Climate-SmartAgriculturePresented by:Irina PapusoiJimly Al FarabySeminar on Climate Change andRisk ManagementMay 6, 2013
What you can find here…• Introduction• Concept of CSA• FAO contributions for CSA• Landscape approach for CSA• Farming system and practice• Role of institution• Discussion
IntroductionLet’s watch the video!http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0V2xzEw44Y
What is CSA?Sustainably increasesproductivity andincomeStrengthens resilienceto climate change andvariabilityReduce agriculture’scontribution to climatechangeNational Food Securityand Development Goals
A landscape approach deals with large-scale processes in an integrated andmultidisciplinarymanner, combining natural resourcesmanagement with environmental andlivelihood considerations.Landscape Approachin CSA
Why Landscape Approach inCSA?• CSA practices and activities will be part oflandscapes and compete against other landuses helps to understand who participates in CSA and how theymay affected – positively and negatively.• Farm level change is necessary, but notsufficient.• Provides a way to scale up project-basedinitiatives into a coordinated national program.
Agriculture withNatural resourcesAgriculture withPolicies & TraditionsAgriculture with NaturalTechnologies & MarketsWhat can we do withLandscape Approach?(1) climate-smart practices at the field and farm scale;(2) diversity of land use across the landscape to provideresilience; and(3) management of land use interactions at a landscape scaleto achieve social, economic, and ecological impacts.Think of:Do:
Large enough to allow for the wide-reaching managementwithin the specified landscape, BUT small enough to allow allrelevant stakeholders in the landscape to participate indecision-making and planning.
Farming Systemand PracticesCrop Production SystemLivestock ProductionEfficiency and ResilienceFisheries and AquaculturesIntegrated System:• Conservation Agriculture• Agroforestry• Urban and peri-urban agriculture• Diversified and IntegratedFood - Energy Systems
Crop production• Changing→cropping patterns→planting dates→management techniques• Diversifying crop systems• Genetic resources and resilience• Adequate use of ground water
• Managing organic matter• Retaining soil moisture• Avoiding soil erosion• Increasing nutrient useefficiency• Controlling salinization• Pest and disease controlCrop production
Efficient and resilientFisheriesStrategic location of aquaculture infrastructureSelection of suitable stock (saline resistant speciesin zones facing sea level rise)Switching to herbivorous or omnivorous speciesPlanting mangroves in aquaculture areas
Integrated systems1. Minimal mechanical soildisturbance2. Maintenance of a mulch ofcarbon3. Rotations or sequences andassociations of cropsConservationAgriculture
• Home gardens withmultipurpose trees andshrubs• Intercropping of trees andcrops (timber/cereal; annualcrops/first years of forest ororchards plantations)• Silvopasture• Shelterbelts, windbreaks,fodder banks, live fences,etcAgroforestryIntegrated systems
Integrated systems• Crop and livestock systems: recycling• Fish and crop• Urban and Periurban Agriculture• Integrated Food Energy System:– Food and energy crops (trees)– Use of by-products of one product toproduce another one (e.g. Biogas)– Solar, photovoltaic, geothermal, wind andwater power
Role of Institutions• Enabling policy environment• Production and dissemination of information• Climate data and information gaps• Dissemination mechanisms- Farmer FieldSchools (FFS)• Improve access coordination and collectiveaction• Support financing and insurance needs