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Virtually, all ancient Hebrew literature is
concerned with religion.
•The greatest literature they have produce is
embodied in the Bible and the Talmud.
The Bible (from Greek τὰ βιβλία ta biblia
"the books") is the various collections of
sacred scripture of the various branches of
Judaism and Christianity.
The Jewish Bible, or Tanakh, is divided into
(1) The Five Books Of The Torah ("teaching" or
"law") comprise the origins of the Israelite
nation, its laws and its covenant with the God
(2) The Nevi'im ("prophets") containing the
historic account of ancient Israel and Judah
plus works of prophecy; and
(3) The Ketuvim ("writings"), poetic and
philosophical works such as the Psalms and
the Book of Job.
It is made up of 39 books and classified in six
groups, History, Prophetic, Books, Lyric
Poetry, Drama, Wisdom Literature and Tales.
It is an account of the origin of the early
development of Christianity. It is made up of
four Biographies of Jesus ( the Gospels ), a
Church History, Twenty one Epistles, and an
Apocalypse. It has 27 books in all.
Christian Bibles include the books of the
Hebrew Bible, but arranged in a different
order: Jewish Scripture ends with the people
of Israel restored to Jerusalem and the
temple and the Christian arrangement ends
with the book of the prophet Malachi.
.- He was the last of the prophets, a farmer's
son from Cunderdin. He had two brothers,
Nathaniel and Josiah, and he was the writer
of the Book of Malachi, the last book of the
Christian edition Old Testament canon
section in the Jewish Tanakh.
This is a collection of 14 books which were
included in the Septuagint (Greek) or Vulgate
(Latin) versions of the Old Testament but
were not considered by the Palestincan Jews
to have been genuinely inspired and which
were not in the original Hebrew. It consists
of four books of history, five tales, two books
of “wisdom” and one Epistle, one song and
The biblical apocrypha are commonly
referred to as simply "the Apocrypha". For
extra-biblical works sometimes referred to
as "apocrypha", see the articles on apocrypha
and on Pseudepigrapha. For biblical works
commonly classified as apocrypha despite
being considered canonical by non-
Protestant Christians, see the article on
deuterocanonical books. Various churches
and congregations have differing views on
which books should be labeled apocrypha.
This term is broadly used to denote the
body of Jewish civil and religions law:
originally, it was applied only to that part
known as Gemarra.
A collection of rabbinical rules and
percepts derived chiefly from the
it is a commentaries on the Mishnab
(there are two recensions or critical revisions
made in an attempt to establish a reliable
text- the Palestinian Talmud and the
A collection of petty regulations and ties, full
of minute of details.
A collection of tales, parables, anecdotes,
and legends employed for the purpose of
illustrating a point of the law.
The book of Psalms in the Bible contains
150 poems which reflect the fragile,
transitory nature of human existence in a
universe in which only God is eternal.
The psalmist, speaking for themselves or
for the Hebrew people convey their deepest
personal feelings about their livesand their
attitudes toward God.
The Psalms express every human emotion-
from love, joy, hope, and faith to fear,
sorrow, despair, and doubt.
The personal emphasis of many of psalms
reflects the importance of individuality and
introspection in the culture of the ancient
Psalm 23 is probably the best known psalm in
the Bible and is loved by peoples of different
religious beliefs. Its symbolic use of language
welcomes a variety of interpretations.
The Lord is my sheperd: I shall not want.
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth
me beside the still waters.
He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of
righteousness for his name’s sake.
Yeah, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of
death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod
and thy staff they comport me.
Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine
Thou annointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Surely goodness and mercy shall not follow me all the
days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the
Lord for ever.
THE STORY OF RUTH
This is a short story containing a tactful
protest against the forbidding of racial
intermarriage Ruth, Moabites, is revealed as
the ancestor of David, the greatest king of
the Hebrews. The story is famous for Ruth’s
declaration of love of her mother-in-law:
“intreat me to love thee?”