Real food challenge workshop material


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Presented at the Midwest Summit Real Food Challenge Saturday February 19, 2011, with a viewing and discussion of Unnatural Causes: Is Inequality making us sick?

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  • From 1892 to 1894, DuBois traveled in Germany and completed a monograph on the history of southern US agriculture. In 1896, the University of Pennsylvania invited him to conduct a detailed sociological study of African Americans in Philadelphia, which was published in 1899 as The Philadelphia Negro.2 This study combined advocacy and careful empirical scholarship, emphasizing historical and circumstantial rather than hereditary explanations for the conditions of the African American community.DuBois had long been committed to social reform by means of social science. But he now became more directly engaged in advocacy and political action, especially in response to the rising tide of southern racial violence. He helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909, and in 1910 he left Atlanta to become an officer of the NAACP, its only Black board member, and the editor of its monthly magazine, the Crisis. Excerpted from W. E. Burghardt DuBois, ed. The Health and Physique of the Negro American. Report of a Social Study Made Under the Direction of Atlanta University; Together With the Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference for the Study of the Negro Problems, Held at Atlanta University, on May the 29th, 1906. Atlanta, Ga: Atlanta University Press; 1906. American Journal of Public Health | February 2003, Vol 93, No. 2
  • My father learned from his clients that speculators were buying properties from whites at close to market value, and then selling them to blacks “on contract” at double to quadruple market value. Just as shocking were the terms of these sales. Contract buyers made down payments and were responsible for taxes, insurance, and maintenance. But if a contract buyer missed even one payment, the seller was free to evict the buyer – and keep everything the buyer had invested to that point. The profits to the speculators were stunning. For example, one of my father’s clients bought a building for $9,950, from a speculator who had recently purchased it for $3500. His client had paid off $8,500 of that debt – plus another $2300 in improvements – when he was evicted. Approximately 85% of properties sold to black Chicagoans were sold “on contract” – and there were close to a million blacks in Chicago by the early 1960s. In 1958, my father charged that speculators were draining Chicago’s black community of $1 million dollars a day, and the evidence I’ve turned up supports his estimate. (Satter, p. 99)
  • February 16, 2011 01:09 PM Eastern Time  SAN FRANCISCO--( BUSINESS WIRE )--Catholic Healthcare West (CHW), the eighth largest health system in the nation, today made its groundbreaking Community Need Index™ (CNI) available online at . The CNI is a powerful resource for public health planning that is being used by health care and community organizations nationwide to assess community need and strategically allocate resources. “ Tens of thousands of people are admitted to our hospitals every year for conditions that, if properly treated in a primary care or community clinic setting, should not progress to the stage where hospitalization is needed”
  • “ Science and me
  • “ Science and me
  • Real food challenge workshop material

    1. 1. 2011 Midwest Real Food Challenge Summit: Urban Food Systems in Development Jim Bloyd, MPH February 19, 2011 3:30 – 4:40 p.m. Northwestern University @j_bloyd [email_address]
    2. 2. Structural Racism in the Food System: A Public Health Perspective <ul><li>Workshop Proposal: Real Food Challenge activists can create alliances with local public health departments for policy change campaigns. Public health has a long though contested history of struggle to achieve health equity through a focus on the social determinants of health. The 30-minute film Unnatural Causes: Is inequality making us sick is a tool for mobilizing affected communities around food issues and building support. This workshop session will guide participants through identification of online sources of local and state health department data useful for making arguments for creating sustainable food systems; (please bring your laptop, or share!); Discussion will include equity models of population health, neoliberalism, structural racism, and tips on use of population health data. The workshop facilitator has more than 20 years experience of practice in three local public health departments. </li></ul>
    3. 3. W.E.B. DuBoise “ THE GENERAL OPINION IS THAT THE DEATH RATE OF NEGROES is higher in the North than in the South. This is untrue. The crude death rates of the Negroes in the Northern cities are lower than those in the Southern cities. . . of the large cities, the eight highest death rates are Southern cities—Charleston, Savannah, New Orleans, Richmond, Norfolk, Nashville, St. Louis and Atlanta. Thirty deaths per 1,000 seems to be the dividing line between the Northern cities and the Southern, most of the Southern cities having a rate above 30, while most of the Northern cities have a rate below 30.” May 29, 1906
    4. 4. ‘ 50’s, 60’s, Chicago and the USA <ul><li>$1,000,000 per day was estimated paid by blacks in Chicago in 1958 under a racist contract buying system, enriching white slumlords and elite investors. (Satter, 2009) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Agenda <ul><li>Intro </li></ul><ul><li>View Unnatural Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Finding and Using online health data for your organizing/ report out </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation/ Conclude </li></ul>
    6. 6. Structural Racism Structural Racism/Racialization The word “racism” is commonly understood to refer to instances in which one individual intentionally or unintentionally targets others for negative treatment because of their skin color or other group-based physical characteristics. This individualistic conceptualization is too limited. Racialized outcomes do not require racist actors. Structural racism/racialization refers to a system of social structures that produces cumulative, durable, race-based inequalities. It is also a method of analysis that is used to examine how historical legacies, individuals, structures, and institutions work interactively to distribute material and symbolic advantages and disadvantages along racial lines. Kirwan Institute
    7. 7. Closing the Gap in A Generation Final Report of the Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (WHO, 2008)
    8. 8. 3 tips on Health Data <ul><li>A rate (Ex: deaths/1,000 people) may be better than a count (Ex: # of deaths) when making comparisons. </li></ul><ul><li>An increase may not be significant (statistically) </li></ul><ul><li>An increase (or decrease) may not be a trend . Two points do not make a trend. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a relationship with your local health department epidemiologist. Ask around and understand your data. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Search online <ul><li>Searches: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ infant mortality Cook County Department of Public Health IL’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ food access cook county IL’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ cook county strategic plan health equity’ </li></ul><ul><li>View </li></ul><ul><li>Your search: diabetes mortality in ________________County, or city or state </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a social determinant: _______________ in ____x__ place </li></ul><ul><li>Choose “plan” or “strategic plan” then ___x__ health dept in _x_ place. </li></ul><ul><li>Assemble your 10 minute rough draft health equity campaign and tell the group! </li></ul>
    10. 10. Neo-liberalism: What? Why Important? <ul><li>‘ The assumption that individual freedoms are guaranteed by freedom of the market and of trade is a cardinal feature of neoliberal thinking… a state whose fundamental mission is to facilitate conditions for profitable capital accumulation is a neoliberal state . The freedoms it embodies reflect the interests of private property owners, businesses, multinational corporations, and financial capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvey, D., (2009) p. 7. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Values: Freedom (Karl Polanyi, 1944) <ul><li>Good Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Conscience’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Speech’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Meeting, association’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Choose ones own job’ </li></ul><ul><li>Bad Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Exploit one’s fellows’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Make inordinate gains without commensurable service to the community’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Prevent tech inventions from being used for public benefit’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Profit from public calamities secretly engineered for private advantage’ </li></ul>Harvey, D., (2009) p. 36
    12. 12. Polyanyi <ul><li>“ The idea of freedom ‘thus degenerates into a mere advocacy of free enterprise’ which means ‘the fullness of freedom for those whose income, leisure and security need no enhancing, and a mere pittance of liberty for the people, who may in vain attempt to make use of their democratic rights to gain shelter from the power of the owners of property.’” </li></ul>Harvey, D., (2009) p. 37
    13. 13. Resource <ul><li>Fairchild et al (2010): The mandate of public health-Can public health promote social, economic and political reforms? </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘New Public Health:’ </li></ul><ul><li>“ The old public health was concerned with the environment; the new is concerned with the individual” Hill (1913) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Resource Black–White Health Disparities in the United States and Chicago: A 15-Year Progress Analysis (Orsi, et al, 2010) <ul><li>Findings: “Overall, progress toward meeting the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities in the United States and in Chicago remains bleak. With more than 15 years of time and effort spent at the national and local level to reduce disparities, the impact remains negligible.” </li></ul>
    15. 15. Social Production of Health & Illness <ul><li>“ Do we not always find the disease of the populace traceable to defects in society ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Rudolf Virchow, </li></ul><ul><li>in a late 19 th century speech </li></ul>1821 - 1902
    16. 16. Virchow May the rich remember during the winter, when they sit in front of their hot stoves and give Christmas apples to their little ones, that the shiphands who brought the coal and the apples died from cholera. It is so sad that thousands always must die in misery, so that a few hundred may live well. - Rudolf Virchow, Werk und Wirkung (Berlin: Rütten & Loenig, 1957), p. 110
    17. 17. US Dept. of Housing And Urban Development Researchers can now accurately predict life outcomes from health to education to life expectancy based on the Zip Code in which a child grows up . HUD believes that no child’s life chances should be determined by the neighborhood where their family resides.
    18. 18. Acknowledgment of sources of material in this presentation: <ul><li>Thank you to: </li></ul><ul><li>Linda Murray </li></ul><ul><li>Howard Waitzkin </li></ul><ul><li>Steve Seweryn </li></ul>