Your ProfessionalDevelopment File Image by : bnielsen Used under a Creative Commons licence
• A Discourse Analysis of the five practitioner lectures (1500 words).• A Career Plan (1500 words).• Participation which includes your general attendance which will be monitored, your individual presentation power- point slides, your CV, questions for the practitioners To do and your group practitioner list… seminar materials. Image by : warszawianka Used under a Creative Commons licence
General Warning!• If you miss a session from which you need to produce a piece of work, you will need to find another students to help you catch up.• Staff can only help to catch up on missed work on receipt of evidence that backs up the legitimacy of your absence.• Both the discourse analysis and the career plan need their own bibliography. Image by : zeimusu Used under a Creative Commons licence
Your• This should be a comparison of the practitioner talks: Image by : Kino Praxis Used under a Creative Commons licenc
Discourse Analysis• ‘Discourse Analysis involves a perspective on language, which sees this not as reflecting reality in a transparent or straightforward way but as constructing and organising that social reality for us’ (Tonkiss 1998 p246)• ‘Readings’ of the same event/situation/discourse may be interpreted or decoded in a number of different ways. Image by : Kino Praxis Used under a Creative Commons licence
Analysingthe talk• We need to look at the meanings that the practitioner is mobilising and using, and try and understand their interpretation.• Can you see particular terms, phrases or ideas coming out in the talk?• We sometimes refer to particular key Image by Orion 8. Used words or phrases as ‘tags’ under a Wikimedia Commons licence.
Important issues to Image by Anna Bal used under a look for:GNU Free Documentation License • Professionalism and Power • Organisational cultures • Dominant values and norms • Managerialism and multi-agency partnerships • Criminological theories
Professionalism and Power• ‘According to Foucault discourse is the key to power…its not the overt domination of one group by another, but the acceptance…that there exists a …coherent text underlying all the paradoxes of life.’ (Worrall 2001 p95)• Professions often have knowledge that others do not have.• This gives them a certain amount of power over others who do not possess the same knowledge or Image by Roy Bush used under a expertise. GNU Free Documentatio
Jargon rules!• Talk to offender managers (OM’s) or Regional Offender Managers (ROM’s) from the national probation service (NPS), you will find that their PPO everyday language is shot through with acronyms. O M S OT CARAT Y MAPPP N Image by Abdelhk DTTO Used under a Wikimedia Commons licence
YOT’s (Youth offending Teams)• YOT’s are made up of representatives from the police, Probation Service, social services, health, education, drugs and alcohol misuse and housing officers.• YOT’s identify suitable programmes to address the needs of young people with the intention of preventing further offending. Image by US Navy used under a Wikimedia Commons licence
CARAT’s ???? Image by Kander. Used under a Wikimedia Commons licence• Counselling, Assessment, Referral, Advice and Throughcare.• Everyone coming into prison who is identified as having a drug problem is assessed, given advice about their misusing, and referred to other services such as drug treatment programmes, housing, employment and external Drugs Intervention Teams to prepare for release.
OASys ??!!?? Image by Kjetil r. Used under a Wikimedia• Offender Assessment System Commons licence• A risk assessment and sentence planning tool for identifying offender related needs such as the lack of accommodation; poor education and employment skills; substance misuse; relationship problems; Thinking and attitude skills and the risk that they pose to the public.
Now you are MAPPA just being silly!!! Image by Roke used under a GNU Free Document• Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements:• The name given to arrangements for the "responsible authorities" tasked with the management of registered sex offenders, violent and other types of sexual offenders, and offenders who pose a serious risk of harm to the public.• These authorities might include Probation, Prison and Police.
CALM (Controlling Angerand Learning to Manage it)• CALM is a nationally accredited programme for adult male offenders 18 and over.• It is designed for those offenders with anger control difficulties which are linked to offending. Its goal is to reduce aggression by targeting anger. Image by the UK government. Used under a Wikimedia Commons licence
…and there’s more!• DAT’s (Drug Action Teams)• YJB (Youth Justice Board)• PPO’s (Prolific, Priority Offenders)• DTTO’s (Drug Treatment and Testing Order)• NTA (National Treatment agency) Image by the people from the Tango . Used under a Wikimedia Commons licence
Organisational culture• Within organisations, values and norms shared by people or groups that affect the way in which those individuals interact with others may signify an organisational culture.• Look for the values and norms that the practitioner promotes.• Can you detect an organisational Image by : Kundhan karunakar Used under a culture or a number of competing Creative Commons licence cultures?
Some pertinent values and norms:• How do they deal with ‘crime’/ or what they see as ‘their problem’.• How they refer to their ‘service users’?• What appears to be their underlying ethos…welfare/justice/crime control?• How do they talk about their colleagues?• How do they talk about Image by Vector Graphics used under a GNU Free Documentation License other organisations?
Managerialism• Since the 1980’s ‘Corporatism’, with its emphasis on management, performance and cost effectiveness has been particularly important.• Corporatism means the process of putting together different organisations with the aim of identifying and dealing with a common goal. Image by Soco Perez used under a GNU Free Documentation License
Managerialism• Does the practitioner talk about things related to performance, efficiency, value for money/cost effectiveness or performance indicators?• Do they have the goals in common with other related organisations or are there possible contradictions? Image by Evan Amos Used under a Wikimedia Commons licence
Multi-agency partnerships• Partnerships as a mode of governance began to gain ground throughout the 80’s and 90’s building on a historical tradition of attempts to create ‘joined up’ government.• This was due to the increased fragmentation and complexity of the public sector.• Neo-liberalism encourages rolling back state control and bringing in market forces to underpin public services. Image by : Merlin 2525 Used under a Creative Commons licence
Managerialism andmulti-agency partnerships• What fundamental aims do the practitioners have?• Are these the same as the ones that their organisation apparently adopts?• How do they measure and evaluate their aims and successes?• What other agencies do they work with?• Do those agencies have compatible aims or are there contradictions? Image by : zeimusu Used under a Creative Commons licence
Equality/equal opportunities• Equal opportunities is an important concept within all organisations, both in terms of service users and employees.• Does the practitioner talk about equal opportunities or equality?• How is equality of opportunity ensured?• Might race, class, gender, disability or age be significant in their work? Image by : warszawianka Used under a Creative Commons licence
Models of partnership.• What models of partnership might they talk about?• Public/private partnerships.• Central and local public service delivery.• Local community based partnerships.• Public/private/voluntary sector. Image by : Netalloy Used under a Creative Commons licence
Can you spot the underlying theories? • Risk Management • Rehabilitation • New/Old Penology • Right or left realism • Authoritarian populism • Labelling • Classicism • Positivism• Radical Criminology/Criminalisation. Image by : Ken2754@Yokohama Used under a Creative Commons licence
Career plan• Needs to be informed by academic and professional sources. Look at:• Where am I now?• Where do I want to be?• How do I get there? Image by : CJ Used under a Creative Commons licence
Where am I now?• Reflect on your current skills base including: degree, part time work, volunteering, skills/interests.• Sources may include module and degree descriptors, internet sites for organisations, UoL careers site, sports and recreation sites, Prospects etc. Image by : Kalavinka Used under a Creative Commons licence
Where do I want to be?• Could look at jobs, post graduate education, volunteering, travelling, business start up, prospects and job search sites.• Theoretically underpin by DOTS analysis, organisational cultures, managerialism, performance indicators, conservativism, neo-liberalism, government policy• Talk to careers staff. Images by : freefotouk, Brewbooks and Wyrmworld Used under a Creative Commons licence
How do I get there?• Identify the skills that you will need by looking at organisational websites.• Match these to the skills that you already have.• Reflect on where you can get the skills that you don’t have. Image by : feraliminal Used under a Creative Commons licence
What we are looking for in the assessment:• Informed reflection on yourself, your skills and your degree.• Smart presentation.• A good level of English with no spelling mistakes.• Theoretically informed discourse analysis that shows an analytical understanding of the practitioners experience and interpretation of their organisation.• The use of suitable bibliographical references that relate to the work in the file.• An appropriate level of knowledge on graduate employability.