Parenting after pregnancy

930 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Parenting after pregnancy

  1. 1. PARENTING AFTER PREGNANCY: SCREENING FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION By: Julie Housiaux
  2. 2. Postpartum Depression  “Somehow women have learned to expect the birth of a baby automatically produces exhilaration and joy. They are led to believe that the period following childbirth should be the happiest time in their life. In truth, it is one of the most stressful and anxiety-producing periods in the life cycle of the family. More than half of the women who give birth each year experience some negative change in their mental health.”  -AAMFT Position Statement on Postpartum Depression, 2010
  3. 3. Frequency Data  It is estimated that among the 50% of women who experience a negative change in their mood following the birth of their baby, between 10-15% will experience postpartum depression.  Postpartum depression results from changes in the chemistry of the brain.  “During pregnancy, hormonal levels increase considerably…and fall rapidly within hours to days after childbirth…the amount of endorphins…that are produced by the placenta during pregnancy drop significantly after delivery” (AAMFT, 2010).
  4. 4. Symptoms of Postpartum Depression  Frequent crying and persistent feelings of sadness  Difficulty concentrating and frequent forgetfulness  Loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities  Frequent exhaustion coupled with an inability to sleep  Feeling afraid to be alone  Thoughts of self-harm (including death) or thoughts of harming the baby
  5. 5. Symptoms of Postpartum Depression  Feeling uninterested in the baby  Difficulty caring for self and/or the baby  Difficulty bonding with the baby  Loss of interest in physical intimacy with partner  Feelings of shame, guilt, or inadequacy  Withdrawal from friends and family
  6. 6. Factors Increasing the Risk for Postpartum Depression  Personal history of mood disorders  Family history of mood disorders  Limited social support from family and friends  Negative, confusing feelings about the pregnancy  Young age  Chemical dependency  Concurrent stressful life events  Financial concerns; Unsupportive and/or unsatisfying partnership; Recent death of a loved one; Health complications
  7. 7. Postpartum Depression versus “Baby Blues”  Onset within the first year after delivery  Experienced by 10-15% of mothers  Reduction and resolution of symptoms require medical and psychological intervention  Onset within a few days of delivery  Experienced by 50-70% of mothers  Typically reduced/resolved within two weeks  Sleep; Social Support  No medical or psychological help Postpartum Depression “Baby Blues”
  8. 8. Postpartum Depression versus “Baby Blues”  Severe mood swings  Intense irritability and anger  Overwhelming fatigue  Lack of joy in life  Mood swings  Irritability  Trouble sleeping  Anxiety, Sadness, & Crying Postpartum Depression “Baby Blues”
  9. 9. Treatment for Postpartum Depression  Consultation with medical doctor  Psychotherapy  Individual Therapy  Couples Therapy  Group Therapy  Psychopharmacology  Commit to healthy lifestyle behaviors  Increased physical activity  Balanced diet  Avoid alcohol  Resist isolation
  10. 10. Reducing the Risk of Postpartum Depression  Identify current stressors and develop a plan to reduce their impact  Secure and strengthen a support system  Increased free time  Increased opportunities for sleep  Seek information about postpartum depression
  11. 11. References American Association of Marriage and Family Therapists http://www.therapistlocator.net/families/Consumer_U pdates/Postpartum_Depression.asp Mayo Clinic http://www.therapistlocator.net/families/Consumer_U pdates/Postpartum_Depression.asp U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, Office on Women’s Health http://www.womenshealth.gov/faq/depression- pregnancy.cfm

×