Fdr And Wwii

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Fdr And Wwii

  1. 1. FDR AND WWII <ul><li>32 nd President </li></ul><ul><li>Democrat </li></ul><ul><li>1933-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>“ A date that will live in infamy” </li></ul>
  2. 2. Germany-1933 <ul><li>Hitler elected chancellor </li></ul><ul><li>Mein Kampf </li></ul>
  3. 3. “Fuehrer of the 3 rd Reich” <ul><li>1934 </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1934-1937 <ul><li>Jewish Ghettos </li></ul><ul><li>Aryan Race </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler ignores Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more payments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build up Army </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 1938 <ul><li>Hitler attacks Austria and Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>There were Germans living under foreign rule! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Munich Pact-1938 <ul><li>Hitler agrees with England and France- no more war </li></ul><ul><li>Appeasement policy!!! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Meanwhile… <ul><li>AXIS POWERS- Tokyo, Berlin, Rome </li></ul>
  8. 8. Spanish Civil War <ul><li>Franco wins </li></ul>
  9. 9. Non-Aggression Pact
  10. 10. September 1,1939-BLITZKREIG! <ul><li>Hitler attacks Poland </li></ul><ul><li>England and France declare war </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1940 <ul><li>April-Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>June-France (Paris is abandoned) </li></ul><ul><li>July-The Battle of Britain begins! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Frightening!
  13. 13. FDR response <ul><li>Cash-Carry </li></ul><ul><li>Lend-Lease </li></ul><ul><li>The country needs me!!! </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1940 election- FDR vs. Wilkie <ul><li>Washington wouldn’t, Grant couldn’t, FDR shouldn’t! </li></ul><ul><li>Better a third term than a third rate! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t change horses in midstream </li></ul>
  15. 15. Results
  16. 16. Quietly prepare-learn from Wilson <ul><li>Build up 2 ocean navy </li></ul><ul><li>Draft </li></ul><ul><li>Secret operations </li></ul>
  17. 17. Radio is a &quot;limited national resource&quot; <ul><li>Shuts up Coughlin! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Hitler attacks Russia! Sept, 1941 <ul><li>Why??? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Meanwhile…Japan has been cut off of oil. <ul><li>Choice A- pull out of China </li></ul><ul><li>Choice B-attack middle east </li></ul><ul><li>Choice C-attack U.S. first </li></ul>
  20. 20. December 7 th , 1941
  21. 21. <ul><li>19 ships </li></ul><ul><li>188 planes </li></ul><ul><li>2,400 Americans </li></ul><ul><li>0 aircraft carriers </li></ul>
  22. 22. Where to go first? <ul><li>Why Europe? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eisenhower </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Defensive fighting in Pacific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MacArthur </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. 1942- Success and Concern <ul><li>North Africa-Patton vs. Rommel </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines- “I shall return!” </li></ul>
  24. 24. 1943-Italy-Mussolini
  25. 25. Now where- France or Russia? <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>What about Battle of Stalingrad? </li></ul>
  26. 26. D-Day-June 6 th , 1944
  27. 27. Largest land, air, and sea invasion in history! <ul><li>Operation Overlord </li></ul>
  28. 28. Island hopping in the Pacific <ul><li>Midway, Guadal Canal, Philippines, Iwo Jima </li></ul>
  29. 29. Election time again- FDR vs. Dewey
  30. 30. 1945 <ul><li>January- Battle of the Bulge </li></ul><ul><li>Now, the race is on! </li></ul>
  31. 31. April 12, 1945- oh, no! <ul><li>Lucy Mercer </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Truman </li></ul>
  32. 32. April 30 th , 1945 <ul><li>Eva Braun </li></ul>
  33. 33. May 8 th -V-E day
  34. 34. Focus on Pacific <ul><li>Tokyo fire bombings </li></ul><ul><li>July 16, 1945-the test </li></ul>
  35. 35. August 6 th , 1945 <ul><li>Hiroshima </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 instantly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100,000 radiation </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. August 9 th , 1945 <ul><li>Nagasaki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60,000 instantly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100,00 radiation </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. August 14 th -V-J Day
  38. 38. Was it the right thing to do???
  39. 39. Other issues… <ul><li>Rosie Riveter </li></ul>
  40. 40. Four Freedoms Speech freedom of speech freedom of worship freedom from want freedom from fear
  41. 41. Korematsu vs. the U.S.
  42. 42. The Holocaust
  43. 43. When did FDR know? <ul><li>Voyage of the Damned </li></ul><ul><li>SS St. Louis-1939 </li></ul>620 passengers returned to Europe (England & France 260 perish from the Holocaust
  44. 44. Operation Paper Clip & Manhattan Project
  45. 45. Operation Unthinkable
  46. 46. Propaganda <ul><li>Cartoons at War </li></ul><ul><li>Daffy Duck </li></ul>

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