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Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health


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Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health

  1. 1. Principles and practice ofsearching the literatureJames Little.
  2. 2. Session Overview• Your knowledge• The purposes of literature searching• Sources of information• Evaluating sources• Performing searches• Referencing• Your own search• Feedback and advice06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  3. 3. Your knowledge• Has anyone performed a literature search before?• What do you think is involved?• Do you have any concerns/worries about literature searching?06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  4. 4. The purpose of literaturesearching• To find relevant published material to your area of interest• To find a basis for a research question or area of study06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  5. 5. Overview• Question / subject area• Identify keywords• Identify appropriate sources• Perform searches• Narrow search results / follow links• Evaluate sources06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  6. 6. In context• Much easier now than ever before• Access to search facilities online• Access to publications online• Guides provided by the University Library:• © The University of Sheffield
  7. 7. General sources of information• Where do you think you would look?• Wikipedia? Google? Library?• Google Scholar• Journals and other publications06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  8. 8. Specific sources• Subject-specific for nursing:• CINAHL• MedLine• Cochrane Database•• Colleagues!06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  9. 9. Evaluating sources• What is trustworthy?• Wikipedia• Bias, fact / opinion• Journal of radical midwives• Sources displaying bias or opinion are useful but should be used in context as a discussion / starting point.06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  10. 10. Sample search• Question / subject area • “ Fingernail health in patients with disease”06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  11. 11. Sample search• Keywords/related areas: • Fingernail, health, hand washing, disease, calcium06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  12. 12. Sample search• Sources • CINAHL Database • Google Scholar• VS • Wikipedia • Google06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  13. 13. Sample search• Results• Narrowing down / more specific keywords• Evaluate sources06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  14. 14. Referencing• Acknowledges source• Shows you have not plagiarized work• Provides an accurate list of resources06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  15. 15. Referencing: your experience?• Has everyone referenced work?• How recently?• What system(s) did you use06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  16. 16. Referencing: Overview• Harvard referencing system• Harvard method of quoting in the text• Reference list• Compile a reference list as you work• Library Guide: © The University of Sheffield
  17. 17. Your own search06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  18. 18. Activity Section B• Develop and carry out a literature search. For this you should: specify a clear research question; identify key terms; define inclusion and exclusion criteria; undertake a search using ONE database; record your search strategy; discuss how you would identify relevant literature from your results06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  19. 19. Feedback and advice06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  20. 20. Useful links• Database searching: a basic guide• Literature searching for your essay, dissertation or project•• Harvard referencing guide06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  21. 21. Specific Approaches• Grid of results/key papers• Use a critiquing framework • (CASP) • act/appraising-the-evidence/06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield