NPG Open Access


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NPG Open Access

  1. 1. NPG Library Advisory Meeting April 2010 Open Access  &              Academic Research Libraries In North America
  2. 2. The Premise of Open Access <ul><li>Information wants to be free or does it? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Phrase coined by Stewart Brand in 1984 at the first Hacker's Conference </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The actual quote: &quot;On the one hand information wants to be expensive, because it's so valuable. The right information in the right place just changes your life. On the other hand, information wants to be free, because the cost of getting it out is getting lower and lower all the time. So you have these two fighting against each other.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. Association Support for Open Access <ul><li>Three academic  research initiatives supporting open access in North America: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Association of Research Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Association of College & Research Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 4. The ARL Leaders for Open Access <ul><li>California Digital Library: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Cornell University: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>University of Michigan: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Barriers in North America <ul><li>NIH-only major mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Impact factors still not high enough (caveat--they are climbing) </li></ul><ul><li>Few university mandates (again growing demand by higher education institutions) </li></ul><ul><li>No concerted national effort </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  6. 6. Forces Encouraging Change <ul><li>Financial crisis </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>More mandates at both private & public Universities </li></ul><ul><li>More faculty /researcher awareness of the costs of publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Impact factors growing for select OA publishers (PLoS, BMC) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Future of OA in the ARL Libraries <ul><li>Libraries will partner with hybrid options </li></ul><ul><li>Any OA Publisher who can publish fast and deliver impact factor will continue to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Fees will need to be reasonable and within market scale </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  8. 8. Thank You Jill Emery, The University of Texas Libraries [email_address]