Gone is the job for life with its planned career structure and company training scheme. Gone is the clear functional identity and the progressive rise in income and security. Instead there is a world of customers and clients, adding value, lifelong learning, portfolio careers, self development, and an overwhelming need to stay employable.
such as telework, portfolio, self-employment, subcontracting, temporary employment; organisations have become flatter, smaller and leaner; Rapid change Quicker development Global competition China Offshoring Flexible working An Interior Designer who works for a large design company 3 days a week, might also consult with private clients on other days as well as be the bookkeeper for another family business. An IT Specialist has negotiated a 4 day week and spends the 5th day working in a book shop while studying public relations and communications by distance learning. These are just some examples. If you’re motivated by constant change and variety and think that a portfolio career could be a satisfying and rewarding one, start making a list of the types of work you would like to do, after all, where is it written that we can only have one job at a time?
Empowerment means responsibility Employees are sharing more of the risk Decline in 1856 8 hour day and conventional 40 hour week Employees required to self manager careers and maintain their own employability Loyalty replaced by attachment to career rather than to org Flexibility Employers cannot be expected to manage employees' careers in this environment Employees must be career self reliant, proactive and informed Employers can provide a framework that supports and informs employees so that they can manage their own careers within the available opportunities Work is no longer a place to go but what one does The focus is on skills and the added value that an employee can contribute Career paths are increasingly non-hierarchical Continuous learning is fundamental to having a career and staying employable Connectedness (through people networks and to up to the minute ideas in your professional area) is critical to career success Career self reliance is based on self knowledge and knowledge of what is required and available in your work environment. It needs to be reality tested. Work is more demanding
This is particularly important in the fast-changing 21st century, where students and even teachers can expect to follow several different career paths during their working life. In fact, some of the jobs they will do probably haven’t been invented yet!
Expect to have several different jobs in your career, expect to train and change industries, expect to compete with job seekers on a global scale, expect to se changes in recruiting and job seeking, expect to have a better work life balance than the current working arrangements for many, expect the unexpected. However expect to take more control, be more empower and responsibility, expect to know yourself more and know your skills The drivers of future jobs and skills are technology, globalisation and social norms. It is impossible to predict with certainty what jobs will disappear and what will emerge, or the skill requirements in these jobs, but analyses of historical data together with current practice in the workplace may provide indicators to or a plausible picture of what might happen in the future. Just because there may be a decline in the growth of jobs requiring particular skills does not necessarily mean that there will be no demand for those skills. This is because job openings are a result of employment growth and turnover in jobs. Secretaries don’t exist today, typists don’t exist, street sweepers drive trucks and mail sorters operate machines
Encourage them to do free online personality assessments and fill out questionnaires about what they like doing, ask them to think about their interests and preferences. Knowing yourself and what you are seeking at work will enable you to see opportunity and build a career that is satisfying in a constantly changing environment. This will enable you to see opportunities and build a career that is satisfying in a constantly changing environment.
These skills enable people to manage the processes of career progression and effective learning over the course of their working life. Employers and business aren’t sure where they are headed either with the changes they need to work though so they will and so seek people who can think, research, love confusion and change and who are happy
youthcentral is a young fresh website which offers a range of information and advice on issues like jobs, study, travel, money and events in your local area - wherever you live in Victoria - whilst offering opportunities for you to participate Commonwealth Government site offering career information and resources Peter & Bridges Chares Hardy Portfolio Lives,
21st century careers
'21st Century Careers' Skills, Career Paths & Jobs Jill Noble Pivotal HR
Introduction <ul><li>Qualified Career Guidance Consultant, Author and Speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Run a HR Consulting practice and private careers practice specialising in IT industry and related careers </li></ul><ul><li>AIIA (Australian Information Industry Association) Victorian Committee Member </li></ul>
Objective <ul><ul><ul><li>To discuss the changing world of work, and the control and responsibility that people have for their careers today. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To help school students, teachers and current job seekers understand the skills that are in demand and the skills that will assist individuals in careers. </li></ul></ul></ul>
Changes within IT Requires expertise in an area of specialisation, as well as a solid understanding of the company’s technologies overall. Breath & depth of technological expertise Needed expertise in their given specialty. Must understand the blend of off-the-shelf systems that require customisation, internally designed systems, internally customised systems and component based applicants requiring close contact with outside vendors and internal design teams. Primarily worked with legacy Systems, or systems which needed building from scratch Needs strong relationship-building skills and demonstrated communication abilities with all divisions in the company, & understand basic business principles Primarily interfaced with the IT department. Must possess the ability to multi-task and manage multiple priorities. Worked on a single project at a time. Skills for Today’s IT Professional Traditional IT Professionals
Changing world of work <ul><li>New technologies: growing use of information and communication technology </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in the service sector </li></ul><ul><li>New forms of work </li></ul><ul><li>Integration – shared success </li></ul><ul><li>Globalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Ageing workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Changing management structures </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing participation of women in the workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Growing number of SME's </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing work pace and work load. </li></ul>
People/Skills in Demand <ul><li>Analytical, but also quick on their feet </li></ul><ul><li>With a global view </li></ul><ul><li>Excellence in functional expertise + entrepreneurial spirit + decision making </li></ul><ul><li>People skills - sensitivity to different cultures and markets </li></ul><ul><li>Energetic and enthusiastic </li></ul><ul><li>Team oriented & Flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Able to contribute immediately – hit the ground running </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong learning, have learned to learn </li></ul>
What does this mean for employees of the future? <ul><li>Stronger focus on recruitment based on values, motivational fit and learning agility </li></ul><ul><li>More rigorous performance appraisal and measurement </li></ul><ul><li>No lifetime, linear careers </li></ul><ul><li>Spiral career paths rather than hierarchical career paths </li></ul><ul><li>Greater mobility between companies and countries </li></ul><ul><li>Career skills essential </li></ul>
Jobs 6% of all the jobs in the US disappear every year, to be replaced by new, quite unrelated, ones Rethinking of the entire concept Jobs or ME. Pty Ltd
What students need to be <ul><li>Specialist- be an expert at something (e.g. computing; geophysics; engineering; marine biology; psychology) </li></ul><ul><li>Generalist- general business skills and knowledge (e.g.: written communication; problem-solving; </li></ul><ul><li>Self Reliant- skills to manage your career and personal development (e.g. confidence; self-awareness; action-planning; political awareness) </li></ul><ul><li>Connected- team players (e.g. management skills; meeting skills; negotiation skills; networking skills) </li></ul>Extract from: "Skills for Graduates in 21st Century" , 1995.
How to help students prepare <ul><li>Help them to know themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Think about what they might be seeking at work </li></ul><ul><li>Have them ask themselves some questions – components, structure, processes, flexibility, travel, S&W. </li></ul>
Skills to ensure they benefit from the changes <ul><li>Be technology savvy </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive to change </li></ul><ul><li>Learned optimism </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Be results focused </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous growth & learning </li></ul><ul><li>Self development </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship building skills </li></ul>
More Information <ul><li>www.aiia.com.au </li></ul><ul><li>www.youthcentral.vic.gov.au </li></ul><ul><li>www.myfutures.edu.au </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting Groups- McKinsey, BGC, Mercer etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Books: How to find work in the 21 st Century – Ron McGowan </li></ul><ul><li>AACC – www.aacc.org.au </li></ul>