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Music in   AntiquityMusic 314 - Music History   Lourdes College
Historical Traces of         Music Physical Objects (Instruments) Visual Images Writings about Music and  Musicians No...
Prehistoric Music Before 36,000 BCE - Whistles and  flutes from stone age in europe 6,000 BCE - Turkish cave paintings  ...
Ancient Mesopotamia   Several cultures, first cities, first known form of writing   Clay tablets in cuneiform mention mu...
Ancient Mesopotamian         instruments Surviving instruments include: Lyres and harps Lutes and pipes Drums, bells, ...
Uses of music in       mesopotamia Ritual - weddings, funerals Daily life - nursery songs, work  songs, dance music Fes...
Written records from     mesopotamia Written records of instruments,  tuning procedures, performers,  techniques, and gen...
Babylonia 1800 BCE Instructions for tuning a string  instrument using a seven note diatonic  scale Development of interv...
Other ancient         civilizatons Instruments, writings and images of  musical culture have survived from  India and chi...
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Chapter 1 - Ancient Music

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Chapter 1 - Ancient Music

  1. 1. Music in AntiquityMusic 314 - Music History Lourdes College
  2. 2. Historical Traces of Music Physical Objects (Instruments) Visual Images Writings about Music and Musicians Notated Music
  3. 3. Prehistoric Music Before 36,000 BCE - Whistles and flutes from stone age in europe 6,000 BCE - Turkish cave paintings show drummers and dancers 4,000 BCE - Bronze age instruments (bells, cymbals, horns 4,000 BCE - Stone carvings show string instruments
  4. 4. Ancient Mesopotamia Several cultures, first cities, first known form of writing Clay tablets in cuneiform mention music Pictures show musicians with instruments
  5. 5. Ancient Mesopotamian instruments Surviving instruments include: Lyres and harps Lutes and pipes Drums, bells, other percussion instruments Evidence of music survives from the ruling class
  6. 6. Uses of music in mesopotamia Ritual - weddings, funerals Daily life - nursery songs, work songs, dance music Festival entertainment Religious ceremonies Story-telling songs
  7. 7. Written records from mesopotamia Written records of instruments, tuning procedures, performers, techniques, and genres (types of musical compositions) Earliest known composer: Enheduanna (high priestess of ur) She composed hymns to various gods and goddesses Only the text of her hymns survive
  8. 8. Babylonia 1800 BCE Instructions for tuning a string instrument using a seven note diatonic scale Development of interval theory, used to create the earliest known notation (1300 BCE) Not enough known about the system to put it into modern notation Most music, however, performed from memory or improvised Bablyonian musical theory seems to have influenced the later greeks
  9. 9. Other ancient civilizatons Instruments, writings and images of musical culture have survived from India and china, but did not influence greek or european music Egyptian sources includes artifacts, paintings, and writings, but no notated music Bible describes religious musical practices in ancient Israel

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