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Westward Expansion


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Westward Expansion

  1. 1. Westward Expansion Brought to you by Dinner’s About Ready!
  2. 2. Westward Expansion
  3. 3. Warning! Extremely Graphic! An Actual Scalping! Oh, Crap! And to think I just paid $10 for a haircut!
  4. 4. “ The only good Indians I ever saw were dead.” General Philip Sheridan January 1869 Prevailing View of U.S. Army Officers and Soldiers
  5. 5. <ul><li>Contrast the cultures of Native Americans and white settlers and explain why white settlers moved West. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify restrictions imposed by the government on Native Americans and describe the consequences. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the government’s policy of assimilation as well as continuing conflicts between Native Americans and settlers. </li></ul>Learning Objectives
  6. 6. Great Plains Grassland that existed in the west-central U.S.
  7. 7. How would you respond? The natives fought …
  8. 8. Sand Creek Massacre Battle of the Hundred Slain Red River War Battle of Little Bighorn Battle of Wounded Knee Can’t We Just Get Along? Hey, White Devil, the Land Belongs to No One. Wrong, Savage! I demand Private Property Rights. Stay off & No Huntin’
  9. 9. Battle of Wounded Knee
  10. 11. A Fair Fight? small caliber cannon
  11. 13. Were Indians Always Victims? Those Evil White Devils! First, they take away my land and then they take away the water.
  12. 14. Assimilation
  13. 15. Dawes Act 1887 <ul><li>Sought to “Americanize” & “Civilize” Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Broke Up Reservations Into Individual Properties for Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Remaining Land to Settlers </li></ul><ul><li>Money from Land Sales to go to Indians </li></ul>Yeah, Right!
  14. 16. <ul><li>&quot;wear civilized clothes </li></ul><ul><li>cultivate the ground </li></ul><ul><li>live in houses </li></ul><ul><li>ride in Studebaker wagons </li></ul><ul><li>send children to school </li></ul><ul><li>drink whiskey </li></ul><ul><li>own property.&quot; </li></ul>Mass. Congressman Henry Dawes Civilizing Power of Private Property To be civilized was to: Yo!
  15. 17. What is assimilation? <ul><li>“ No unity or community of feeling can be established among different peoples unless they are brought to speak the same language…” </li></ul><ul><li>-- J.D.C. Atkins, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1887 </li></ul><ul><li>“ The first step to be taken toward civilization, toward teaching the Indians the mischief and folly of continuing in their barbarous practices, it to teach them the English language.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Atkins </li></ul><ul><li>“ The white man considered natural animal life just as he did the natural man life upon this continent, as ‘pests.’ Plants which the Indian found beneficial were also ‘pests.’ There is no word in the Lakota vocabulary with the English meaning of this word…” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Luther Standing Bear, 1928 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;If assimilation is a learning process, it involves learning good things and bad things… It doesn't always lead to something better .&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>--Ruben G. Rumbaut, a sociology professor at Michigan State University, 1998 </li></ul>
  16. 18. Assimilation quotes, cont’d “ [N]ewcomers are bound to absorb some version of American‑ness, some narrative of their new nation's past and present. The question is, which version? Do today's immigrant children in the Los Angeles or New York or Miami public schools learn to revere George Washington, or Malcolm X? Do they study the history of the Puritans, or the Aztecs? Do they memorize the poetry of Longfellow, or Amiri Baraka? Do they celebrate Lincoln's Birthday, or Cinco de Mayo?” -- Mark Krikorian, Center for Immigration Studies, 1997 &quot;On the whole, there is an American national identity that immigrants ought to be encouraged to assimilate into&quot; -- John J. Miller, author, 1998 “ Like others, I'm getting sick and… tired of having to ‘press 1 to proceed in English’ when I call some customer service number.  Why… should I have to press anything to proceed in English in my own country?” -- Neal Boortz, radio talk show host, 2006
  17. 19. There’s Gold in the Black Hills! I love Bling! = More Settlers from the East & Indians pushed away again
  18. 20. Settlers Insatiable Desire for Buffalo Wings Led to the Destruction of the Buffalo Hey, Ma! How About Deep Frying some Buffalo Wings Tonight?
  19. 21. He’s Lying. There Ain’t No Wings On this Beast.
  20. 22. Buffalo Population Decimated 1800: 65 million 1890: 1,000
  21. 23. Dressing Buffalo Hides <ul><li>Buffalo Was basis for life of the Plains Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Main Source of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Destruction of herds in 1870s & 80s played major role in Indian subjugation </li></ul>
  22. 24. Buffalo Chase
  23. 25. 40,000 Buffalo Hides
  24. 26. 1800 – 1900: 65 Million to 1,000
  25. 29. Cowboys
  26. 30. Vs.
  27. 31. Vs.