• Birth control or contraceptive method is one that prevents or reduces the chances of fertilization in fertile women who have sex heterosexual character.
• Contraceptive methods are instrumental in making decisions about birth control "number of children who are unwilling or unable to have", and the prevention of unwanted pregnancies and teenage pregnancies.
• The history of contraception indicates that it was in the second half of the twentieth century when widespread use and access to different contraceptive methods.
Factors to be considered in thechoice of contraceptive method:
• Frequency of intercourse.• Number of sexual partners.• If you want to have children (irreversible methods should be discarded).• Efficacy of each method in preventing pregnancy.• Side Effects.• Ease and convenience of use of the method chosen.• Economic level access to their methods.
THE PILL• The contraceptive pill (also known as "the pill") is a daily pill with hormones that alter body function to prevent pregnancy. Hormones are chemicals that control the functioning of the bodys organs. In this case, the hormones in the Pill control the ovaries and uterus.
THE CONTRACEPTIVE PATCH • Birth control patches are a type of hormonal contraception such as the pill or vaginal ring. It is a transdermal patch plastic beige fine and applied on the skin. The sticky part is the assets containing contraceptives.
THE VAGINAL RING• The vaginal ring, monthly or contraceptive ring ring, whose trade name is NuvaRing is a hormonal birth control long- term consisting of a ring or plastic ring ethylene vinyl acetate of an inch in diameter, placed in the vagina, releases female hormones identical to the pill (etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol) in low doses and constant and that absorbed by the lining of the vagina, preventing ovulation. Its effectiveness.
MENSTRUAL CYCLE• The human female sexual cycle (or menstrual cycle) is the process by which they develop female gametes (eggs or oocytes) and produced a series of changes aimed at establishing a possible pregnancy. The beginning of the cycle is defined as the first day of menstruation and the end of the cycle is the day before the start of the next period. The average cycle length is 28 days, but may be longer or shorter
A CONDOM• A condom is a barrier device commonly used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy and spreading sexually transmitted diseases. It is put on a mans erect penis and physically blocks ejaculated semen from entering the body of a sexual partner. Condoms are also used for collection of semen for use in infertility treatment.
Tubal ligation• Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as having ones "tubes tied" (ligation)) is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a womans fallopian tubes are clamped and blocked, or severed and sealed, either method of which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus for fertilization. Tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of sterilization and birth control.
VASECTOMY • Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilization and/or permanent birth control. During the procedure, the vasa deferentia of a man are severed, and then tied/sealed in a manner such to prevent sperm from entering into the seminal stream (ejaculate). Vasectomies are usually performed in a physicians office or medical clinic.
SPERMICIDE• Spermicide is a contraceptive substance that eradicates sperm, inserted vaginally prior to intercourse to prevent pregnancy. As a contraceptive, spermicide may be used alone. However, the pregnancy rate experienced by couples using only spermicide is higher than that of couples using other methods. Usually, spermicides are combined with contraceptive barrier methods such as diaphragms,condoms, cervical caps, and sponges. Combined methods are believed to result in lower pregnancy rates than either method alone.
THE DIAPHRAGM• The diaphragm is a cervical barrier type of birth control. It is a soft latex or silicone dome with a spring molded into the rim. The spring creates a seal against the walls of the vagina.
THE CONTRACEPTIVE SPONGE• The contraceptive sponge combines barrier and spermicidal methods to prevent conception. Three brands are marketed: Pharmatex, Protectaid and Today. Pharmatex is marketed in France and the province of Quebec; Protectaid in the rest of Canada and Europe; and Today in the United States
A CONTRACEPTIVE IMPLANT• A contraceptive implant is a birth control device inserted under the skin by a doctor. The implant is among the most effective birth control methods. After it is inserted it prevents pregnancy by releasing hormones that prevent ovaries from releasing eggs and by thickening cervical mucous. The implant can prevent pregnancy for up to three years. Though it protects against pregnancy, it does not protect against STIs. The costs for implantation range