Principles and practice of searching the literature bmedsci

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Principles and practice of searching the literature bmedsci

  1. 1. Principles and practice ofsearching the literatureJames Little.
  2. 2. Session Overview• Your knowledge• The purposes of literature searching• Sources of information• Evaluating sources• Performing searches• Referencing• Your own search• Feedback and advice06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  3. 3. Your knowledge• Has anyone performed a literature search before?• What do you think is involved?• Do you have any concerns/worries about literature searching?06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  4. 4. The purpose of literaturesearching• To find relevant published material to your area of interest• To find a basis for a research question or area of study06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  5. 5. Overview• Question / subject area• Identify keywords• Identify appropriate sources• Perform searches• Narrow search results / follow links• Evaluate sources06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  6. 6. In context• Much easier now than ever before• Access to search facilities online• Access to publications online• Guides provided by the University Library:• http://www.shef.ac.uk/library/libdocs/lit.html06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  7. 7. General sources of information• Where do you think you would look?• Wikipedia? Google? Library?• Google Scholar• Journals and other publications06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  8. 8. Specific sources• Subject-specific:• CINAHL• MedLine• Cochrane Database• www.nice.org.uk• Colleagues!06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  9. 9. Evaluating sources• What is trustworthy?• Wikipedia• Bias, fact / opinion• Journal of radical midwives• Sources displaying bias or opinion are useful but should be used in context as a discussion / starting point.06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  10. 10. Sample search• Question / subject area • “ Fingernail health in patients with disease”06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  11. 11. Sample search• Keywords/related areas: • Fingernail, health, hand washing, disease, calcium06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  12. 12. Sample search• Sources • CINAHL Database • Google Scholar• VS • Wikipedia • Google06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  13. 13. Sample search• Results• Narrowing down / more specific keywords• Evaluate sources06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  14. 14. Referencing• Acknowledges source• Shows you have not plagiarized work• Provides an accurate list of resources06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  15. 15. Referencing: your experience?• Has everyone referenced work?• How recently?• What system(s) did you use06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  16. 16. Referencing: Overview• Harvard referencing system• Harvard method of quoting in the text• Reference list• Compile a reference list as you work• Library Guide: http://librarysupport.shef.ac.uk/hsl-dvc1.pdf06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  17. 17. Your own search• Identify a topic relating to health/social care and find out what best practice is in relation to it.• F or example, you might want to look at best practice in relation to promoting social activities for older adults in residential care; or best practice in relation to hand washing...06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  18. 18. Your own search…• Show your search strategy - including which databases searched for evidence, search terms used, parameters used etc. • Conduct a literature review which answers your question and then critically appraise two of the papers used as evidence.06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  19. 19. Feedback and advice06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield
  20. 20. Useful links• Database searching: a basic guide• Literature searching for your essay, dissertation or p• http://www.shef.ac.uk/library/libdocs/lit.html• Harvard referencing guide06/07/12 © The University of Sheffield

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