Imperialism hoggard2automatic

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Imperialism. This was adapted from "Imperialism, 1870-1900" from "Events that Changed the World." Includes a good essay by T.K. Welliver.

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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Imperialism hoggard2automatic

  1. 1. Imperialism The World at a Glance
  2. 2. Objectives for the lecture • At the end of this lecture students will understand 19th and early 20th century imperialism by analyzing the following: • The historical background. • How can it be explained? • Where did it occur?
  3. 3. WHAT WAS THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
  4. 4. Imperialism Defined • Before explaining the historical background, we need a working definition
  5. 5. Imperialism Defined • The policy of extending a nation’s authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations. • (hegemony=authority, power, dominion)
  6. 6. Background • Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: • Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery that gave us heroes such as
  7. 7. Background • Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: • Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery • Imperialism of the end of the late 19th century that gave us
  8. 8. OR
  9. 9. Background • Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: • Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery • Imperialism of the end of the late 19th century • And our current state of affairs today
  10. 10. Background • 1st phase- explorers, merchants, & priests traversed the globe • Spain, Portugal, England, & France leading colonial powers • European empires gone from America • Only GB retained American empire in name
  11. 11. Background • However, Europeans not determined to build empires • Concern was commerce • Trade with natives
  12. 12. Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on:
  13. 13. Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on: • Nation-building
  14. 14. Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on: • Nation-building • The Industrial Revolution
  15. 15. Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on: • Nation-building • The Industrial Revolution • Conflict between liberalism and conservatism • Colonialism was an afterthought
  16. 16. Background • After 1870, the Western world expanded again • Swooping down upon the globe and figuratively devouring it • The West had to possess- trade agreements not enough • Invested in colonies • Built RRs • Imposed European values
  17. 17. WHAT EXPLAINS THIS SUDDEN AND UNEXPECTED DEVELOPMENT?
  18. 18. An explanation • Economics figured prominently • Colonies promised: • Inexpensive raw materials • Cheap labor • Guaranteed markets • Political considerations • Christianity • Western perception of perceived superiority
  19. 19. The Technological Imperative • Regardless of the why, success rested on: • Technology and organizational predominance • Efficient military formations • Modern rifles • Maxim (machine guns) • Battle of Obderman, Sudan 1898 British slaughtered 11,000 tribesman
  20. 20. Global phenomenon • Late 19th century imperialism was indeed global • The Middle East • Black Africa (different from say South Africa) • But Asia was the prize, certainly for America
  21. 21. Three most important Asian countries were:
  22. 22. Three most important Asian countries were:
  23. 23. Three most important Asian countries were:
  24. 24. Japan • Until 1853, Japan lived in isolation • Commodore Matthew Perry changed that – Gunboat Diplomacy • Japan had a revolution in 1867 • Adopted western technology an practices yet attempted to maintain their tradition

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