present and Emerging Bio-Feedstock's .
 Emerging Bio Chemicals and P...
Basic Definitions for Bioproducts.
Biobased Products
Must be organic and contain some percentage of recently
fixed (new) c...
Common Renewable Feedstocks
Sugars: Sugar Beet, Sugar cane, sweet sorghum, corn dextrose.
Starches:

Corn, Cassava, sorghu...
Concerns with Existing Feedstocks
from Food Crops
The Food versus Fuel debate:
•

Food Crops Diversion to Fuels/Plastics

...
Biomass Feedstocks Under Consideration
Lignocellulose

(wood, corn stover, other agricultural residues)

Oil seeds

(soy, ...
Green House Gases as Feedstocks

Novomer PPC

Newlight Technologies PHA’s
Biochemical Examples
Ethylene/ethylene glycol Braskem, India Glycols.
TPA

Gevo, Anellotech, Draths, Genomatica,
UOP, Glob...
Bio Ethylene/Ethylene Glycol
India Glycols, GTC, FENC, JBF
fermentation

ethanol

sugar cane molasses

-H2O
+H2O

ethylene...
Biobased TPA

Virent Process.
Biobased Succinic Acid and Derivatives
Biobased Succinic Acid

Succinic acid/PBS
• BioAmber
• PTT
• MCC
• DSM/Roquette
• B...
Bio Butane Diol
FDCA (furan 2,5 dicarboxylic acid) Avantium
First Generation Bioplastics

Compounded, Biobased
& Compostable

…………………….……………………………………………

Starch/PLA/ECOFLEX

Polylact...
First Generation PHA’s
Compostable, Biodegradable and Renewable

PHA picture courtesy
of Metabolix
Performance Concerns of First Generation
Compostable Bioplastics
Areas of Concern

Hydrolytic stability
Distortion Temp
Va...
Second Generation
Bioplastics Developments
Green Polyethylene
Braskem

ethanol

sugar cane molasses

HDPE polyethylene

ethylene

Non Compostable
Bio PET
Nylon 6,6
Sorona™-PTT
Avantium PEF ‘yxy’

bottles

FDCA
PEF

Plant based
carbohydrates

films

fibers

EG

Courtesy of Avantium
Projected Biomaterials Trends
Bioplastics are still less than
1% of the approximate 240 million tons
of plastics in use to...
Sales Trends in Bioplastics
205KT

500KT

Jim Lunt & Associates LLC. Projections

1.2MT
Why The Change?
Continuing lack of infrastructure for use and
disposal of compostable plastics.
“Compostables” performan...
Bioplastic Products
Development/Commercial
PLA
Cellulose Acetate
Compounded PLA/Starch Blends
Green Polyethylene
Bio PET
Sorona
Avantium PEF

Made from
100% Recycled
PEF

Conventional
polyester
spinning
technology

Conventional
polyester
dyeing
techn...
Challenges/Opportunities for Bio Materials.


Oil pricing continuing to increase.



Improved performance/ reduced cost....
Thank You
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INDA presentation

  1. 1. Bio-feedstocks, Chemicals and Polymers. Trends, Success Stories and Challenges. KISBP 2012 January 30, 2014.
  2. 2. Presentation Outline  Bio materials definitions.  Present and Emerging Bio-Feedstock's .  Emerging Bio Chemicals and Players.  First Generation Bioplastics.  Second Generation Biobased Plastics.  Bioplastics Growth Projections and Market Trends.  Applications in Use Today for Bioplastics.
  3. 3. Basic Definitions for Bioproducts. Biobased Products Must be organic and contain some percentage of recently fixed (new) carbon found in biological resources or crops. Focus on renewable resource based origin. Uses C14 content measurement. Biodegradable or Compostable Bioplastics Meet all scientifically recognized standards for biodegradability and compostability of plastics and plastic products. Independent of carbon origin-(i.e. Ecoflex, PBS, PLA ). Focus is on end-of-life or disposability.
  4. 4. Common Renewable Feedstocks Sugars: Sugar Beet, Sugar cane, sweet sorghum, corn dextrose. Starches: Corn, Cassava, sorghum, sweet potato, wheat. Oils & Fats : Edible: Coconut oil, palm oil, sunflower seed, soy beans. Non Edible: Castor beans, Jatropha.
  5. 5. Concerns with Existing Feedstocks from Food Crops The Food versus Fuel debate: • Food Crops Diversion to Fuels/Plastics • Land Use • Fertilizer Use • Pesticide Use • The “Ripple Effect “ Use of GMO's
  6. 6. Biomass Feedstocks Under Consideration Lignocellulose (wood, corn stover, other agricultural residues) Oil seeds (soy, rape/canola, palm, coconut, Jatropha) Microalgae Macroalgae (kelp) Waste:    MSW, food processing (cellulosic) Used fats and oils Animal processing wastes (rendering, feathers, hair, manure, etc.)
  7. 7. Green House Gases as Feedstocks Novomer PPC Newlight Technologies PHA’s
  8. 8. Biochemical Examples Ethylene/ethylene glycol Braskem, India Glycols. TPA Gevo, Anellotech, Draths, Genomatica, UOP, Global Bioenergies, Sabic, Virent,Chemtex. Succinic acid PTT, DSM, BASF, Bioamber, Roquette, Mitsubishi Chem., Myriant, Purac. Rennovia, Verdezyne, Genomatica. Genomatica. Adipic acid Butane diol FDCA Avantium. Ketals Segetis, XLTerra/Reluceo. Caprolactam Acrylic acid Isosorbide Propylene Propane 1,3 diol Draths. Ceres, Dow/OPX. ADM, Roquette. Braskem. DuPont / Tate & Lyle.
  9. 9. Bio Ethylene/Ethylene Glycol India Glycols, GTC, FENC, JBF fermentation ethanol sugar cane molasses -H2O +H2O ethylene glycol oxidation ethylene oxide ethylene
  10. 10. Biobased TPA Virent Process.
  11. 11. Biobased Succinic Acid and Derivatives Biobased Succinic Acid Succinic acid/PBS • BioAmber • PTT • MCC • DSM/Roquette • BASF/Purac Butane diol • Genomatica Adipic acid • Rennovia • Verdezyne Courtesy Myriant
  12. 12. Bio Butane Diol
  13. 13. FDCA (furan 2,5 dicarboxylic acid) Avantium
  14. 14. First Generation Bioplastics Compounded, Biobased & Compostable …………………….…………………………………………… Starch/PLA/ECOFLEX Polylactic Acid (PLA) O O HO H OH CH3 L-Lactic Acid HO H3C OH H D-Lactic Acid (0.5%) 100% Renewable & Compostable
  15. 15. First Generation PHA’s Compostable, Biodegradable and Renewable PHA picture courtesy of Metabolix
  16. 16. Performance Concerns of First Generation Compostable Bioplastics Areas of Concern Hydrolytic stability Distortion Temp Vapor Transmission Shelf Life PLA Hydrolytic Stability Distortion Temp (amorphous) Vapor Transmission Shelf Life Tear strength Melt Strength …………………….……………………………..…………… …………………….……………………………..…………… Starch Blends …………………….……………………………..…………… …………………….……………………………..…………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………… PHA’S Hydrolytic Stability √ √ Shelf Life Processability Melt Strength Economics
  17. 17. Second Generation Bioplastics Developments
  18. 18. Green Polyethylene Braskem ethanol sugar cane molasses HDPE polyethylene ethylene Non Compostable
  19. 19. Bio PET
  20. 20. Nylon 6,6
  21. 21. Sorona™-PTT
  22. 22. Avantium PEF ‘yxy’ bottles FDCA PEF Plant based carbohydrates films fibers EG Courtesy of Avantium
  23. 23. Projected Biomaterials Trends Bioplastics are still less than 1% of the approximate 240 million tons of plastics in use today.
  24. 24. Sales Trends in Bioplastics 205KT 500KT Jim Lunt & Associates LLC. Projections 1.2MT
  25. 25. Why The Change? Continuing lack of infrastructure for use and disposal of compostable plastics. “Compostables” performance v durables. Increasing demand for biobased, semi-durable and durable products for household goods, electronics and automotive applications. Increasing interest and developments in existing and new monomers from renewable resources.
  26. 26. Bioplastic Products Development/Commercial
  27. 27. PLA
  28. 28. Cellulose Acetate
  29. 29. Compounded PLA/Starch Blends
  30. 30. Green Polyethylene
  31. 31. Bio PET
  32. 32. Sorona
  33. 33. Avantium PEF Made from 100% Recycled PEF Conventional polyester spinning technology Conventional polyester dyeing technology
  34. 34. Challenges/Opportunities for Bio Materials.  Oil pricing continuing to increase.  Improved performance/ reduced cost.  Composting/recycling infrastructure developments.  Expanding from single-use compostable to durable applications.  Moving to non-food source feedstocks.  Competition from carbon dioxide based plastics.  Natural gas dynamics on polyolefin/ aromatics Pricing.
  35. 35. Thank You

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