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Module 6 Learners with exceptionalities

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Module 6 Learners with exceptionalities

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Module 6 Learners with exceptionalities

  1. 1. MODULE 6
  2. 2. EXCEPTIONALITIES MENTAL RETARDATION SENSORY IMPAIRMENTS AUTISM LEARNING DISABILITIES PHYSICAL DISABILITIES & HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS EMOTIONAL & BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS
  3. 3. DISABILITY Measurable impairment or limitation that interferes with a person’s ability. It may refer to a physical, sensory, or mental condition. (Schiefelbusch)
  4. 4. HANDICAP A disadvantage that occurs as a result of a disability or impairment.
  5. 5. Categories of Exceptionalities
  6. 6. SPECIFIC COGNITIVE OR ACADEMIC DIFFICULTIES Learning disabilities involves difficulties in specific cognitive processes. Like dyslexia (reading), dyscalculia (number operations), and dysgraphia (writing). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 1. Difficulty in focusing and maintaining attention. 2. Recurrent hyperactive and impulsive behavior.. Speech and communication disorder difficulties in spoken language like voice disorders, inability to produce the sounds correctly, stuttering. .
  7. 7. SOCIAL/EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL DIFFICULTIES Autism – It is a condition manifested by different levels of impaired social interaction and communication, repetitive behaviors and limited interests. Mental Retardation – It refers to significant sub-average intelligence and deficits in adaptive behavior. Emotional/Conduct Disorder - This involves the presence of emotional states..
  8. 8. PHYSICAL DISABILITIES AND HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS Physical and Health Impairments -This involves physical or medical conditions including one or more of these: 1.Limited energy and strength 2.Reduced mental alertness 3.Little muscle control .
  9. 9. PHYSICAL DISABILITIES AND HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS Severe and Multiple Disabilities -This refers to the presence of two or more different types of disability, at times at a profound level. Sensory Impairments -Visual Impairments These involves malfunction of the eyes. - Hearing Impairments These involves malfunction of the ear. .
  10. 10. PHYSICAL DISABILITIES AND HEALTH IMPAIRMENTS . Giftedness -This involves a significantly high level of cognitive development.
  11. 11. PEOPLE-FIRST LANGUAGE . Putting the person first, not the disability. Ex: Person with disability not disabled person. “Person with AIDS”, rather than “AIDS Victim”
  12. 12. PEOPLE-FIRST LANGUAGE . Avoiding generic labels people with mental retardation is preferable to mentally retarded. Emphasizing abilities, not limitations uses a wheelchair is preferable to confined to a wheelchair. Avoiding euphemism physically-challenged Avoiding implying illness or suffering Had folio is preferable to is a polio victim and Multiple sclerosis is preferable to suffers from multiple sclerosis.

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