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The Jerusalem
The secular and the modern
orthodox communities
Meir Kraus
The Jerusalem Mainstream
• Jerusalem Population Wide Context
• The Jerusalem Mainstream Characteristics
• The Challenge
• ...
TheDiversePopulationofJerusalem
Arabs
37%
Ultra-
Orthodox
Jews
21%
The
Jerusalem
Mainstream
42%
The Jerusalem Mosaic• Secu...
JerusalemSocio-EconomicStatus
Standards of living
The Jerusalem Mainstream
TheJerusalemMainstreamCharacteristics Socio-
Economic
Characteristics
Religious
Characteristics
Demographic
Characteristic...
Strengthen the connection between the Mainstream
communities and the city of Jerusalem.
Making the city more attractive to...
InfluentialFactors
Employment
Housing
Culture
Education
Community
“There are jobs in my line of work in Jerusalem but most...
InfluentialFactors
Employment
Housing
Culture
Education
Community
Bio-tech Industry
Cultural
institutions Academic
institu...
StrategiesforCopingwiththeChallenge
Employment Housing Culture Education Community
Incentives
for
employing
workers in
the...
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The jerusalem mainstream הצגה לקרן ברי

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פילנתרופים מקרן ראסל ברי האמריקאית הגיעו לביקור בישראל במרץ 2015, וביקשו לקבל מידע אודות האוכלוסיה ה"כללית" בירושלים, שאינה חרדית ואינה ערבית- נתונים דמוגרפיים, אתגרים וחסמים.

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The jerusalem mainstream הצגה לקרן ברי

  1. 1. The Jerusalem The secular and the modern orthodox communities Meir Kraus
  2. 2. The Jerusalem Mainstream • Jerusalem Population Wide Context • The Jerusalem Mainstream Characteristics • The Challenge • Influential Factors • Strategies for Coping with the Challenge
  3. 3. TheDiversePopulationofJerusalem Arabs 37% Ultra- Orthodox Jews 21% The Jerusalem Mainstream 42% The Jerusalem Mosaic• Secular & Modern Orthodox in Jerusalem – 344,700 • Total population in Tel Aviv – Yafo 418,600 • Total population in Haifa 273,200 A Question of Perception • An Ultra orthodox city? • An Arab city?
  4. 4. JerusalemSocio-EconomicStatus Standards of living The Jerusalem Mainstream
  5. 5. TheJerusalemMainstreamCharacteristics Socio- Economic Characteristics Religious Characteristics Demographic Characteristics Geographic Characteristics Secular Religious Young adults Elderly Creative Class Service & Working Class Inner City Outer Neighborhoods 30% 41% 29% 32% in Academic Professions 17% in Service & Sales Work Employed persons Median age: 30 14% age 65+ 18% age 20- 34 Small apartments Secular culture Public transit oriented Lower housing prices Private car oriented Attractive to families 35,000 Students
  6. 6. Strengthen the connection between the Mainstream communities and the city of Jerusalem. Making the city more attractive to those communities. Thus, encouraging young people to call the city home. TheChallengeofJerusalem
  7. 7. InfluentialFactors Employment Housing Culture Education Community “There are jobs in my line of work in Jerusalem but most of the valued and high wage jobs are located in Tel Aviv” (Secular, economist, 27) “We like to live in Jerusalem but we couldn’t afford the high housing prices” (Observant, emigrated to Kfar Etzion, 31) “Lately, a good atmosphere is developing in the city with great culture and sport events” (Observant, 26) “Since I was a little girl, I knew I wanted to study in Jerusalem and for me this includes living here” (Secular, Student in the Hebrew University, 24) “As a young secular woman, I feel like a stranger in my own city.. ..In practice, it’s not pleasant to be part of a minority” (Secular, 29)
  8. 8. InfluentialFactors Employment Housing Culture Education Community Bio-tech Industry Cultural institutions Academic institutions Community councils Public sector Art and design institutions Finding a job in the engineering and technology fields Housing prices Culture events on Shabbat Leaving after graduation Tension between population group Construction starts Connecting art and design schools to cultural initiatives Diverse population National effort to attract high-tech industry Construction in the surrounding local authorities Migration of ultra-orthodox into mainstream neighborhoods University graduates Civil society Sense of community
  9. 9. StrategiesforCopingwiththeChallenge Employment Housing Culture Education Community Incentives for employing workers in the high tech field Studying in several academic institutions simultaneously Joint efforts to increase construction starts Incentives for cultural institutions Supplemental educational programs in schools Internship programs in the public sector Establishing young communities in the neighborhoods Developing culture projects on Shabbat Utilizing neighborhood resources for the use of the community Development of open spaces by the community Incentives for studying in Jerusalem academic institutions Culture projects for youth Large scale cultural events Encourage urban renewal
  10. 10. Thank you!

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