BROWNS VS. BOARD OF EDUCATION

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BROWNS VS. BOARD OF EDUCATION

  1. 1. Brown vs. Board of Education Presented by:
  2. 2. Discussion of a Case Study <ul><li>Educates other people about laws, rules, rights and past historical cases </li></ul><ul><li>Helps you see principles of constitution being put into action </li></ul><ul><li>Applies cases to real life situations </li></ul><ul><li>To appreciate the right an individual has to an equal education </li></ul>
  3. 3. Case Study Overview <ul><li>Linda Brown, a black school girl </li></ul><ul><li>Resided in Topeka, Kansas </li></ul><ul><li>Denied privileges to a white school </li></ul><ul><li>Violated the Fourteenth Amendment </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brown v. Board of Education   <ul><li>Brown v. Board of Education  was not the first challenge to school segregation. As early as 1849, African Americans filed suit against an educational system that mandated racial segregation, in the case of Roberts v. City of Boston. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Brown v. Board of Education   <ul><li>Oliver Brown, the case namesake, was just one of the nearly 200 plaintiffs from five states who were part of the NAACP cases brought before the Supreme Court in 1951. The Kansas case was named for Oliver  Brown  as a legal strategy to have a man head the plaintiff roster </li></ul>
  6. 6. Brown v. Board of Education   <ul><li>The Supreme Court combined five cases under the heading of  Brown  v. Board of Education, because each sought the same legal remedy. The combined cases emanated from Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia and Washington, DC. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>September 8,1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Separate but equal </li></ul><ul><li>African – American community leader took action against the segregation in America’s schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Linda Brown forced to ride bus fives miles to school each day </li></ul><ul><li>Society encouraged segregation for white and blacks </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Case Study <ul><ul><li>Challenged the separate but equal policy of the Topeka school district </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Court ruled in a unanimous decision that it violated the children’ s 14 th Amendment rights by separating them solely on the classification of the color of their skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School board went to court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NAACP helped Brown with the case </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. VERDICT &quot;EQUAL PROTECTION OF THE LAWS&quot; <ul><li>1957 President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent National Guard troops to Little Rock High School to protect the first entering black students. </li></ul><ul><li>Paved the way for the country to realize the dream of the NAACP; to help change America forever . </li></ul><ul><li>Segregation in schools was said to be unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><li>Dismantled the legal basis for racial segregation in schools and other public facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Not simply about children and education. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision inspired and galvanized human rights struggles across the country and around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court combined five cases under the heading of Brown v. Board of Education, because each sought the same legal remedy . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Thurgood Marshall <ul><li>Primary leader in the civil rights movement during the 1950’s & 1960’s </li></ul><ul><li>A distinguished lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Specialized in civil rights cases & practiced before the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Served on NAACP counsel </li></ul><ul><li>First Black appointed to the Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Argued the Brown case before the Supreme Court </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In this milestone decision, the Supreme Court ruled that separating children in public schools on the basis of race was unconstitutional. It signaled the end of legalized racial segregation in the schools of the United States, overruling the &quot;separate but equal&quot; principle set forth in the 1896  Plessy v. Ferguson  case. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Resources <ul><li>Brown v Board of Education Topeka Kansas.doc </li></ul><ul><li>http://brownvboard.org/summary/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-brown.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/early-civilrights/brown.html </li></ul>
  13. 14. Civil Rights Brands Labor Inventions Elections $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500
  14. 15. Discussion and Journal Questions <ul><li>Imagine you were a black person in 1910. </li></ul><ul><li>How would you fight against segregation? </li></ul><ul><li>What could you do to help your community? </li></ul><ul><li>Why would the education of your children be so important to you? </li></ul>

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