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La confiance à l’ère du numérique

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Causons Co-Conformité & devoir de conception responsable pour changer le monde…

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La confiance à l’ère du numérique

  1. 1. Prof.  Jean-­‐Henry  Morin   Université  de  Genève  –  CUI   Ins;tute  of  Informa;on  Service  Science   Faculté  des  Sciences  de  la  Société     Jean-­‐Henry.Morin@unige.ch   @jhmorin   Causerie du jeudi @ Muse Genève 29 janvier 2015 La  confiance  à  l’ère  du  numérique       «  Causons  Co-­‐Conformité  &  devoir  de  concep=on   responsable  pour  changer  le  monde…  »  
  2. 2. Excep&onnellement  !   (  En  Général  ;-­‐)  
  3. 3. Point  de  départ   2003   2004  
  4. 4. ©  &  DRM  :  Comment  en  sommes  nous  arrivés  là…            …  un  scénario  dystopique?   hUp://www.flickr.com/search/?q=DRM  
  5. 5. 6     La  Sécurité  se  contourne,   elle  ne  s’a2aque  pas   Inspiré par Adi Shamir, Turing Award lecture, 2002                 Inspira;on  (I)   Facteur  Humain    
  6. 6. 7   Inspira;on  (II)   Sécurité  =  Arbitrage  
  7. 7. 8   Inspira;on  (III)   Innova;on  &  Design     hUp://www.ideo.com/   Commencer  ici    
  8. 8. Inspira;on  (IV)   •  Reconnaître  le  rôle  central  de  l’u&lisateur  et  de  son  «  expérience  »   •  Rétablir  les  u;lisateurs  dans  leurs  Rôles,  Droits  et  Responsabilités   •  Présomp;on  d’innocence  &  le  fardeau  de  la  preuve   •  Principe  fondamental  pour  repenser  et  reconcevoir  DRM  «  Copyright   Balance  principle  »  (Felten,  2005)   “Since  lawful  use,  including  fair  use,  of  copyrighted  works  is  in  the  public  interest,  a   user  wishing  to  make  lawful  use  of  copyrighted  material  should  not  be  prevented   from  doing  so  by  any  DRM  system.”   •  Proposi&on  :   •  Rendre  la  Confiance  aux  u;lisateurs     •  Renverser  l’hypothèse  de  Non-­‐Confiance    MAIS  à  changement  de  paradigme  majeur  
  9. 9. Etape  Intermédiaire   2007   2011  
  10. 10. Transfert de technologie 11 Partenariat avec Fasoo.com •  2011, Integration of the Exception Management model as « Provisional Licensing »
  11. 11. Suite   2011   ????  
  12. 12. Quelques problèmes •  Confiance   •  Le  Déni  de  Progrès   •  Too  “fat”  to  Change  
  13. 13. 2013  !   Rupture  MASSIVE  de  Confiance   http://zatoichi.homeip.net/~brain/TrustedComputing.jpg
  14. 14. Le  “Déni  de  Progrès”   http://goo.gl/oo3S3 «  Les  avocats  de   Facebook,  Google  et   TwiQer  assurent  que  le   projet  de  Bruxelles  porte   aQeinte  à  la  liberté   d'expression  et  au  droit   à  l'informa=on.  Et   prétendent  qu'il  sera   impossible  à  me2re  en   œuvre.  »  
  15. 15. Cynisme  économique  ou  Too  «  fat  »  to  Change   hUp://;nyurl.com/ormjrah   Frederick  Deligne  hUp://www.keepcalm-­‐o-­‐ma;c.co.uk/   13  mai  2014   Arrêt  de  la  CJUE  
  16. 16. Opportunité  !   Réforme  Européenne  de  la  Protec;on  des  Données   (2015  –  2017)   hUp://ec.europa.eu/jus;ce/data-­‐protec;on/   Réappropria=on  de  nos  données  personnelles    
  17. 17. Co-Conformité •  Principe émergent reposant sur la « Confiance éclairée » et la « Transparence » •  Co-Conformité (Co-Compliance): responsabilité collaborative favorisée par le numérique, permettant aussi bien l’élaboration conjointe de l’objet d’une décision ou d’une action que l’évaluation et le contrôle partagé du résultat. •  Coût: Changement MAJEUR de paradigme (Morin,  2014)  
  18. 18. Un  nouveau  “Contrat  Social”  ?     “ L'obéissance à la loi qu'on s'est prescrite serait la liberté.” ? Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Du Contrat social (1762), livre I, chap. 8
  19. 19. Responsabilité Numérique ( Digital Responsibility ) Quelques Caractéristiques (en évolution) : •  Conception centrée utilisateur •  Prise en compte de toutes les parties prenantes •  Proportionnalité des moyens mis en œuvre •  Prise en compte du facteur humain •  Ouverture et transparence •  Partage et collaboration •  Parcimonie et humilité de l’usage de l’instrument légal •  Appui sur des cadres de politiques publiques durables (Morin,  2014)  
  20. 20. Vers  un  Devoir  de  Responsabilité  Numérique   Concep&on  Responsable   Label  Ouvert   Charte  
  21. 21. Place  au  débat  
  22. 22.       N ’ o u b l i o n s   p a s   d ’ ê t r e   N u m é r i q u e m e n t   E x i g e a n t s   e t   R e s p o n s a b l e s   !         Contacts: Prof.  Jean-­‐Henry  Morin   Université  de  Genève  –  CUI   Ins;tute  of  Informa;on  Service  Science   Faculté  des  Sciences  de  la  Société   hUp://iss.unige.ch/     Jean-­‐Henry.Morin@unige.ch   @jhmorin   hUp://ch.linkedin.com/in/jhmorin   hUp://www.slideshare.net/jhmorin   hUp://jean-­‐henry.com/   &  

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