Chapter 14 The Culture Of Journalism


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Chapter 14 The Culture Of Journalism

  1. 1. Chapter 14 – The Culture of Journalism<br />While these slides were created using material from the above textbook, they are not official presentations from the publisher, Bedford/St. Martin’s. In addition, many slides may contain professor’s supplemental notes on various media topics.<br />
  2. 2. “Real news is bad news—bad news about somebody, or bad news for somebody.”<br />Marshall McLuhan<br />
  3. 3. In This Chapter…<br />Information Overload<br />News Values<br />Clashing Issues<br />Fake News<br />
  4. 4. Let’s Check Today’s News…<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  5. 5. Information Overload<br />Two Issues:<br />1. We are producing too much information—much of it “unchecked data” mainly on the Internet <br />Neil Postman’s quote: “information glut”, where with developments in new technology, we have transformed news and information into “a form of garbage”<br />2. The amount of information the media provide has little impact on improving public and political life—leaving many people to feel cut off from major institutions, including journalism<br />
  6. 6. News Values<br />Newsworthiness – information most worthy of transformation into news stories<br />Criteria generally include:<br />Timeliness<br />Proximity<br />Conflict<br />Prominence<br />Human interest<br />Consequence<br />Usefulness<br />Novelty<br />Deviance<br />Journalists are professionally socialized to select and develop news stories based on different combinations of these criteria.<br />
  7. 7. News Values<br />Today’s News Definition:<br />News - the process of gathering information and making narrative reports—edited by individuals in for-profit news organizations—that offer selected frames of reference; within those frames, news helps the public make sense of prominent people, important events, and unusual happenings in everyday life.<br />
  8. 8. <ul><li>Ethical Questions:
  9. 9. What public good is being served here?
  10. 10. What significant public knowledge will be gained through the exploitation of a tragic private moment?</li></ul>Clashing Issues<br />Society of Professional Journalists Code of Ethics<br />Clashing Issues:<br />“The news media must guard against invading a person’s right to privacy.”<br />“The public’s right to know of events of public importance and interest is the overriding mission of the mass media.”<br />
  11. 11. Clashing Issues<br />Conflict of Interest – any situation where journalists may benefit personally from stories they produce.<br />SPJ: “Gifts, favors, free travel, special treatment or privileges can compromised the integrity of journalists and their employers. Nothing of value should be accepted.”<br />
  12. 12. Fake News<br />The Daily Show with Jon Stewart<br />The Colbert Report <br />Their humor is in poking fun at the typical conventions the media use to tell stories.<br />Audiences, particularly younger ones, have grown tired of the same old formulaic packaging of sound bites and newscasts.<br />“There’s no journalist today, real or fake, who is more significant for people 18 to 25.”<br />--Seth Siegel, advertising and branding consultant, talking about Jon Stewart<br />