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New Title Slide
- Chris
http://www.pong-story.com/odyssey.htm#P1
1972
“Ready or not, computers are
coming to the people.”
Stewart Brand, Rolling S...
http://www.wheels.org/spacewar/
First Joy
Stick
First Winner,
Intergalactic
Spacewar
Olympics
Stephen "Slug" Russell at
MI...
Digital entertainment began driving
computer hardware improvements
Ready or not,
“SUPER
COMPUTERS”
are coming to
the people!
Today games are a dominant
force in personal technology
innovation
Network Games
3276% Change
$22B in 2006
EA
$2.85/$500M
NCSoft
$125M/$50M Atoms
Bits 1,000,000
Subscribers
paying $10 a
mon...
Network Games -
First successful
subscription model
on net.
Shift 3 – Stand alone games to network games. Flat rate
retail...
The Growth of Video
Games
• U.S. Sales $3.2 billion in 1995
$10.4 billion in 2003
• 50% 0f all Americans ages 6 and
older ...
To be defined
To be defined
1
Video games moved from the
arcades to the living room
Video games A brief history
Enabling Games to become
desktop simulations
May 1995
Today games are changing
our culture
October 1999
Children and young adults at the forefront of this
technologica...
Games now influence the events
they simulate
Games now influence the events
they simulate
Games now influence the events
they simulate
Games now influence the events
they simulate
Intertextuality
There is a conversation happening between games
and society a...
NOSE
Vienna University of Technology
Players operate track switches and adjusting the speed of virtual trains to prevent virtua...
How Have Video Games Changed
the Learner?
• Increased situational awareness (University of
Rochester Study)
• Improved pat...
Through mixing
realities, research is
expanding the potential
of embedded training
in the field and in
battle labs to prov...
First Person & Fidelity
Improved Target Acquisition System Trainer
First Person &
Fidelity
Time to Market
Where are we now?
Games
for…
Games for
Health
Serious Games
Games for
Change
Learning
Games
Case study: Emergency Response
Training, Pjotr van Schothorst
VSTEP BV, Rotterdam, The
Netherlands
USC ISI and Tactical Language Training
(ITSEC 2005)
NETC – 24 Blue
(ITSEC 2005)
Case 4: Disaster Configurator
for the Rotterdam Port Authority
Case study: Emergency Response
Training, Pjotr van Schothor...
Improved Target Acquisition System Trainer
First Person &
Fidelity
Talon Explosive Ordnance Disposal Trainer
Forward Observer
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle
Player is Incident
Commander or subordinate
crisis responder. Responds
to events with choices that
should mirror Departmen...
Virtual U models the attitudes and
behaviors of the academic
community in five major areas of
higher education anagement:
...
Virtual-u.org
food-force.com
Produced by the
United Nations'
World Food
Programme, Kids join
a team of emergency
aid workers to save
the...
Food-force.com
GlucoboyThe video game that runs on blood.
2
3
• In 2002 there were over 30,000
Counter-Strike servers
• Second place was Unreal
Tournament with about 9,800
• In 2004, G...
GAME TEAMS
Games have captured
millennials imagination
and time.
Leverage the attention
economy of games to
develop next g...
Clarke Aldrich,
Learning by
Doing : A
Comprehensive
Guide to
Simulations,
Computer
Games, and
Pedagogy in e-
Learning and
...
ISD meets games and they
evolve
IDSI‟s Game-based Learning Simulation
Model™
(GLSM)™
integrates the benefits of
games, sim...
To create a new discipline
Instructional Game Based
System DesignIGSD™
Developing effective game-based learning is, to dat...
Effective IGSD is a binary
process
Instructional Design
Game Design
“In a game based simulation Game Design and Instructio...
Effective IGSD begins with sound
Instructional Design
Learner
Design
Learning
Objective
s
Provide
Design
Specification
s
T...
Effective IGSD ends with sound
Game Design
Design
SpecificationsConsequence
Story
Setting
Rules
Interactivity
Instructional NarrativePersonal NarrativeExternal Narrative
Multiple Narrative
Approach
Story
&
Setting
Rules
Consequence
Note: You
do not
need a
computer
for any of
this…
Games
Simulations Pedagogy
[Learning
Games]
Multiple Levels of Engagement
Psychomotor
Cognitive
Affective
ENGAGEMENT
GamesGames™Intelligent
Games become intelligent
The next phase in game based learning is
the game that will asses you and ...
iGames adapt to the learner
Learner
ActionsBehaviors
Actors
And
Avatars
Environment
Interface
External Narrative
Instructi...
How do we measure
success?
• Tracking of learner
performance
• Capture all decision points
for instructor review and
asses...
What is the 5th
World?
Digital Divide
Low Socio-Economic Status
Goldberg‟s Crew, Houston Community College
The Other Side of the Digital Divide
Not Low Socio-Economic Status
Ninja‟s Crew, Houston Community College
Games and the Digital Divide
Millennials
Not Low Socio-Economic Status
Female, 4,
8%
Male, 46,
92%
Average Age Respondent 15
Avg. Age Start Playing Games 5
Avg. Hours of Play Per Week 24
% Mod‟...
Science
MOD
MOD‟ing
MOD‟er
Art
SKIN
SKIN‟ing
SKIN‟er
Why do you modify games?
9
8
14
3
9
8
8
9
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
Playing Yes
Playing No
Learning Yes
Learning No
Show Yes
S...
Math Engineering
TechScience
What are they
learning?
?
Math Engineering
TechScience
ARTS
What are they
learning?
Math Engineering
TechScience
TEAMS
What are they
learning?
22
48
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Graduate HS Graduate CC or TC Graduate University
Plans for education
Computer Science 20
Video ...
Player
Incr. hand-eye coord
reaction time
spatial visualization
neuro-psych. tests
visual attentiveness
and mental rotatio...
US Nano
Soldier
FCS 2020
defenselink.mil/news/Jul2004/n07272004_2004072705.html
Game Builder – Nano Soldier
Neuro Evolved Robotic Operatives
Agents cope with changing environments and
situations, optimize resource management, and
...
Sys
Admin
http://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/13599.htmlhttp://www.roadtraffic-technology.com/contractors/traffic_man/e...
REMIXING –
Constructive media
remixing
TEAMS –
Transdisciplinary
communities of practice.
SWARMING –
Network socialization...
Millennials
Low Socio-Economic Status
Goldberg‟s Crew, Houston Community College
Millennials
Not Low Socio-Economic Status
Ninja‟s Crew, Houston Community College
The toys
we play
with as
children!
This study was funded by the State Farm
Companies Foundation and by Dr. George
Kozmetsky (1917-2003), founder of the IC²
I...
Low SES: More TV
and More Video
Games
TV
Games
A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
High school
or less
Community
college/technical
College
degree or beyond
How Much Educati...
22
48
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Graduate HS Graduate CC or TC Graduate University
Plans for education
Computer Science 20
Video ...
Females Males
Designer/Decorator Professional athlete
Doctor Video Game Designer
Cosmetologist Business Owner
Lawyer Engin...
• Students have professional aspirations, but
lack knowledge about how to reach
professional goals.
• Opportunities to lea...
Project #1: spaceTEAMS
TEAMS Career and
Academic Exploration and
Planning with Robotics
Project-based Learning
ITSA
Greg White, UTSA:
”K-PhD”
ITSA
Greg White, UTSA:
”K-PhD”
PipelineStartyounger!
TEAMS
Northwest Vista College, San Antonio
Elementary
spaceTEAMS
San Antonio,TX
Robot competition
plus career and
academic exploration
and history of
science and
tec...
spaceTEAMS
San Antonio,TX
Middle School
US First-EISD
Andrew
Schuetze
San Antonio,TX
High School
spaceTEAMS
San Antonio,TX
Middle School
Like football
or volleyball
but
academic.
Project #2: TEAMS Workforce
Initiative
Workforce Attrition.
Emerging Technology.
ID Educational Solutions.
Sponsor: None. ...
alice.org
squeakland.org
Population: 1.4MM Growth: 1200/day
Educational Sites 3 - 5 minutes
EA online games 9 minutes
AOL Entertainment 10 minutes
...
Whyville.net
Socialimpactgames.com
Summary
Conclusion
The End
jim@ventureRAMP.com
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  1. 1. New Title Slide - Chris
  2. 2. http://www.pong-story.com/odyssey.htm#P1 1972 “Ready or not, computers are coming to the people.” Stewart Brand, Rolling Stone December, 1972
  3. 3. http://www.wheels.org/spacewar/ First Joy Stick First Winner, Intergalactic Spacewar Olympics Stephen "Slug" Russell at MIT. Other major contributors include Peter Samson, Martin Graetz, Wayne Witanen, Alan Kotok and Dan Edwards. . DEC PDP-1 assembler http://www3.sympatico.ca/maury/games/space/spacewar.html 1962 1972
  4. 4. Digital entertainment began driving computer hardware improvements
  5. 5. Ready or not, “SUPER COMPUTERS” are coming to the people!
  6. 6. Today games are a dominant force in personal technology innovation
  7. 7. Network Games 3276% Change $22B in 2006 EA $2.85/$500M NCSoft $125M/$50M Atoms Bits 1,000,000 Subscribers paying $10 a month - Garriott
  8. 8. Network Games - First successful subscription model on net. Shift 3 – Stand alone games to network games. Flat rate retail to monthly fees.
  9. 9. The Growth of Video Games • U.S. Sales $3.2 billion in 1995 $10.4 billion in 2003 • 50% 0f all Americans ages 6 and older play video games! • 239 Million video and computer games sold last year in the U.S. • Forecasted AAG at 8 to 10 %
  10. 10. To be defined
  11. 11. To be defined
  12. 12. 1
  13. 13. Video games moved from the arcades to the living room Video games A brief history
  14. 14. Enabling Games to become desktop simulations
  15. 15. May 1995 Today games are changing our culture October 1999 Children and young adults at the forefront of this technological wave are changing the fundamental constructs of personal technology, computer, and Internet innovation.
  16. 16. Games now influence the events they simulate
  17. 17. Games now influence the events they simulate
  18. 18. Games now influence the events they simulate
  19. 19. Games now influence the events they simulate Intertextuality There is a conversation happening between games and society and the outcome of this conversation is that games are directly influencing the world in which we live.
  20. 20. NOSE
  21. 21. Vienna University of Technology Players operate track switches and adjusting the speed of virtual trains to prevent virtual trains from colliding. Researchers Daniel Wagner, Thomas Pintaric and Dieter Schmalstieg
  22. 22. How Have Video Games Changed the Learner? • Increased situational awareness (University of Rochester Study) • Improved pattern recognition and spatial processing abilities (UCLA Prof. Patricia Marks Greenfield) • Improved inductive reasoning, users “learn by doing” (Prof. Sherry Turkle, MIT) • Video game players are comfortable with processing large amounts of data. • Game players have an insatiable desire to “win”!
  23. 23. Through mixing realities, research is expanding the potential of embedded training in the field and in battle labs to provide integrated training anytime, anywhere. Advancements are being transferred across industries from business prototypes to hospitality training. Integrated research in tracking, registration, rendering, display, and scenario delivery are expanding the possibilities of CONSTRUCTIVE simulation as well as after action review, and command and control visualizations.
  24. 24. First Person & Fidelity
  25. 25. Improved Target Acquisition System Trainer First Person & Fidelity
  26. 26. Time to Market
  27. 27. Where are we now?
  28. 28. Games for… Games for Health Serious Games Games for Change Learning Games
  29. 29. Case study: Emergency Response Training, Pjotr van Schothorst VSTEP BV, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  30. 30. USC ISI and Tactical Language Training (ITSEC 2005)
  31. 31. NETC – 24 Blue (ITSEC 2005)
  32. 32. Case 4: Disaster Configurator for the Rotterdam Port Authority Case study: Emergency Response Training, Pjotr van Schothorst VSTEP BV, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  33. 33. Improved Target Acquisition System Trainer First Person & Fidelity
  34. 34. Talon Explosive Ordnance Disposal Trainer
  35. 35. Forward Observer
  36. 36. Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle
  37. 37. Player is Incident Commander or subordinate crisis responder. Responds to events with choices that should mirror Department of Justice NICS doctrine. • Tactical Map set in player‟s home county • ICS “hints” throughout gameplay • Coordination and communication required for success • Full-scale training is unaffordable for small jurisdictions* • Permits widespread distribution to many users* *88% of all jurisdictions are considered to be small. Incident Commander Recommendation: Emphasize human-to- human computer mediated communication, interaction and learning.
  38. 38. Virtual U models the attitudes and behaviors of the academic community in five major areas of higher education anagement: • Spending and income decisions such as operating budget, new hires, incoming donations, and management of the endowment; • Faculty, course, and student scheduling issues; • Admissions standards, university prestige, and student enrollment; • Student housing, classrooms, and all other facilities; and • Performance indicators. Enlight Software, the Jackson Hole Higher Education Group, and the Institute for Research on Higher Education at the University of Pennsylvania (data), with support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and the Spencer Foundation. www.virtual-u.org
  39. 39. Virtual-u.org
  40. 40. food-force.com Produced by the United Nations' World Food Programme, Kids join a team of emergency aid workers to save the fictitious island of Sheylan from starvation caused by drought and civil war. The team goes on six missions to help save the island. The additional missions cleverly use games to demonstrate how emergency aid teams acquire food, make food packs, deliver food and establish long-term food supplies.
  41. 41. Food-force.com
  42. 42. GlucoboyThe video game that runs on blood.
  43. 43. 2
  44. 44. 3
  45. 45. • In 2002 there were over 30,000 Counter-Strike servers • Second place was Unreal Tournament with about 9,800 • In 2004, GameSpy over 85,000 players playing Counter-Strike at any point in time • In 2004 accounted for almost 70 percent of the online FPS audience. • Over 4.5 billion minutes of Games provide the motivation, and tools to create innovation Example: The game „MOD‟ community Modder: Definition: An individual who modifies a game using tools either created, or provided, in order to create an entirely new gaming experience. CounterStrike™ Builders Innovators
  46. 46. GAME TEAMS Games have captured millennials imagination and time. Leverage the attention economy of games to develop next generation workforce. We need to pierce the veil of play and support game-based constructivist learning. Transdisciplinarity is the common denominator. Games NANO BIO INFO NEURO Game Builder = System Builder Educational Pull
  47. 47. Clarke Aldrich, Learning by Doing : A Comprehensive Guide to Simulations, Computer Games, and Pedagogy in e- Learning and Other Educational Experiences, 2005 Games Simulations Pedagogy [Learning Games]
  48. 48. ISD meets games and they evolve IDSI‟s Game-based Learning Simulation Model™ (GLSM)™ integrates the benefits of games, simulations, and instructional systems design.
  49. 49. To create a new discipline Instructional Game Based System DesignIGSD™ Developing effective game-based learning is, to date, the most advanced application of learning theory to technology. Its intricacy and sophistication requires senior, academically, and experientially qualified instructional and game designers. (Marci Murawski, 2005)
  50. 50. Effective IGSD is a binary process Instructional Design Game Design “In a game based simulation Game Design and Instructional System Design MUST co- exist, each inter-dependent with the other.” Design SpecificationsConsequence Story Setting Rules Interactivity “Game Based Simulation”
  51. 51. Effective IGSD begins with sound Instructional Design Learner Design Learning Objective s Provide Design Specification s There is no COTS Solution
  52. 52. Effective IGSD ends with sound Game Design Design SpecificationsConsequence Story Setting Rules Interactivity
  53. 53. Instructional NarrativePersonal NarrativeExternal Narrative Multiple Narrative Approach Story & Setting Rules Consequence
  54. 54. Note: You do not need a computer for any of this… Games Simulations Pedagogy [Learning Games]
  55. 55. Multiple Levels of Engagement Psychomotor Cognitive Affective ENGAGEMENT
  56. 56. GamesGames™Intelligent Games become intelligent The next phase in game based learning is the game that will asses you and use that knowledge to dynamically and change the simulated environment to provide you with a tailored maximized learning experience. i intelligently
  57. 57. iGames adapt to the learner Learner ActionsBehaviors Actors And Avatars Environment Interface External Narrative Instructional Narrative Personal Narrative Dynamically Modify Intelligent Adaptive Learning IDSI‟s Model of Dynamic Adaptability in Game Based Learning™ Copyright 2005 IDSI
  58. 58. How do we measure success? • Tracking of learner performance • Capture all decision points for instructor review and assessment • Playable replay of simulation • Capture emergent learner behaviors for „Lessons Learned‟ Game/Sim Content LMS CMS
  59. 59. What is the 5th World?
  60. 60. Digital Divide Low Socio-Economic Status Goldberg‟s Crew, Houston Community College
  61. 61. The Other Side of the Digital Divide Not Low Socio-Economic Status Ninja‟s Crew, Houston Community College
  62. 62. Games and the Digital Divide
  63. 63. Millennials Not Low Socio-Economic Status
  64. 64. Female, 4, 8% Male, 46, 92% Average Age Respondent 15 Avg. Age Start Playing Games 5 Avg. Hours of Play Per Week 24 % Mod‟ers 34% Average Hours Mod'ing Per Wk. 5 Average Age Start Mod'ing 12 50 Game Camp Respondents to Date
  65. 65. Science MOD MOD‟ing MOD‟er Art SKIN SKIN‟ing SKIN‟er
  66. 66. Why do you modify games? 9 8 14 3 9 8 8 9 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Playing Yes Playing No Learning Yes Learning No Show Yes Show No Better Yes Better No
  67. 67. Math Engineering TechScience What are they learning? ?
  68. 68. Math Engineering TechScience ARTS What are they learning?
  69. 69. Math Engineering TechScience TEAMS What are they learning?
  70. 70. 22 48 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Graduate HS Graduate CC or TC Graduate University Plans for education Computer Science 20 Video Game Design 9 Design/Art 8 Write in to survey
  71. 71. Player Incr. hand-eye coord reaction time spatial visualization neuro-psych. tests visual attentiveness and mental rotation http://www.wehealnewyork.org/BI%20Surgeon%20teams%20up%20with%20Hollywood.htm James “Butch” Rosser, M.D., Chief of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Director of the Advanced Medical Technology Institute (AMTI) Beth Israel Medical Center in Manhattan According to Rosser‟s study, surgeons who currently play or previously played video games had a 37% reduction in errors and accomplish laparoscopic surgical tasks 27% quicker.
  72. 72. US Nano Soldier FCS 2020 defenselink.mil/news/Jul2004/n07272004_2004072705.html Game Builder – Nano Soldier
  73. 73. Neuro Evolved Robotic Operatives Agents cope with changing environments and situations, optimize resource management, and form adaptive tactical solutions in real time. Stanley, Bryant, Perry, Patterson, Gold, Thibault, Miikkulainen IC2 Institute: NERO Game Builder – AI for Sensors
  74. 74. Sys Admin
  75. 75. http://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/13599.htmlhttp://www.roadtraffic-technology.com/contractors/traffic_man/electrosonic/electrosonic1.html  BACK FLIP C4 Operations Centers Air Land Sea Space Cyber
  76. 76. REMIXING – Constructive media remixing TEAMS – Transdisciplinary communities of practice. SWARMING – Network socialization and learning (communal). GROUP – Global Generation? 1980 Emergence of the 5th World 198219641946 Boomers Generation X Millennials 46-64 65-79 82-Present 5th World 4th World = Digital Divide
  77. 77. Millennials Low Socio-Economic Status Goldberg‟s Crew, Houston Community College
  78. 78. Millennials Not Low Socio-Economic Status Ninja‟s Crew, Houston Community College
  79. 79. The toys we play with as children!
  80. 80. This study was funded by the State Farm Companies Foundation and by Dr. George Kozmetsky (1917-2003), founder of the IC² Institute. The study was designed and analyzed, and the report was written by a team at The University of Texas at Austin: Aliza Gold, Senior Producer and Researcher at the Digital Media Collaboratory, part of the IC² Institute Emily Durden, PhD candidate in Sociology Marjorie L. Kase, M.A. in Communication Shane Alluah, PhD candidate in Educational Psychology Ana Boa-Ventura, PhD candidate in Communication The research team would like to thank the participating schools and their administrators: Elgin Middle School Goodnight Middle school Miller Junior High Fleming Middle School
  81. 81. Low SES: More TV and More Video Games TV Games A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
  82. 82. A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
  83. 83. A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
  84. 84. A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
  85. 85. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 High school or less Community college/technical College degree or beyond How Much Education do You Want? White African American Latino Other How much education? A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
  86. 86. 22 48 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Graduate HS Graduate CC or TC Graduate University Plans for education Computer Science 20 Video Game Design 9 Design/Art 8 Write in to survey
  87. 87. Females Males Designer/Decorator Professional athlete Doctor Video Game Designer Cosmetologist Business Owner Lawyer Engineer Teacher Lawyer Business Owner Military Service Musician/Singer Auto Mechanic Cook/Chef Computer Programmer A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
  88. 88. • Students have professional aspirations, but lack knowledge about how to reach professional goals. • Opportunities to learn about and explore careers are not available at school or accessed by the majority of students. • Students lack knowledge about the context and content of careers. A. Gold, IC2 Institute, UT Austin, Forthcoming
  89. 89. Project #1: spaceTEAMS TEAMS Career and Academic Exploration and Planning with Robotics Project-based Learning
  90. 90. ITSA Greg White, UTSA: ”K-PhD”
  91. 91. ITSA Greg White, UTSA: ”K-PhD” PipelineStartyounger! TEAMS Northwest Vista College, San Antonio
  92. 92. Elementary spaceTEAMS San Antonio,TX Robot competition plus career and academic exploration and history of science and technology.
  93. 93. spaceTEAMS San Antonio,TX Middle School
  94. 94. US First-EISD Andrew Schuetze San Antonio,TX High School
  95. 95. spaceTEAMS San Antonio,TX Middle School Like football or volleyball but academic.
  96. 96. Project #2: TEAMS Workforce Initiative Workforce Attrition. Emerging Technology. ID Educational Solutions. Sponsor: None. Informal Collaboration.
  97. 97. alice.org
  98. 98. squeakland.org
  99. 99. Population: 1.4MM Growth: 1200/day Educational Sites 3 - 5 minutes EA online games 9 minutes AOL Entertainment 10 minutes Whyville.net 59 minutes Yahoo! Games 78 minutes MEAN TIME PER USER LOGIN Discovery.com: 96 million Whyville.net: 58.4 million BigChalk: 11 million Time for Kids: 8 million New York Times Learning Net: 1.2 million Cosmogirl: 425,000 PAGE VIEWS ©numedeon,inc.2003 The average time per log in July was 3.8 hours making it second to Neopets.
  100. 100. Whyville.net
  101. 101. Socialimpactgames.com
  102. 102. Summary
  103. 103. Conclusion
  104. 104. The End jim@ventureRAMP.com

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