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Awea combined


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Awea combined

  1. 1. 1 Safety and Health Outlook: Wind Energy June 7, 2010 Michele Myers Manager, Labor, Health and Safety Policy American Wind Energy Association American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) • Founded in 1974 More than 2,500 business members • Wind project developers • Transportation and construction companies • Manufacturers from bolts to turbines • More than 8,000 parts in a turbine • provides extensive info on wind American Wind Energy Association Trade association for the wind energy industry Over 2,500 business members • Develops policies and conducts analysis to support wind industry growthwind industry growth • Executes wind industry’s legislative agenda • Promotes wind energy through advocacy, advertising and media relations • Convenes conferences and workshops to educate the public and bring industry members together
  2. 2. 2 History of Wind EnergyHistory of Wind Energyy gyy gy An Age-Old Energy Source Early Days • Cretan windmill (1464 AD – mechanical water pumping) • Dutch windmill (1500 – mechanical watermechanical water pumping, grain milling) • U.S. farm windmill (1854 – present – mechanical water pumping)
  3. 3. 3 Early Days • Brush Turbine (1888) • First large-scale unit (17-m rotor diameter) • Small wind electric turbines (1890s – Denmark, U.S., elsewhere) • Sporadic experiments with turbines of ~100 kW in U.K., Italy, Germany (1920s and 1930s) Early Days • Smith-Putnam Turbine • Grandpa Knob, Castleton, VT • 175-foot rotor, 1.25-MW capacity • Operated from late 1941 to spring of 1945 • Economic failure – technological triumph • Foundation footings still in place Post-1973 Oil Shock • Federal Wind R&D Program • Outgrowth of Eisenhower- era NSF program • Sponsored procurements in range of sizesrange of sizes • Boeing MOD-2 is icon (300- foot rotor, 3-MW capacity) • Helped build technology and engineering base
  4. 4. 4 Post-1973 Oil Shock 1978 – Second oil shock leads to: • Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) • Requires utilities to buy electricity from renewable and cogeneration facilities • Energy Tax Act of 1978 • Creates 15% Energy Investment Tax Credit (EITC) • Added to existing 10% ITC • Limited Partnership Structure -> Wind Farms Early Wind Farm Era • First Wind Farm – Crotched Mountain, NH, December 1980 (equipment failures, wind speed overestimated) • California Wind Farms – Altamont, Tehachapi, San Gorgonio passes, December 1981 • Wind begins explosive growth, ended abruptly with sunset of EITC in December 1985 Wind Turbines: Power for a House or City
  5. 5. 5 Basic Supply Chain Raw Materials Component Suppliers Major Component Turbine Manufacturers Suppliers Suppliers Turbine Manufacturers create a ripple effect down the supply chain, creating even more jobs indirectly than at their facilities. Fundamentals of Wind Power Rotor Turbine subsystems include: • A rotor, or blades, which convert the wind's energy into rotational shaft energy •A nacelle (enclosure) containing a drive train, usually including a b d t Nacelle Tower gearbox and a generator •A tower, to support the rotor and drive train; and electronic equipment such as controls, electrical cables, ground support equipment, and interconnection equipment. Inside a Nacelle
  6. 6. 6 59.6 80 This picture shows a Vestas 80-meter diameter, 2-MW wind t bi i d 80 m. 59.6 m. How Big is a 2-MW Wind Turbine? turbine superimposed on a Boeing 747 jumbo jet Towers: Towers Ladders Lifts Rotor: Hub Nose Cone Nacelle: Nacelle Cover Nacelle Base Heat exchanger Controllers Generator Power Electronics Lubricants Filtration Foundation: Rebar Concrete Casings Other: Transformers Bolts/Fasteners There are over 8,000 components in a turbine, including: Turbine Components Blades • Composites • Blade Core Pitch Mechanisms Drives Brakes Rotary Union Filtration Insulation Gearbox Pump Drivetrain Ceramics Shaft Wire Paints and Coatings Lighting Lighting Protection Steel Working/Machining Communication Devices Control and Condition Monitoring Equipment Electrical Interface and Electrical Connection Batteries Bearings Brakes 2 • Hub Height: 60-100 meters (197-328 feet) • Rotor Diameter: 70- 100 meters (230-328 Wind Power Technology 100 meters (230 328 feet) • Total Weight of Turbine: 230 - 340 tons
  7. 7. 7 Small Wind Systems • Range from 0.3 to 100 kW • Installed in on- and off-grid applications • Require 4 m/s (9 mph) average wind sites Large Wind Systems • Range in size from 660 kW to 3.6 MW • Provide wholesale bulk power • Require average wind speeds of 6wind speeds of 6 m/s (13 mph) • One megawatt of wind generates about as much electricity as 225 to 300 households use U.S. Wind Resource Map Copyright © 2008 3TIER, Inc. All Rights Reserved. For permission to reproduce or distribute:
  8. 8. 8 JobsJobs -- Wind EnergyWind Energy 20% Wind Energy by 2030 • U.S. Department of Energy: “The U.S. possesses sufficient and affordable wind resources to obtain at least 20% of itsat least 20% of its electricity from wind by the year 2030.” Job Projections Under 20% Report • Over 500,000 total jobs would be supported by the wind industryindustry • In 2008, wind industry added 35,000 new jobs Source: U.S. DOE, 20% Wind Energy by 2030
  9. 9. 9 Wind Project Development 46 states would have wind development by 2030 d thunder the 20% Vision Source: U.S. DOE, 20% Wind Energy by 2030 Domestically Manufactured Components 2005 2008 There has been a dramatic shift towards domestic manufacturing for wind turbine components 2008 Domestically Mfg Components Inported Components ~25% domestic components ~2,500 MW installed ~1,500 turbines installed ~50% domestic components ~8,500 MW installed ~5,300 turbines installed Domestically Mfg Components Inported Components Current Manufacturing Capacity • There are well over 120 manufacturing facilities for turbines and large components currently online in the U.S. • U.S. manufacturers are producing all the turbine’s componentsturbine s components. • In 2005, about 30% of turbine & major components were made in the U.S., but in 2008 domestically manufactured components in turbines accounted for about 50% by value.
  10. 10. 10 Turbine Manufacturers with a U.S. Presence • Acciona • Clipper • DeWind • Gamesa • GE Energy • Siemens • Suzlon • Vestas • Fuhrlander (Announced) • Global Wind Systems (Announced) • Nordex (Announced) • Nordic (Announced) U.S. Manufacturing Locations • Over 40 U.S. states host more than 160 wind- related manufacturing facilities • Wind manufacturing is spread across the U.S. with major turbine manufacturers operating in varied regionsoperating in varied regions • With the growth in the industry, many states have recently entered into the supply chain. 4 Primary States for Manufacturing States with five or more major facilities (online or announced): •California •Colorado •Iowa •Illinoiso s •Michigan •Minnesota •Ohio •Pennsylvania •South Carolina •Texas
  11. 11. 11 Turbine Manufacturer Locations Nordic Fuhrlander (announced) Suzlon Blades only Acciona, Clipper Gamesa Global Wind Systems (announced) Siemens (announced) GE Energy GE Energy, Continental (announced) Vestas DeWind Nordex, EWT, Mitsubishi (all announced) New U.S. Manufacturing Capacity Between 1Q 2007 and 4Q 2008 (24 months), there was significant growth in the industry’s manufacturing capacity. • 19 new facilities online • 31 announced facilities31 announced facilities • 21 announced facility expansions A total of 71 facilities have come on-line, been announced, or have expanded. 3 MarketMarket U d tU d tUpdateUpdate
  12. 12. 12 2009 Highlights • Nearly 10,000 MW installed in 2009 • 39% annual growth • Total installations now above 35 GW • Shattered all installation records thanks to the Recovery ActRecovery Act • Turbine manufacturing is down compared to last year’s levels • Need long-term policy certainty and market pull in order to grow manufacturing sector U.S. is World Leader in Wind Power U.S. Wind Industry: 2009 Second year in a row adding over 40% of US capacity MWInstalled Total Installation in 4Q 2009: 4,041 MW Total Installation in 2009: 9,922 MW Total U.S. Installation through 4Q 2009: 35,159 MW WindM Source: American Wind Energy Association
  13. 13. 13 Wind Power Installations by State Top Ten States in 2009 Source: American Wind Energy Association Top 10 Largest Wind Farms
  14. 14. 14 State by State Installations (MW) Source: American Wind Energy Association Market Players • Turbines Installed in 2009: Acciona WP, Clipper, DeWind, Fuhrlander, Gamesa, GE Energy, Mitsubishi, Nordex, REpower, Siemens, Suzlon & Vestas • The project developer list continues to diversify and change with new developers increasing their activity in 2009 and other developers decreasing market activity. • Utility ownership of wind projects trending at similar rates of 2008, more community-owned projects Other Half of the Market: Manufacturing • The U.S. continues to add new manufacturing facilities, but growth is down by a third: • 38 online, announced or expanded manufacturing facilities in 2009, compared to 58 facilities in 2009. • As new turbine orders continue to come in slowly, some manufacturing production is running at significantly decreased levels compared to 2008 duesignificantly decreased levels compared to 2008 due to decreased demand and some excess supply. • Establishment of a long-term, stable market is still the key to unleashing investment in manufacturing capabilities in the U.S. • Countries are competing through policy for the wind industry, wind manufacturing and jobs!
  15. 15. 15 U.S. Wind Manufacturing Major facilities online prior to 2008 All new online in 2008 - 2009 Announced facilitiesSource: American Wind Energy Association; Updated Through 4Q2009 2008 Turbine Statistics Turbine installed the most in the U.S. in 2008 was the 1.5-MW turbine. Average turbine capacity is 1.67 MW Turbine Components Turbine Ranges Occupational Safety and Health = Core Value ● Improve Worker Safety and Health ● Support of Continuous Education and Training of Employers and Employees in the Wind Industry ● Work Cooperatively with Regulating Agencies to Ensure the Safety and Health for All Workers
  16. 16. 16 AWEA Safety and Health Committee ● AWEA Safety and Health Committee • Created 3 years ago • Over 450 members participating 9 b itt d t k f• 9 subcommittees and task forces • 20-50 participants on each subcommittee • Monthly conference calls • Address the most pressing issues within the industry AWEA Safety and Health Committee ● Steering Committee ● Construction Safety Subcommittee ● Manufacturing Safety Subcommittee ● O&M Safety Subcommittee ● Training and Education Subcommittee ● Offshore Safety Subcommittee ● Safety Survey Subcommittee ● Confined Space Task Force ● LOTO Task Force Safety and Health Initiatives ● Education and Understanding the Intricacies of Development and the Sustainability of Wind Generation Plants
  17. 17. 17 Safety and Health Initiatives ● Empowering Workers to be Engaged and Take Ownership in Worker Safety and Health Programs Safety and Health Initiatives ● Collect and Monitor Injury, Illness, and Fatality Data • Leading Indicators • Injuries, Illness, and Fatalities Wh t th C• What are the Causes • Where are the Accidents ● Identify the High Hazard Areas ● Develop Solutions to Eliminate or Significantly Reduce Hazards Identify High Risk Hazards •Falls •Emergency Rescue •Confined Space •Environmental Conditions
  18. 18. 18 Training Initiatives Create and Develop Appropriate Safety and Health Training Programs and Educational Materials for All Sectors of the Wind Industry •OSHA 10 Hour •OSHA 30 Hour •Supervisor •Emergency Rescue •Confined Space Thank you! More information : Michele Myers Manager, Labor, Health and Safety Policy | 202-383-2500 |