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Structure of english


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Structure of english

  1. 1. Jocelyn L Gagalang, Ph D MW 9-10:30 Structure of English
  2. 2. To which of the body parts can you compare syntax with?
  3. 3. traditionally called “Parts of Speech” Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs Pronouns, Articles, Prepositions, Conjunctions, Interjections Grammatical Categories
  4. 4. -- open sets and are content words, in that they have particular semantic referents. Why are they considered content words? e.g. get, book, library Major grammatical categories
  5. 5. -- are closed sets, and are function words, in that they largely fulfill grammatical functions and are necessary to make a sentence that is acceptable in form. e.g. Get the book from the library. Minor grammatical categories
  6. 6. Let’s check your group’s answers
  7. 7. 1. introduce friend them 2. these topics present 3. children imitate 4. various activities launch 5. cheap flights abound Exercises: In groups of three, use the following words in complete sentences. Present your answers to the class.
  8. 8. 6. body benefits exercise 7. never jeopardize health 8. summer fun all 9. heed parents’ advice 10. rethink cleanliness Exercises: In groups of three, use the following words in complete sentences. Present your answers to the class.
  9. 9. 1. occurs with a determiner before it except: proper nouns and some common nouns 2. has singular and plural forms 3. has a possessive form (‘s or ‘) NOUNS: Definition and Characteristics
  10. 10. 4. may function as: subject of a verb: Time flies. object of a transitive verb: Faith can move mountains. complement of a transitive verb: We call them heroes.
  11. 11. complement of a linking verb: e.g. Destiny is not chance. object of a preposition: e.g. Demitasse is after dinner. nominative of address: e.g. Buyers beware!
  12. 12. appositive: e.g. Henning Brendt, the alchemist, discovered phosphorous in 1669. Noun Song
  13. 13. specific names and are capitalized e.g. University of Rizal System Dior Samsung Write down your own five samples. Proper Nouns
  14. 14. According to grammatical number: collective nouns: e.g. person (jury, committee) may be treated as singular or plural count nouns: e.g. box, package, cars have plural forms Common Nouns
  15. 15. noncount or mass nouns: e.g. cloth, water, wheat, do not have plural forms except under special contexts
  16. 16.  According to reference abstract nouns: e.g. imagination, anger, fear, love, honesty These refer to concepts, emotions, etc. Common Nouns
  17. 17. concrete nouns: e.g. thunder, earthquake, fragrance These refer to phenomena which can be experienced through the senses.
  18. 18. Group yourselves into five and on the allotted space on the board write down as many nouns as you can think of within 60 seconds. Explain the type of each noun to the class with members taking turns. Noun Activity
  19. 19. Write down a summary of your favorite TV show, book or movie. Home Work