Getting to Know Open
Government Data: Who’s
done it, how did they do, and
so what?
Jim Duncan, Vermont Monitoring Cooperat...
Outline
• My background – Open Data and Natural
Resources in Mongolia, Ghana and
Vermont
• Survey of state open government...
My background
Open Data and Natural Resources in Mongolia,
Ghana and Vermont
Open Data Initiatives in the
Developing World… Why?
• Open Government Partnership
• Reduced costs for technology and inter...
Corruption in mining and oil
• EITI reconciles company payments with
government receipts
• But how to make use of that inf...
Ghana – Mapping the Money
• Long history of mining
• New oil find held promise and peril
Photo: © Jonathan Ernst/World Bank
Ghana Open Data Initiative
• Started in 2010 with help from Web Foundation
Development of an Open Data strategy for the Go...
Monitoring Vermont’s Forests
www.uvm.edu/vmc
Scientific data sharing
• Some unique challenges, many are the same
• Working now on increasing discoverability,
usability...
Open Government Data
Survey and patterns at the state level
What is Open Data*
• Technically open  non-proprietary formats
 machine-readable
• Legally open  clear license or polic...
Overall Patterns
• Around 60% of states have some sort of
open data site
• Majority tend
to be related
to finances
or serv...
Overall Patterns – some
examples
• Connecticut has multiple overlapping sites
• Delaware maintains a syndication of RSS
fe...
Open New York
http://data.ny.gov
• Department of Health started pilot in August,
2011
• Statewide push initiated by Execut...
Open New York
• Data discoverable from data.gov (and vice
versa)
• Values:
• Innovation, accountability, efficiency, local...
Iowa DATAshare
• Federated data, primarily financial,
educational and demographic
• Unclear political context
• No licensi...
Themes in Open
Government Data
Major Themes
• Motivations to publish data
• Enabling environment
• Supply
• Demand
• Sustainability and planning for the ...
Motivation – Why Open Up
Data?
• Government transparency, accountability
and trust
• Stimulate innovation, new products,
e...
Enabling Environment for
Open Data
• Legislation or policy
• Champion to give support and cover to a
movement
• The grunts...
Enabling Environment -
Sometimes it’s legislation…
From 2013 Integrity Index, Better Government Association and Alper Serv...
Supply
• Principles of access and encouraging
reuse
• Data quality and readiness
• Not all data is equal
• Update frequency
Demand – Who Wants It and
Why?
• Citizens
• Good governance
• Improve daily lives
• Businesses
• make decisions
• build ne...
Sustainability
• Tension between piloting and changing
government to ‘open by default’
• Small, pilot projects allow you t...
Commonly-Cited Barriers
• Cost-recovery
• Privacy legislation
• Questions around quantifiable benefits
• Fears of misuse, ...
Take-Aways and Lessons
Lessons
• Local and timely
• Build comfort and buy-in early and often
• True data, not just charts, PDFs, and
reports
• Do...
Thank you!
Questions?
Resources
• The New Ambiguity of “Open Government”
• http://www.uclalawreview.org/?p=3663
• The Benefits of a Big Tent: Op...
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Getting to Know Open Government Data: Who's done it, how did they do, and so what?

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Overview of open data trends internationally and in the United States, with an eye to informing a potential open data push in Vermont

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Getting to Know Open Government Data: Who's done it, how did they do, and so what?

  1. 1. Getting to Know Open Government Data: Who’s done it, how did they do, and so what? Jim Duncan, Vermont Monitoring Cooperative Vermont Open Data Summit || October 8, 2013 james.duncan@uvm.edu
  2. 2. Outline • My background – Open Data and Natural Resources in Mongolia, Ghana and Vermont • Survey of state open government data • Themes in open government data initiatives • Lessons for Vermont
  3. 3. My background Open Data and Natural Resources in Mongolia, Ghana and Vermont
  4. 4. Open Data Initiatives in the Developing World… Why? • Open Government Partnership • Reduced costs for technology and internet • Increased mobile usage • Demand for transparency and accountability Sumitomo Corporation
  5. 5. Corruption in mining and oil • EITI reconciles company payments with government receipts • But how to make use of that information?
  6. 6. Ghana – Mapping the Money • Long history of mining • New oil find held promise and peril Photo: © Jonathan Ernst/World Bank
  7. 7. Ghana Open Data Initiative • Started in 2010 with help from Web Foundation Development of an Open Data strategy for the Government of Ghana taking into account the three layers of actors (political, public administration and civil society) and six dimensions of Open Data (political, legal, organizational, technical, social and economic). The strategy will include: • Public policy guidelines • Data collection guidelines • Data copyright and licensing guidelines • Dataset publication process/Open Data methods • GODI Secretariat/Steering Committee guidelines • Public-Private focus groups guidelines Establishment of an Open Data community • Intra and extra-government community building and outreach • One-time events and regular events (workshops, bootcamps, barcamps, contests…) • Collaborative online tools Setup, development and deployment of an Open Data platform (Web site) • Requirements and standards • Implementation • Validation Monitoring and Evaluation of the GODI • Methodology • Impact assessment • Tools Reproduced from the Web Foundation’s Ghana Open Data Project Page http://www.webfoundation.org/projects/ghana-open-data-initiative-godi/
  8. 8. Monitoring Vermont’s Forests www.uvm.edu/vmc
  9. 9. Scientific data sharing • Some unique challenges, many are the same • Working now on increasing discoverability, usability, standards and integration
  10. 10. Open Government Data Survey and patterns at the state level
  11. 11. What is Open Data* • Technically open  non-proprietary formats  machine-readable • Legally open  clear license or policy  free to use and reuse • What makes Open Data REALLY nice? • Standardized, interoperable, well-documented * Just my take – see “Resources” for the evolution and complexity in defining this term ✔
  12. 12. Overall Patterns • Around 60% of states have some sort of open data site • Majority tend to be related to finances or serve as portals to other websites
  13. 13. Overall Patterns – some examples • Connecticut has multiple overlapping sites • Delaware maintains a syndication of RSS feeds • Louisiana provides slices and downloads of their Financial Accounting System
  14. 14. Open New York http://data.ny.gov • Department of Health started pilot in August, 2011 • Statewide push initiated by Executive Order in January 2013 • Portal launched in March, including data from several counties, schools and Albany • Two leading open data experts poached in September
  15. 15. Open New York • Data discoverable from data.gov (and vice versa) • Values: • Innovation, accountability, efficiency, local-to- federal integration and policy research • Timeline for departments to catalog publishable data, design release plan • Affirmative license http://data.ny.gov
  16. 16. Iowa DATAshare • Federated data, primarily financial, educational and demographic • Unclear political context • No licensing • Data-minded initiatives, but not referencing this http://data.iowa.gov
  17. 17. Themes in Open Government Data
  18. 18. Major Themes • Motivations to publish data • Enabling environment • Supply • Demand • Sustainability and planning for the future
  19. 19. Motivation – Why Open Up Data? • Government transparency, accountability and trust • Stimulate innovation, new products, economic growth • Increase government efficiency • Value to society of data as a public good
  20. 20. Enabling Environment for Open Data • Legislation or policy • Champion to give support and cover to a movement • The grunts who make it work organizationally and technologically • Clear and timely need
  21. 21. Enabling Environment - Sometimes it’s legislation… From 2013 Integrity Index, Better Government Association and Alper Services. p15. http://www.documentcloud.org/documents/729455-2013-bga-alper-services-integrity-index.html
  22. 22. Supply • Principles of access and encouraging reuse • Data quality and readiness • Not all data is equal • Update frequency
  23. 23. Demand – Who Wants It and Why? • Citizens • Good governance • Improve daily lives • Businesses • make decisions • build new products • Government • Increase effectiveness • Improve efficiency • Reduce demands • Researchers • More rigorous research, • Stronger policy recommendations hackvt.coml O’Neil-Dunne 2013
  24. 24. Sustainability • Tension between piloting and changing government to ‘open by default’ • Small, pilot projects allow you to “fail small, fail fast and fail forward”* • But sustaining often means cultural change within organizations • Use what already works within state systems • Incentives/rewards for openness * Chris Taggart on the Rewards of Failure
  25. 25. Commonly-Cited Barriers • Cost-recovery • Privacy legislation • Questions around quantifiable benefits • Fears of misuse, poor quality • Mixing of open data efforts with e-government approaches
  26. 26. Take-Aways and Lessons
  27. 27. Lessons • Local and timely • Build comfort and buy-in early and often • True data, not just charts, PDFs, and reports • Does providing ‘data by department’ make sense to users? • Think bigger than just financial data
  28. 28. Thank you! Questions?
  29. 29. Resources • The New Ambiguity of “Open Government” • http://www.uclalawreview.org/?p=3663 • The Benefits of a Big Tent: Opening Up Government in Developing Countries • http://www.uclalawreview.org/?p=4017 • Open Data: an international comparison of strategies • http://www.epractice.eu/files/European%20Journal%20epractice%20Volume%2012_1.pdf • Sunlight Foundation piece on the evolution of the concept of open data • http://sunlightfoundation.com/blog/2013/09/16/your-guidelines-to-open-data-guidelines-pt-2- stages-of-development/ • Catalogs of catalogs: • Maintained by US Government : www.data.gov/opendatasites • Global catalog of catalogs: http://datacatalogs.org/ • Chris Taggart on the rewards of failure: • http://www.slideshare.net/countculture/open-data-the-rewards-of-failure • 3D High-Resolution Land Cover Example for Syracuse, NY. Jarlath O'Neil-Dunne. figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.703134 Retrieved 03:27, Oct 08, 2013 (GMT)

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