Chapter 8 and Chapter 14 Newspapers and the Culture of journalism


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Chapter 8 and Chapter 14 Newspapers and the Culture of journalism

  1. 1. Chapters 8 and 14 – Newspapers and the Culture of Journalism While these slides were created using material from the above textbook, they are not official presentations from the publisher, Bedford/St. Martin’s. In addition, many slides may contain professor’s supplemental notes on various media topics.
  2. 2. “People don’t actually read newspapers. They step into them every morning like a hot bath.” Marshall McLuhan
  3. 3. “Real news is bad news—bad news about somebody, or bad news for somebody.” Marshall McLuhan
  4. 4. In This Chapter…
  5. 5. Terms FYI…
  6. 6. “Types” of Journalism 1. Yellow journalism 2. Objective journalism (inverted pyramid) 3. Interpretive journalism 4. Advocacy journalism 5. Precision journalism 6. Literary journalism 7. Consensus-oriented journalism 8. Conflict-oriented journalism On the next Evaluation, you will find five fill-in-the-blank questions over these. Go over them in your textbook.
  7. 7. Current Statistics and Issues • Declining Readership: – 1971 – 78% of adults read the paper once a day – 2007 – 51% do • Declining Dailies: – 1950-2006 the number of daily papers in the United States dropped from 1,772 to 1,452
  8. 8. Information Overload
  9. 9. News Values • Today’s News Definition: – News - the process of gathering information and making narrative reports—edited by individuals in for- profit news organizations—that offer selected frames of reference; within those frames, news helps the public make sense of prominent people, important events, and unusual happenings in everyday life.
  10. 10. Newsvalues and The “GateKeeping” Process • News Values – Newsworthiness – Proximity – Timeliness – Impact – Prominence – Conflict – Human Interest
  11. 11. Newspapers and Democracy • Of all mass media, newspapers have played the longest and strongest role in sustaining democracy. • We need heroic reporters to go where we cannot. • What is a “free country” without a “free press”? • Between 1996-2003, 338 reporters have been killed trying to do their jobs—one-hundred of them were murdered.
  12. 12. • Critics say: – The formulaic design and reporting styles discourage new approaches to telling stories and reporting news. – One-city newspapers only cover issues that impact upper-middle-class readers and don’t report enough on issues impacting the poor and working class folks. – Chain ownership takes away the emphasis on serving a community— and instead, focuses on profits. – Chain ownership discourages watchdog journalism—for fear of offending investors or advertisers. Newspapers and Democracy
  13. 13. • Twitter • Blogs • Other Social Media • RSS Feeds • Jon Stewart
  14. 14. Fake News • The Daily Show with Jon Stewart • The Colbert Report • Their humor is in poking fun at the typical conventions the media use to tell stories. • Audiences, particularly younger ones, have grown tired of the same old formulaic packaging of sound bites and newscasts. “There’s no journalist today, real or fake, who is more significant for people 18 to 25.” --Seth Siegel, advertising and branding consultant, talking about Jon Stewart What about The Onion?