Government Information


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Government Information

  1. 1. Government Information LIBR 275 – Library Services to Diverse Communities Arglenda Friday
  2. 2. Government Information-Overview <ul><li>Types of documents </li></ul><ul><li>Selection Tools by Type </li></ul><ul><li>Other Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to use for many patrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenging for many librarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited utility for ESL/ELL patrons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options for printing brochures for Information Resource Kiosks to appeal to marginalized populations </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Government Documents by Type <ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>International </li></ul><ul><li>Other agencies </li></ul>
  4. 4. U.S. Federal Documents <ul><li>Originate from the executive, judicial, and legislative braches </li></ul><ul><li>Also produced by cabinets and agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Provide important sources of current and historical information </li></ul><ul><li>Usually free or reasonably priced </li></ul><ul><li>May be available in languages other than English </li></ul>
  5. 5. U.S. Documents: Selection Tools <ul><li>Government Printing Office (GPO) access </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Abstract of the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Record </li></ul><ul><li>Fedworld </li></ul><ul><li>NTIS </li></ul><ul><li>May be available only in English </li></ul><ul><li>E-formats may be convertible to other languages </li></ul>
  6. 6. State & Local Government Publications <ul><li>These documents are usually more print-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Usually textual </li></ul><ul><li>Can be copyrighted </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic access to information varies from state to state and by locality </li></ul><ul><li>May require more staff time to help those with limited computer literacy </li></ul><ul><li>May be available only in English </li></ul>
  7. 7. State & Local Government: Appeal to Marginalized Groups <ul><li>Monthly checklist of state publications </li></ul><ul><li>Council of State Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Individual state governments </li></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><li>Pathfinders and tools created by librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Information can be used to create resource lists or brochures for Information Resource Kiosks </li></ul>
  8. 8. Local Government Publications <ul><li>These are the local ordinances and laws passed by the cities and municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Not many selection tools </li></ul><ul><li>Often useful for education and health information </li></ul><ul><li>Very useful for Information Resource Kiosks </li></ul><ul><li>Access to electronic version varies </li></ul><ul><li>Usually have to be researched individually by ordinance, law, publication, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. International Documents <ul><li>These documents can come from countries, organizations, and associations throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Many nations have a government printing office or agency with similar responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Bernan/UNIPUB is major player </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used to promote services to immigrant populations </li></ul><ul><li>Often available in other languages </li></ul>
  10. 10. International Docs: Selection Tools <ul><li>Individual countries </li></ul><ul><li>Individual agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United Nations Publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Health Organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNESCO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some U.S. agencies with international scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Federal Depository Library Program <ul><li>Established circa 1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Two types: full or selective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full accepts all publications offered by FDLP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selective encouraged to accept >15% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FDL Composition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic libraries - 50% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public libraries - 20% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic law libraries - 11% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community college libraries – 5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State and special libraries – 5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal and state court libraries – 5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal agency libraries – 4% </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Government Information @ ML King Library <ul><li>Federal depository library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partial depository </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selects items once/year; weed at any time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many pubs migrating to electronic format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MARCIVE used for automatic bibliographic record into the catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State depository library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full depository for California publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many pubs migrating to electronic format </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Electronic Government Information: Issues <ul><li>Authentic? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it secure from hackers? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the final “official” copy? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it stay on the Internet? </li></ul><ul><li>How will changes to the document occur? </li></ul><ul><li>How to access? </li></ul><ul><li>Easily translatable to other languages </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing awareness to marginalized groups? </li></ul>