psych.chpt 13.key terms


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  1. 1. Learning Chpt 13 Goals1. Discuss theory and research on moral thought, behavior, feeling, and personality. • What is moral development? • What are Piaget’s and Kohlberg’s theories of moral development? • What are some criticisms of Kohlberg’s theory? • What is social conventional reasoning? • What processes are involved in moral behavior? • What is the social cognitive theory of moral development? • How are moral feelings related to moral development? • What characterizes moral personality?2. Explain how parents and schools influence moral development. • How does parental discipline affect moral development? • What are some effective parenting strategies for advancing children’s moral development? • What is the hidden curriculum? • What are some contemporary approaches to moral education?3. Describe the development of prosocial and antisocial behavior. • How is altruism defined? • How does prosocial behavior develop? • What is conduct disorder? • What are key factors in the development of juvenile delinquency?4. Characterize the development of values, religion, spirituality, and meaning in life • What are values? • How are the values of U.S. college students changing? • How do individuals experience religion and spirituality at different points in the life span? • How do people seek meaning in life? Key TermsAltruism Meaning-making copingAutonomous morality Moral developmentCare perspective Moral exemplarsCharacter education Moral identityCognitive moral education Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and interpersonal conformityConduct disorder Postconventional reasoningConscience Preconventional reasoningConventional reasoning Service learningEgo ideal Social cognitive theory of moralityEmpathy Social contract or utility and individual rightsHeteronomous morality (Kohlberg) Social conventional reasoningHeteronomous morality (Piaget) Social systems moralityHidden curriculum SpiritualityImmanent justice Universal ethical principles
  2. 2. Individualism, instrumental purpose, Values and exchangeJustice perspective Values clarificationJuvenile delinquency Key People Albert Bandura James Garbarino Walter Mischel Roy Baumeister Carol Gilligan Darcia Narvaez William Damon Hugh Hartshorne Crystal Park John Dewey Grazyna Kochanska Jean Piaget Victor Frankl Lawrence Kohlberg James Rest Sigmund Freud Mark May Ross Thompson Lawrence Walker