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<ul><li>Our Personality shapes our  behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the behavior of someone </li></ul><ul><li>in...
<ul><li>personality </li></ul><ul><li>Why  are  some people </li></ul><ul><li>quite and passive ,while  </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>It  doesn`t mean that  a person  has  </li></ul><ul><li>charm , a positive attitude  towards  life, </li></ul><ul>...
According to  psycholosists  : <ul><li>Personality means a dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>concept describing the growth and </l...
<ul><li>For  our  purposes , </li></ul><ul><li>You  should think of personality as the sum total of ways in which  an indi...
Personality  appears for  HEREDITARY   and  ENVIRONMENT   factor . <ul><li>heredity   </li></ul>It refers , Physical struc...
<ul><li>environment  </li></ul>In this personality formation are the culture in which we are raised. It plays role in shap...
The characteristics which are exhibited in a large number of situations , are called  PERSONALITY  TRAITS . <ul><li>The tr...
The  Myer – Briggs  Type  Indicator <ul><li>Most widely  used  personality – assessment </li></ul><ul><li>instrument  in t...
<ul><li>On the basis  of  The answers  individual give  to  the  test and Classified  as  following  4   aspects according...
 
MBTI  Frame work Source  Of  Energy : -
Collecting  Information : -
 
Decision  making :-
 
Understanding  the  world :-
<ul><li>The classification of  MBTI  framework are </li></ul><ul><li>combined into 16 personality types. </li></ul><ul><li...
 
<ul><li>USE  :- </li></ul><ul><li>It is valuable tool  for increasing  </li></ul><ul><li>self – awareness and for  providi...
<ul><li>Lewis Goldberg  proposed  a five-  </li></ul><ul><li>dimension  personality  model, </li></ul><ul><li>nicknamed  t...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Core Self-evaluation RISK TAKING SELF MONITORING Narcissism Proactive personality Personality type Machiavellianism PERSON...
The degree to which an individual likes or dislikes himself or herself whether the person sees himself or herself as capab...
Machiavellianism Machiavellianism (Mach) Degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance, and bel...
<ul><li>A Narcissistic Person  </li></ul><ul><li>Has grandiose sense of self-importance </li></ul><ul><li>Requires excessi...
Self-Monitoring Self-Monitoring A personality trait that measures an individual’s ability to adjust his or her behavior to...
<ul><li>High Risk-taking Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make quicker decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use less informa...
<ul><li>always moving, walking, and eating rapidly; </li></ul><ul><li>feel impatient with the rate at which most events ta...
<ul><li>never suffer from a sense of time urgency with its accompanying impatience; </li></ul><ul><li>feel no need to disp...
Personality Types Proactive Personality Identifies opportunities, shows initiative, takes action, and perseveres until mea...
Definition of value. Values represent basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct is socially or personally preferab...
Values… <ul><li>Induce a person to do or not to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>Value contain a judgmental element in that...
IMPORTANCE  OF  VALUES <ul><li>Part of culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Value lay the foundation for our understanding </li></ul...
Rokeach Value survey <ul><li>Terminal values </li></ul><ul><li>This values are the goals of person </li></ul><ul><li>would...
<ul><li>Personality and values to the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of both Personality and values. </li></ul><ul...
 
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Personality & values

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This is Jigisha Chauhan here, From Parul Institute Od management. This PPT is made by me. .This is related to OB subject....

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Personality & values

  1. 2. <ul><li>Our Personality shapes our behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand the behavior of someone </li></ul><ul><li>in an organization ,it helps to know </li></ul><ul><li>something about his/her personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Values shapes many of our work- </li></ul><ul><li>related behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>The word &quot;personality&quot; originates from </li></ul><ul><li>the Latin persona , which means mask. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>personality </li></ul><ul><li>Why are some people </li></ul><ul><li>quite and passive ,while </li></ul><ul><li>others are loud and </li></ul><ul><li>aggressive ??? </li></ul><ul><li>Are certain personality </li></ul><ul><li>types better adapted for </li></ul><ul><li>certain job types..??? </li></ul>SO LETS DISCUSS WHAT IS PERSONALITY …????????
  3. 4. <ul><li>It doesn`t mean that a person has </li></ul><ul><li>charm , a positive attitude towards life, </li></ul><ul><li>a smiling face, or is a finalist for </li></ul><ul><li>“ Happiest and Friendliest “ in this </li></ul><ul><li>year`s Miss World contest . </li></ul><ul><li>Personality can be defined as a </li></ul><ul><li>dynamic and organized set of </li></ul><ul><li>characteristics possessed by a </li></ul><ul><li>person that uniquely influences his </li></ul><ul><li>or her cognitions , motivations, and </li></ul><ul><li>behaviors in various situations . </li></ul>
  4. 5. According to psycholosists : <ul><li>Personality means a dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>concept describing the growth and </li></ul><ul><li>development of a person`s whole </li></ul><ul><li>psychological system . </li></ul><ul><li>Personality is the dynamic organization </li></ul><ul><li>within the individual of those </li></ul><ul><li>psychophysical systems that determine </li></ul><ul><li>his unique adjustments to his </li></ul><ul><li>environment. </li></ul>According to gorden allport
  5. 6. <ul><li>For our purposes , </li></ul><ul><li>You should think of personality as the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Personality appears for HEREDITARY and ENVIRONMENT factor . <ul><li>heredity </li></ul>It refers , Physical structure, facial attractiveness, gender , temperament, muscle composition and reflexes, energy level , and Biological ryththms. In which an individual personality is the molecular structure of genes located in the chromosomes. Personality Determinants
  7. 8. <ul><li>environment </li></ul>In this personality formation are the culture in which we are raised. It plays role in shaping our personalities. Like ; The norms among our family ,friends and social groups; and other influences that we experience .
  8. 9. The characteristics which are exhibited in a large number of situations , are called PERSONALITY TRAITS . <ul><li>The traits could help in employee selection, </li></ul><ul><li>matching people to jobs, and in guiding </li></ul><ul><li>carrier development decisions. </li></ul>Personality Traits
  9. 10. The Myer – Briggs Type Indicator <ul><li>Most widely used personality – assessment </li></ul><ul><li>instrument in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>It`s a 100- question personality test that </li></ul><ul><li>asks people how they usually feel or act </li></ul><ul><li>in particular situations . </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>On the basis of The answers individual give to the test and Classified as following 4 aspects according to their characteristic : </li></ul><ul><li>Source Of Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Collecting Information </li></ul><ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding The world. </li></ul>This is known as MBTI Framework
  11. 13. MBTI Frame work Source Of Energy : -
  12. 14. Collecting Information : -
  13. 16. Decision making :-
  14. 18. Understanding the world :-
  15. 19. <ul><li>The classification of MBTI framework are </li></ul><ul><li>combined into 16 personality types. </li></ul><ul><li>FOR EXAMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>INTJs are visionaries. They have original minds and grate drive for their own ideas and perposes and characterised as skeptical, critical, independent, determined and ofetn stubborn. </li></ul><ul><li>ENTPs type is a conceptualizer. He/she is innovative ,individualistic, versatile, and attracted to entrepreneurial ideas. </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>USE :- </li></ul><ul><li>It is valuable tool for increasing </li></ul><ul><li>self – awareness and for providing </li></ul><ul><li>career guidance. </li></ul><ul><li>PROBLEM :- </li></ul><ul><li>In this we can categorized a person </li></ul><ul><li>either one type or another type </li></ul><ul><li>either extroverted or introverted, </li></ul><ul><li>no in- between though people </li></ul><ul><li>can be both extroverted and </li></ul><ul><li>introverted. </li></ul>
  17. 22. <ul><li>Lewis Goldberg proposed a five- </li></ul><ul><li>dimension personality model, </li></ul><ul><li>nicknamed the &quot;Big Five ” : </li></ul><ul><li>Which includes the following factors : </li></ul><ul><li>Openness to Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Conscientiousness </li></ul><ul><li>Extraversion </li></ul><ul><li>Agreeableness </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroticism </li></ul>
  18. 30. Core Self-evaluation RISK TAKING SELF MONITORING Narcissism Proactive personality Personality type Machiavellianism PERSONALITY TRAITS
  19. 31. The degree to which an individual likes or dislikes himself or herself whether the person sees himself or herself as capable & effective and whether the person feels in control of his or her environment or powerless over the environment. . CORE SELF EVALUATION <ul><li>POSITIVE CORE </li></ul><ul><li>SELF </li></ul><ul><li>EVALUATION </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CAPABLE </li></ul><ul><li>CONTROL ON </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVE CORE </li></ul><ul><li>SELF </li></ul><ul><li>EVALUATON </li></ul><ul><li>UNCAPABLE </li></ul><ul><li>POWERLESS </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENT </li></ul>
  20. 32. Machiavellianism Machiavellianism (Mach) Degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance, and believes that ends can justify means. <ul><li>Conditions Favoring High Machs </li></ul><ul><li>Direct interaction with others </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal rules and regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Emotions distract for others </li></ul>
  21. 33. <ul><li>A Narcissistic Person </li></ul><ul><li>Has grandiose sense of self-importance </li></ul><ul><li>Requires excessive admiration </li></ul><ul><li>Has a sense of entitlement </li></ul><ul><li>Is arrogant </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to be rated as less effective </li></ul>NARCISSISM
  22. 34. Self-Monitoring Self-Monitoring A personality trait that measures an individual’s ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors. <ul><li>High Self-Monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Receive better performance ratings </li></ul><ul><li>Likely to emerge as leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Show less commitment to their organizations </li></ul>
  23. 35. <ul><li>High Risk-taking Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make quicker decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use less information to make decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operate in smaller and more entrepreneurial organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Risk-taking Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are slower to make decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Require more information before making decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exist in larger organizations with stable environments </li></ul></ul>RISK TAKING
  24. 36. <ul><li>always moving, walking, and eating rapidly; </li></ul><ul><li>feel impatient with the rate at which most events take place; </li></ul><ul><li>strive to think or do two or more things at once; </li></ul><ul><li>cannot cope with leisure time; </li></ul><ul><li>are obsessed with numbers, measuring their success in terms of how many or how much of everything they acquire. </li></ul>Type A’s personality
  25. 37. <ul><li>never suffer from a sense of time urgency with its accompanying impatience; </li></ul><ul><li>feel no need to display or discuss either their achievements or accomplishments; </li></ul><ul><li>play for fun and relaxation, rather than to exhibit their superiority at any cost; </li></ul><ul><li>can relax without guilt. </li></ul>TYPE B’s PERSONALITY
  26. 38. Personality Types Proactive Personality Identifies opportunities, shows initiative, takes action, and perseveres until meaningful change occurs. Creates positive change in the environment, regardless or even in spite of constraints or obstacles.
  27. 39. Definition of value. Values represent basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct is socially or personally preferable to an opposite mode of conduct. What is value? Values’ are one of the major forces which shape the behavior of individuals.
  28. 40. Values… <ul><li>Induce a person to do or not to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>Value contain a judgmental element in that they carry an individuals idea </li></ul><ul><li>As to what is right ,good or desirable. </li></ul><ul><li>What is ethical and what is unethical. </li></ul>
  29. 41. IMPORTANCE OF VALUES <ul><li>Part of culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Value lay the foundation for our understanding </li></ul><ul><li>of people’s attitudes and motivation because they influence our perception. </li></ul><ul><li>Learned responses. </li></ul><ul><li>Social phenomenon. </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive process. </li></ul>
  30. 42. Rokeach Value survey <ul><li>Terminal values </li></ul><ul><li>This values are the goals of person </li></ul><ul><li>would like to achieve during his or her lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>like A comfortable life, Family security, </li></ul><ul><li>Self respect, Freedom, Happiness… </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumental values </li></ul><ul><li>It refers to means of achieving the </li></ul><ul><li>Terminal values. </li></ul><ul><li>like Capable, Courageous, Helpful, </li></ul><ul><li>Honest, Responsible…. </li></ul>
  31. 43. <ul><li>Personality and values to the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of both Personality and values. </li></ul><ul><li>Employee’s performance and satisfaction are </li></ul><ul><li>likely to be higher if their values fit well with the </li></ul><ul><li>organization. </li></ul>

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