Smart growth in INDIAN context

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Smart Growth is for the community and neighborhoods, however its keys are held with the local administration, authorities, urban bodies, policy makers and ruling government. Decoding some myths & implementation parameters to the same can be of immense help.

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  • Smart growth is the fiscally responsible alternative to sprawl. Smart growth emphasizes maximizing the use of existing and, to the extent necessary, new infrastructure, and is therefore less costly to build, maintain and operate per capita than conventional suburban development. Smart growth principles also emphasize repairing and maintaining existing infrastructure, saving on costs of deferred maintenance and supporting the economic health of existing communities. Ultimately, smart growth keeps taxes down and provides a higher return on public investment, all of which translates into personal savings.
  • Smart growth in INDIAN context

    1. 1. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Smart Growth I n t r o d u c t I o n
    2. 2. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 What is Smart Growth? • Development and redevelopment in or adjacent to existing cities, towns and villages. • A mix of uses in one neighborhood and a more compact pattern overall to support more economic and social activity. • Roads and public spaces designed to support convenient transportation choices. • And more…
    3. 3. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Smart Growth Saves Money Compared to the status quo, smart growth • Costs less to build and maintain; • Provides services at a lower cost; • Reduces maintenance costs by directing spending to existing infrastructure; • Reduces tax burden by maximizing return on public Investment; • Preserves existing communities; • Reduces household transportation costs; • Reduces health costs. 3
    4. 4. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 smart growth 10 accepted principles for Smart Growth 1. Mix land uses 2. Take advantage of compact building design 3. Create a range of housing opportunities and choices 4. Create walkable neighborhoods 5. Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place 6. Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas 7. Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities 8. Provide a variety of transportation choices 9. Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost effective 10. Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions
    5. 5. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Mixed land uses
    6. 6. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Mixed land uses
    7. 7. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Mixed land uses
    8. 8. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Compact building design • Creates more usable open space • Utilities are near & accessible • Collaborative use of common space • Increased Social Security
    9. 9. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Compact building design For • Housing ( buildings & townships ) • Commerce ( offices & corporate parks) • Retail (malls) • Hospitality ( hotels & hospitals) • Institutional ( schools, colleges, universities) • Government & Administrative buildings to provide • Open common interaction spaces • Utilities & services under one roof • Parking & access • Efficient Land use by optimizing volumetric use • Reduce travel time & improve cost productivity
    10. 10. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 City-centeric The Suburbans The Rurals Range of Housing Choices • Apartments , Duplex, Triplex, Penhouse • Basements ( senior citizens, Informal sector) • Hotels, Cubes, capsules (rental units) • Compact hostels & service apartments ( students ) • Bungalows, Twins, • Rowhouses, Tenaments, • townhouses, Villas, • Gated Communites • Farm houses, Vernacular & contextual residences • Land maintenance & production driven housing choices • Industrial housing ( in industrial zones)
    11. 11. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 What makes a neighborhood walkable? • A center – Walkable neighborhoods have a center, whether it's a main street or a public space. • People – Enough people for businesses to flourish – public transit to run frequently. • Mixed income, mixed use – Affordable housing located near businesses. • Parks and public space – Plenty of public places to gather and play. • Pedestrian design – Buildings are close to the street, parking lots are relegated to the back. • Schools and workplaces – Close enough that most residents can walk from their homes. • Complete streets – Streets designed for bicyclists, pedestrians, and transit.
    12. 12. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Walkable Neighborhoods • Environment – Walking is a zero-pollution transportation method • Health – Average resident of a walkable neighborhood weighs 7 pounds less than a resident in a sprawling neighborhood • Finances – Increases the value of property • Communities – Studies show that for every 10 minutes a person spends in a daily car commute, time spent in community activities falls by 10%
    13. 13. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Visualize It
    14. 14. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Economics • Commute time and places to walk are 2 of the top 3 most important community characteristics (NAR) • Neighborhoods have a walk score. Each walk score intangibly refers to currency • Commercial Real Estate: A 10 point increase in Walk Score increases property values 5-8%
    15. 15. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 2011 Community Preference Survey NAR: 2,071 Adults (2/2011) (USA) • 56% of respondents survey prefer smart growth communities to ones that require more driving between home, work and recreation • Willing to sacrifice square footage for less driving: – 80% would prefer to live in a single-family detached home as long as it didn’t require a longer commute, BUT – 59% would choose a smaller home if it meant a commute time of 20 minutes or less • Community Characteristics: When considering a home purchase – 88% placed more value on the quality of the neighborhood, than the size of the home – 77% want communities with high-quality schools • Don’t just sell homes, sell neighborhoods! • Different home buyers are looking for all kinds of neighborhood settings
    16. 16. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013
    17. 17. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Sense of Place
    18. 18. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Preserve; Open spaces, farmlands, lakes Lakefronts Riverfronts Public Parks Green belts Zoning Regulations (R3) Notified Areas
    19. 19. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 CENTRAL PARK- NYC GREEN SPACE for PUBLIC PURPOSE – Lungs for the City
    20. 20. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 NEW YORK CITY : CENTRAL PARK AREA: 843 ACRES Built/Founded in 1857 AD REAL ESTATE VALUE estimated by the property appraisal firm, Miller Samuel, to be $528,783 MILLION or $ 529 BILLION as of December 2005.
    21. 21. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Community Developments • Community programs • Conservation • Social upliftment • Economic upliftment • Identity preservation • Entertainment & leisure • Social Infrastructure
    22. 22. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Transportation choices Personal | Public | Rapid • How choice of transportation connects with land use? • Multimodal balance • Build Transit network • Provide choice of transportation • Provide mobility and access to each choice • Choose town less highway planning • Discourage private Car ownership • Build a bicycle network • Introduce congestion pricing • Vehicle Sharing & car pooling programs • Low Pollution Vehicle choices
    23. 23. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Indian Commodity Transport Vehicles
    24. 24. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Development Decisions • Local Government Policies • Building Byelaws • Development Plans • Public opinions • Area Planning & zoning • Land Laws • Property ownership, transfers, & incentives • Public Private Partnerships
    25. 25. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions Tomorrow
    26. 26. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Parking More…. • Parking Policy • Hike Cost of Free Parking • Parking shed & structures • Neighborhood parking • Hide Parking Lots • Parking lot design & quality • Parking Conversion
    27. 27. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Street design • Speed limits • All Vehicular access • On street parking • One ways & pedestrian only streets • Shopping streets • Context responsive design • Avenues and boulevards • Rear alleys and lanes • Full flow, slow flow & yield flow traffic roads • Sidewalk design • Utility placements • Pavements & Streetlights • Obstructions & encroachments
    28. 28. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 The Building • Natural Light and ventilation • Solar Orientation • Cooling, heating & day lighting • Energy efficient Design • Sustainable Building materials • Dynamic space use • On site energy generation • Healthy indoor air quality • Yard trees • Xeriscape • Waste Management • Green Building Standards
    29. 29. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Architectural Design • Encourage Regional Design • Advocate Consistency of Appearance • Hide Noxious elements • Maintain lifestyle Privacy • Universal design • Subsidize housing
    30. 30. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Smart growth The Indian Context
    31. 31. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Implementing smart growth • Awareness • Intervention • Create examples • Streamline Government policies & laws • Community participation • Community empowerment • Social amalgamation • Poverty • Slums • Housing crisis • Traffic sense & ettiquette • Aesthetic sense • And more…..
    32. 32. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 The urban Indian street…..
    33. 33. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 The urban Indian street…..
    34. 34. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Efficient Land Use | parking Mixed | Accessible | service driven
    35. 35. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 • 30% of GDP contribution comes from the informal sector. 18% comes from street hawkers • Formulate Hawking Policy • Hawking Zones & spaces • Subsidize hawking • Legalize & licenses Hawking More….
    36. 36. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Efficient Land Use | Encroachments Mixed | Accessible | service driven
    37. 37. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Efficient Land Use | Encroachments Mixed | Accessible | service driven
    38. 38. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Efficient Land Use | Hawking Mixed | Accessible | service driven
    39. 39. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Form Based Codes • Does not work on principles of Setback, margin, FSI or FAR. • Volumetric Standards with specified form for a building type Each form is Land Plot | Specific height
    40. 40. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013
    41. 41. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Observations | Ahmedabad public places
    42. 42. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Observations | Ahmedabad public places
    43. 43. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Observations | Ahmedabad public places
    44. 44. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Observations | Ahmedabad public places
    45. 45. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Observations | Ahmedabad public places
    46. 46. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Observations | Ahmedabad Streets
    47. 47. JIGAR PANDYA | SMART GROWTH | 2013 Interactions !

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