Practical ways of brain based research applies to esl
Practical Ways of Brain-basedResearch Applies to ESL Learners ( Judy Lombardi ) California State University Northridge ( Northridge , CA , USA)
Brain-based Learning PrincipleBy :Renate Nummela Caine and Geoffrey Caine
Brain-BasedThis learning theory is based on the structure and function of the brain. is a concept that suggests that as long as the brain is not hindered from learning, then learning will occur.
Principle no. 1The Brain is a Complex Adaptive system The brain can function on many levels and many ways simultaneously. A complex and Multifaceted task should be approach in variety of ways . Activity Shifting and teaching around the wheel of the learning style.
Andrew Cohen’s work at the University of MinnesotaRehearsal strategies constitute another subset of language use strategies, namely, strategies for rehearsing target language structures (such as form-focused practice)*example of rehearsal would be form-focused practice,for example, practicing the subjunctive forms for different verb conjugationsCover strategies are those strategies that learners use tocreate the impression that they have control overmaterial when they do not.* example of a cover strategywould be using a memorized and not fully-understoodphrase in an utterance in a classroom drill in order to keep theaction going.
Principle no.2 The Brain is a Social BrainThe Brain likes and respond well to social engagement and oral sharing.Cooperative learning.
Cooperative Learning Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but also for helping teammates learn, thus creating an atmosphere of achievement. Students work through the assignment until all group members successfully understand and complete it. Research has shown that cooperative learning techniques: promote student learning and academic achievement increase student retention enhance student satisfaction with their learning experience help students develop skills in oral communication develop students social skills promote student self-esteem help to promote positive race relations
Principle no.3 The Search for Meaning Is InnateThe brain not only wants to make sense of what it learns, but also wants to know that learning has purpose and value.Adlers believe “people learn things when they need to know them.The brain likes Explanation.
Principle no.4 The Search for Meaning Occurs Through PatterningWhen the brain encounters a new idea, it searches for prior knowledge and experiences similar to the new concept. when the brain encounter new idea it search for prior knowledge and experience similar to the new concept.