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Holvoet JEL7008 4 Online Collaborative Issues


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Online collaboration and motivation issues outlined.

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Holvoet JEL7008 4 Online Collaborative Issues

  1. 1. Online Collaborative Issues<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />1<br />How to Motivate Students<br />June 2011<br />
  2. 2. Motivation<br />Teacher’s Expressed Concern<br />Definition – “the act of giving somebody a reason or incentive to do something” (Merriam-Webster, 2011).<br />Additional considerations that affect motivation <br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />2<br />June 2011<br />
  3. 3. Student Motivational Drivers<br />Student Characteristics<br />Intrinsic <br />Extrinsic <br />(Shroff, & Vogel, 2009)<br />Classroom Characteristics<br />Traditional<br />Online<br />Asynchronous<br />Synchronous<br />(Palloff & Pratt, 2007; Shroff, & Vogel, 2009)<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />3<br />June 2011<br />
  4. 4. Considerations for online learning: <br />Factors that affect student motivation. <br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />4<br />June 2011<br />
  5. 5. Learning Foundation<br />Pedagogy vsAndrogogy<br />Important Considerations<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />5<br />June 2011<br />
  6. 6. Pedagogical vs. Andragogical Differences <br />Differences in learning are apparent when comparing adults to children (Albon & Jewels, 2009; Knowles, Holton, & Swanson, 2005).<br />Holvoet explores adult and child learning differences when exploring learning theory outlined next.<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />6<br />June 2011<br />
  7. 7. Teaching Considerations:Comparing Children and Adults<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />7<br />June 2011<br />
  8. 8. How does motivation and theoretical frameworks affect collaboration?<br />Let’s tie these factors into the issue of collaboration in the online learning environment.<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />8<br />June 2011<br />
  9. 9. Collaboration<br />Collaboration leads to community (Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009).<br />Community is built on social presence ((Blau, Mor, & Neuthab, 2009; Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009; Kassel, 2011; Schutt, Allen & Laumakis, 2009).<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />9<br />June 2011<br />
  10. 10. Community andSocial Presence<br />Community and social presence are two significant components of online learning.<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />10<br />June 2011<br />
  11. 11. Community building strategies:<br /><ul><li>Smaller groups enhance discussion (Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009).
  12. 12. Effective course design attributes to student interaction with peers and course facilitator(Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009; Palloff & Pratt, 2007).</li></ul>Instructor skill in managing online course activity (Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009).<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />11<br />June 2011<br />
  13. 13. Building Community—Benefits include:<br />Development of critical thinking skills,<br />Co-creation of knowledge and meaning,<br />Reflection,<br />Transformative learning. (Palloff & Pratt, 2005, p. 4)<br />June 2011<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />12<br />
  14. 14. Social Presence<br />Defined as the ability to project oneself as real(Blau, Mor & Neuthab, 2009)<br />Social presence in online classrooms is not the same as online interaction (Blau, Mor & Neuthab, 2009; Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009) <br />Various types of learning media might detract from building social presence (Schutt, Allen & Laumakis, 2009).<br />June 2011<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />13<br />
  15. 15. Social Presence Responsibilities<br />Both teacher and student play an active role that make up social presence. Behaviors include:<br />contact between students and faculty; <br />prompt instructor feedback; and <br />cooperation among students when learning takes place online (Johnson & Card, 2007, p. 15). <br />June 2011<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />14<br />
  16. 16. Social Presence – a Teacher’s View (Kassel, 2011).<br /><iframe width="425" height="349" src="" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe><br />Teaching Presence in Online Learning with Dr. Mark Kassel<br />June 2011<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />15<br />
  17. 17. Other topics of consideration include:<br />Comfort level in using technology<br />Assessing faculty and student technology requirements (Billings & Connors, n.d).<br />Participation (Albon & Jewels, 2009). <br />Reflective practice for instructors (Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009); and<br />Reflective practice for students (Cercone, 2008). <br />Building student confidence and skills (Brindley, Walti & Blaschke, 2009; Palloff & Pratt, 2007).<br />Instructor as mediator (Albon & Jewels, 2009).<br />June 2011<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />16<br />
  18. 18. Other Concerns<br />Additional concerns – a reflection.<br />June 2011<br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />17<br />
  19. 19. References<br />Albon, R., & Jewels, T. (2009). Beyond “read and discuss”: Promoting dynamic online interaction and humanness using mediated learning experience. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 22(3), 310-325.<br /> Aragon, S. (Ed.) (2003). Facilitating learning in online environments: New directions for adult and continuing education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. <br /> Billings, D., & Connors, H. (n.d.). Best Practices in Online Learning. National League of Nursing Living Books. Retrieved on May 5, 2011 from <br /> Blau, I., Mor, N., & Neuthab, T. (2009). Open the windows of communication: Promoting interpersonal and group interactions using blogs in higher education. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning & Learning Objects, 5, 233-246.<br /> Brindley, J., Walti, C., & Blaschke, L. (2009). Creating effective collaborative learning groups in an online environment. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning,10(3), 1-18.<br /> Cercone, K. (2008). Characteristics of adult learners with implications for online learning design. AACE Journal, 16(2), 137-159. <br /> Kassel, M. (Apr 7, 2011). Teaching presence in online learning. You Tube. Retrieved May 16, 2011 from <br /> Knowles, M., Holton, E., & Swanson, R. (2005). The adult learner: The definitive classic in adult education and human resource development. Burlington, MA. Elsevier. <br /> Merriam, S. (2008). Adult learning theory for the twenty-first century. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. doi: 10.1002/ace.309. Retrieved from <br /> Merriam-Webster. (2011). Online dictionary. An Encyclopedia Britannica Company. Retrieved from <br /> Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2007). Building online learning communities: Effective strategies for the virtual classroom. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.<br /> Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2005). Collaborating online: Learning together in community.   San Francisco, CA:   Jossey-Bass, Inc.  <br />Shroff, R., & Vogel, D. (2009). Assessing the factors deemed to support individual student intrinsic motivation in technology support online and face-to-face discussions. Journal of Information Technology Education, 8, 59-85.<br /> Schutt, M., Allen, B.., & Laumakis, M. (2009). The effects of instructor immediacy behaviors in online learning environments. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 10(2), 135-148. <br />HolvoetJEL7008-4<br />18<br />June 2011<br />