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Queering the Map
Theoretical
Reflections on
Spatial Methods
Jen Jack Gieseking
American Studies
Trinity College
jgieseking...
What the map cuts up, the story cuts across.
- Michel de Certeau (YR)
What stories cut up, the maps cut across.
- Jen Jack...
…“scientificity” between mixed datasets, including qualitative and
quantitative data, when placing them in conversation.
…...
An Introduction: Mapping, Queer and Otherwise
I: Mental Mapping
II: GIS & Spatial Statistics
III: GeoWeb / Interactive GIS...
An Introduction to Theories of Mapping,
Queer and Otherwise
>> Gardner’s Frames Of Mind: The
Theory Of Multiple Intelligences (1993)
From Hayden (1997): “Cognitive maps of Los Angele...
Critical
GIS
• The reproduction of political, social, and economic inequalities through
spatial information technologies a...
Queer
Geography
• Successful and imperfect maps that “attempt” to represent unrepresentable
(Brown & Knopp 2008 “Queering ...
Case: from Living in an (In)Visible World to
Queer New York
• 1979 “ghettos” --> 1983
“neighborhoods”
• Gays linked to patterns of
gentrification
• LGBTQ people are most often
associ...
• “Invisible”
• Possess less capital and power
than men / rent longer and buy
later heightens dispossession
• Associated w...
1983-2008
NYC
Images: © Levine Roberts, Keith Haring, n/a, GO, gonyc.gov
• 47 self-identified lesbians & queer women
came out between 1983-2008, 1/3 women of color, 1/2
from NYC
Alison Bechdel 19...
• Participatory online focus group
1/3 of participants, all generations
• Group Interviews, Mental Maps, Artifacts,
Themat...
Neighborhoods
Bars
City
& Bodies
What do contemporary lesbians’ and queer women’s
everyday, urban spaces say about their h...
Methods & Analytics I: Mental Mapping &
Across Generation Group Interviews
Lesbian-Queer
Neighborhoods
Desi ‘91’s Map Sally ‘95’s Map
@jgieseking
Lesbian-Queer
Neighborhoods & Places
…it’s funny—I almost never go to Park Slope. I feel like it’s not a lesbian
neighborh...
I don’t go [to Manhattan] anymore. …
Brooklyn is really busy. Ginger’s [Bar] is
sort of at the center…and I have lesbians
...
Lesbians and queer women’s spaces are less territorial and instead
fragmented and fleeting.
Lesbians and queer women carry...
Methods & Analytics II: GIS & Spatial Statistics
Color = Participant Year of Coming Out
Red = Cassie ’83 (Latina, middle class, from NYC)
Blue = Susan ’92 (white, middle c...
60000
65000
70000
75000
80000
85000
90000
95000
100000
105000
1983
1985
1987
1989
1991
1993
1995
1997
1999
2001
2003
2005
...
Lesbian-Queer
Activisms
Range of
GIS Tools
Level of difficulty
Google
Maps
Non-proprietaryre:access/controlofdata
CartoDB MapBox
OSM
ArcGIS
QGIS
N...
QGIS
Is…
•Quantum GIS @ qgis.org
•F/OSS is free & open source software - accessible by and for public
•Fills gap between A...
QGIS: Mapping
Whiteness
1980 2010
QGIS:
Bachelors+
1980 2010
Opaque is
Being Polite
• Spatial statistics, stats, and data
visualizations, et al., can…fail
you
• On the left: regressio...
Methods & Analytics III:
GeoWeb / Interactive GIS Online
Mapbox
Is…
•Mapbox Studio (was TileMill) can be found at mapbox.com
•F/OSS is free & open source software with pay as you ...
Queer Public Archive
at WorkLesbian Herstory
Archives
Queer Public Archive
at Work
1983 1998
@jgieseking
Discussion: Queer Inventions, Intentions, &
Interventions in Mapping
…“scientificity” between mixed datasets, including qualitative and
quantitative data, when placing them in conversation.
…...
Friendships between 7,188
users of the Facebook group
“Queer Exchange” over one
year. 2013.
Relationships between one
user...
Friendships between 7,188
users of the Facebook group
“Queer Exchange” over one
year. 2013.
Relationships between one
user...
Friendships between 7,188
users of the Facebook group
“Queer Exchange” over one
year. 2013.
Relationships between one
user...
Seeing Our
Voices
Geography as More
than GIS
Geography reveals and is revealed by history, culture,
political economy, and so on.
…“scientificity” between mixed datasets, including qualitative and
quantitative data, when placing them in conversation.
…...
What the map cuts up, the story cuts across.
- Michel de Certeau (YR)
What stories cut up, the maps cut across.
- Jen Jack...
Questions & comments:
@jgieseking
jgieseking.org
peopleplacespace.org
jack.gieseking@trincoll.edu
All papers available on ...
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Gieseking - "Queering the Map" Talk

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This talk, "Queering the Map," was given by Jen Jack Gieseking at the Futures Initiative of The Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY) on October 2nd. The video, Storify, and notes from the talk can be found at http://futures.gc.cuny.edu/blog/2015/10/02/queering-the-map-recap/.

In The Practice of Everyday Life, de Certeau writes that “What the map cuts up, the story cuts across.” But what if the everyday stories you seek are already cut up by centuries of structural inequality and oppression, such as those of lesbians and queer women? In this talk on “Queering the Map,” Jack Gieseking investigates what can be gained for the study of queer lives and spaces by bringing together the isolated but overlapping stories of lesbians and queer women in maps, from the hand-drawn to the most technologically advanced and interactive.

Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative work on lesbians’ and queer women’s spaces and economies in New York City from 1983 to 2008—including multi-generational focus groups and mental maps, archival research and GIS—Gieseking works through three different types of mapping methods and platforms within a participatory action research framework. Through a close analysis of mental maps, and GIS maps made across platforms using QGIS, CartoDB, and TileMill/Mapbox, they suggest that the spatial and verbal can both obfuscate or illuminate understandings of everyday life. It is the queer practice of holding these seeming binaries in tension that reveals the most rich and complicated knowledge.

Jack’s first book is The People, Place, and Space Reader, co-edited with William Mangold, Cindi Katz, Setha Low, and Susan Saegert, and recently out with Routledge. He has held fellowships with the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation as German Chancellor Fellow; The Center for Place, Culture, and Politics; The Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies; and the Woodrow Wilson Women’s Studies Dissertation Fellows Program. Jack has published in Journal of Urban Affairs, Qualitative Inquiry, Journal of Interactive Technology & Pedagogy, Antipode, and Radical History Review, and has contributed to HASTAC as well. She also writes about his research as a blogger with the Huffington Post Gay Voices.

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Gieseking - "Queering the Map" Talk

  1. 1. Queering the Map Theoretical Reflections on Spatial Methods Jen Jack Gieseking American Studies Trinity College jgieseking.org @jgieseking
  2. 2. What the map cuts up, the story cuts across. - Michel de Certeau (YR) What stories cut up, the maps cut across. - Jen Jack Gieseking (2015) @jgieseking
  3. 3. …“scientificity” between mixed datasets, including qualitative and quantitative data, when placing them in conversation. …choosing tools for digital humanities (DH) and/or social data sciences (SDS) project by working in conversation across multiple platforms. Queer In(ter)ventions …multiple intelligences of data collection and analysis to afford more expression in conversations with participants. Holding tension between… @jgieseking
  4. 4. An Introduction: Mapping, Queer and Otherwise I: Mental Mapping II: GIS & Spatial Statistics III: GeoWeb / Interactive GIS Online Discussion: Queer Interventions in Mapping Case: Lesbian-Queer New York Methods & Analytics: An Outline @jgieseking
  5. 5. An Introduction to Theories of Mapping, Queer and Otherwise
  6. 6. >> Gardner’s Frames Of Mind: The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences (1993) From Hayden (1997): “Cognitive maps of Los Angeles as perceived by predominantly Anglo American residents of Westwood” from the LA Dept of Planning 1971 Spatial Cognition • Tolman’s “Cognitive Maps in Rats & Men” (1948) • Lynch’s The Image of the City (1960) • Wood’s Power of Maps (1992) Mental mapping as the representation of a individual or group’s cognitive map through hand sketching or computer-based design, including information, emotions, and ideas associated with them, whether real and/or imagined. -Gieseking (2013)
  7. 7. Critical GIS • The reproduction of political, social, and economic inequalities through spatial information technologies and the practices associated with them • Related to and/or inclusive of conversations regarding geodata, spatial temporal modeling, participatory GIS, feminist GIS, mapping 2.0, neogeography, volunteered GIS @jgieseking
  8. 8. Queer Geography • Successful and imperfect maps that “attempt” to represent unrepresentable (Brown & Knopp 2008 “Queering the Map”) • Social, political, and economic limits on what women can say and show (Women’s Ways of Knowing 1986; Bagheri 2014) • Beyond “antinormativity” (Weigman & Wilson 2016) > hold binaries in tension examples: global v. local >> intimate imbricated in global (Pratt & Rosner 2012); queer in/stability of history making (Gieseking 2015) Images: © Green Monkey, LHA, Vanity Fair, Tattooinque
  9. 9. Case: from Living in an (In)Visible World to Queer New York
  10. 10. • 1979 “ghettos” --> 1983 “neighborhoods” • Gays linked to patterns of gentrification • LGBTQ people are most often associated with places such as bars, neighborhoods, and cities • Consistent claim to territoriality and publics as pathway to LGBTQ liberation Urban Geographies of Sexualities Castells (1983) @jgieseking
  11. 11. • “Invisible” • Possess less capital and power than men / rent longer and buy later heightens dispossession • Associated with a narrative of fear of the city and fear of public space • Lesbian neighborhoods are more identified as “spatial concentrations” LesbianHerstoryArchives.org. 2012. Urban Geographies of Women @jgieseking
  12. 12. 1983-2008 NYC Images: © Levine Roberts, Keith Haring, n/a, GO, gonyc.gov
  13. 13. • 47 self-identified lesbians & queer women came out between 1983-2008, 1/3 women of color, 1/2 from NYC Alison Bechdel 1987 Methods • 22 group interviews mixed-methods: within & across generation interviews, mental maps, artifact sharing • Archival research (Lesbian Herstory Archives) 382 organizational records, 25 years of publications
  14. 14. • Participatory online focus group 1/3 of participants, all generations • Group Interviews, Mental Maps, Artifacts, Thematic top-down, bottom-up coding • Archival Research Thematic coding, statistical analyses, critical GIS • Mixed Analytics Trace summary & individual stories across data, compare/ contrast across datasets > reiterate, reiterate, reiterate the tension Methods & Analytics Image: © Shutterstock We too often obscure knowledge production by highlighting methods alone
  15. 15. Neighborhoods Bars City & Bodies What do contemporary lesbians’ and queer women’s everyday, urban spaces say about their history and culture?
  16. 16. Methods & Analytics I: Mental Mapping & Across Generation Group Interviews
  17. 17. Lesbian-Queer Neighborhoods Desi ‘91’s Map Sally ‘95’s Map @jgieseking
  18. 18. Lesbian-Queer Neighborhoods & Places …it’s funny—I almost never go to Park Slope. I feel like it’s not a lesbian neighborhood [in 2008]. …my girlfriend’s aunt lived there in the ‘70s and when we moved there in 1989 she was like, “Oh! It’s not a lesbian neighborhood anymore! All of the Columbus Avenue [implying wealthy, predominantly White elite] people have moved in.” …we [lesbians and queer women] all talk about Park Slope as this sort of Shangri-La of lesbian safety. …all of the like institutions, like, The Rising [Café and Bar]—they’ve disappeared. [Pause.] But, I guess it doesn’t really matter I suppose because if people feel like something’s a lesbian neighborhood then by dint of their believing it, it is. - Sarah ‘85 Images: © New York
  19. 19. I don’t go [to Manhattan] anymore. … Brooklyn is really busy. Ginger’s [Bar] is sort of at the center…and I have lesbians radiating out from Ginger’s [makes starburst motions with hands], ‘cause, you know, that’s kind of how I saw Brooklyn. But…it’s not like, “Oh I go home to my queer neighborhood.” Like, we don’t have that. …it’s like we’re constantly moving in and out of queer and straight and lesbians spaces and mostly we’re in kind of, like [sighs]…spaces that are heteronormative or whatever you want to call it. So I wouldn’t say I really have a queer community. And I felt like it’s kind of failing on my part. - Sally ‘95 Lesbian-Queer City
  20. 20. Lesbians and queer women’s spaces are less territorial and instead fragmented and fleeting. Lesbians and queer women carry their spaces in and on the body. I call these productions of lesbian-queer spaces constellations. The processes and practices underlying the production of constellations inform my new research of the Queer Public Archive. Queer New York Queer New York: Geographies of Lesbians, Dykes, and Queer Women, 1983-2008
  21. 21. Methods & Analytics II: GIS & Spatial Statistics
  22. 22. Color = Participant Year of Coming Out Red = Cassie ’83 (Latina, middle class, from NYC) Blue = Susan ’92 (white, middle class) Green = Sally ’96 (white, upper-middle class) Brown = Shawn ’98 (black, middle class, from NYC) Purple = Holly ’03 (white, working-middle class) Orange = Beth ’06 (white, working-middle class) MANHATTAN QUEENS BROOKLYN West Village East Village Park Slope Bed- Stuy Central Park WilliamsburgChelsea Lesbian-Queer Gentrification @jgieseking
  23. 23. 60000 65000 70000 75000 80000 85000 90000 95000 100000 105000 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 Couple'Male* Male' Couple' Female*Male' Couple' Female*Female' F(3) = 433; p > .001, R2 = .946 $13,392 +/- per couple type US Median Annual Earnings by Type of Couple $13,392 +/- per couple type Source data: Hegewisch, et al. (2011), Institute for Research on Women Lesbian-Queer Economies
  24. 24. Lesbian-Queer Activisms
  25. 25. Range of GIS Tools Level of difficulty Google Maps Non-proprietaryre:access/controlofdata CartoDB MapBox OSM ArcGIS QGIS Note: colors just to make more readable
  26. 26. QGIS Is… •Quantum GIS @ qgis.org •F/OSS is free & open source software - accessible by and for public •Fills gap between ArcGIS and GMaps •Free and smart GIS practicum: http://www.baruch.cuny.edu/geoportal/ practicum/ ℅ Frank Donnelly - taught in six 1.5 hour classes @jgieseking
  27. 27. QGIS: Mapping Whiteness 1980 2010
  28. 28. QGIS: Bachelors+ 1980 2010
  29. 29. Opaque is Being Polite • Spatial statistics, stats, and data visualizations, et al., can…fail you • On the left: regression analyses between census property values and number of lesbian-queer places per tract reveals “groupings” • For more, see http:// jgieseking.org/opaque-is-being- polite/ @jgieseking
  30. 30. Methods & Analytics III: GeoWeb / Interactive GIS Online
  31. 31. Mapbox Is… •Mapbox Studio (was TileMill) can be found at mapbox.com •F/OSS is free & open source software with pay as you go storage •Interactive geoweb tech - fills gap btw QGIS & GMaps •Heavy design component in CartoCSS & code for participatory qualities •Training: TileMill’s “Crashcourse” in one day + learn CSS as you go
  32. 32. Queer Public Archive at WorkLesbian Herstory Archives
  33. 33. Queer Public Archive at Work 1983 1998 @jgieseking
  34. 34. Discussion: Queer Inventions, Intentions, & Interventions in Mapping
  35. 35. …“scientificity” between mixed datasets, including qualitative and quantitative data, when placing them in conversation. …choosing tools for digital humanities (DH) and/or social data sciences (SDS) project by working in conversation across multiple platforms. Queer Inte(rve)ntions …multiple intelligences of data collection and analysis to afford more expression in conversations with participants. Holding tension between… @jgieseking
  36. 36. Friendships between 7,188 users of the Facebook group “Queer Exchange” over one year. 2013. Relationships between one users’ 1,512 friends on Facebook. 2013. Moment of Big Data
  37. 37. Friendships between 7,188 users of the Facebook group “Queer Exchange” over one year. 2013. Relationships between one users’ 1,512 friends on Facebook. 2013. Moment of Big Data
  38. 38. Friendships between 7,188 users of the Facebook group “Queer Exchange” over one year. 2013. Relationships between one users’ 1,512 friends on Facebook. 2013. Moment of Big Data
  39. 39. Seeing Our Voices
  40. 40. Geography as More than GIS Geography reveals and is revealed by history, culture, political economy, and so on.
  41. 41. …“scientificity” between mixed datasets, including qualitative and quantitative data, when placing them in conversation. …choosing tools for digital humanities (DH) and/or social data sciences (SDS) project by working in conversation across multiple platforms. Queer Interventions …multiple intelligences of data collection and analysis to afford more expression in conversations with participants. Holding tension between… @jgieseking
  42. 42. What the map cuts up, the story cuts across. - Michel de Certeau (YR) What stories cut up, the maps cut across. - Jen Jack Gieseking (2015) @jgieseking
  43. 43. Questions & comments: @jgieseking jgieseking.org peopleplacespace.org jack.gieseking@trincoll.edu All papers available on jgieseking.org/publications. Thank you.

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