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ASSESSING THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS
OF BUILDING MATERIALS
October 2013
Jeremy Gibberd
Format
1
2
3
4
5

Research Question
Criteria for the Selection of Methodologies
Selected Methodologies
Discussion
The Sust...
Research question
•

Can an objective way of measuring, and representing,
the key social and economic sustainability impac...
Theoretical framework
•

What is meant by social and economic sustainability
impacts?

...improving the quality of human l...
Review criteria for methodologies
A. Do the methodologies enable the assessment of
building products, and comparisons betw...
Methodologies
Selected Methodologies
A. Global Reporting Initiative
B. ISO 26000 Guidance on Social Responsibility
C. Guidelines for Soc...
Selected methodologies
A. Global Reporting Initiative
B. ISO 26000 Guidance on Social Responsibility
C. Guidelines for Soc...
Global Reporting Initiative
•

•

•

Developed by the Global
Reporting Initiative
‘a trusted and credible
framework for
su...
GRI assessment criteria
Economic performance
Market presence
Indirect economic impacts
Materials
Energy
Water
Biodiversity...
Application Levels for GRI reports
ISO 26000 Guidance on Social Responsibility
•

•

•

•

Developed by International
Standards Organisation
(ISO)
...provide...
ISO assessment criteria
Human rights
Labour practices
The environment
Fair operating practices
Consumer issues
Community i...
Overview of ISO 26000
Guidelines for Social Lifecycle Assessment of
Products
•

Developed by United Nations
Environmental Programme

•

Increase...
GSLAP assessment criteria
Human rights
Working conditions
Health and safety
Cultural heritage
Governance
Social and econom...
Social impact assessment system from
categories to unit of measurement
Example summary of S-LCA for considered
stakeholder groups
Discussion
•

•

•

•

GRI, ISO and GSLAP methodologies are relevant and
have useful concepts that can be applied to the C...
The Sustainable Building Materials Index
SBMI
Building
Product
System

Company
• Employment
• Training
• Mentoring
• Health and safety
• Abseentism
Outputs
• Carbon emi...
Production – Functional Units
- Impacts per functional unit
PRODUCTION
Construction products produced (number/year)

FUNCT...
Functional units
Roof functional
unit

Door functional
unit
Window functional
unit

Wall
functional unit
Floor functional
...
SBMI Report
Thank you, Questions?

Jeremy Gibberd

Gauge
www.sustainablebuildingmaterialindex.com
www.sustainablebuiltenvironments.com
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Assessing the sustainability of building materials

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Assessing the sustainability of building materials

  1. 1. ASSESSING THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF BUILDING MATERIALS October 2013 Jeremy Gibberd
  2. 2. Format 1 2 3 4 5 Research Question Criteria for the Selection of Methodologies Selected Methodologies Discussion The Sustainable Building Materials Index
  3. 3. Research question • Can an objective way of measuring, and representing, the key social and economic sustainability impacts related to the building products be developed, in order to enable building products to be compared?
  4. 4. Theoretical framework • What is meant by social and economic sustainability impacts? ...improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting eco-systems. (IUCN/UNEP/WWF,1991) Quantified definition the achievement of an Ecological Footprint of less than 1.8 global hectares per person and the achievement of a Human Development Index value of above 0.8 (World Wild Life Fund, 2006).
  5. 5. Review criteria for methodologies A. Do the methodologies enable the assessment of building products, and comparisons between building products, to be made? B. Do the methodologies focus on measurement of key social and economic aspects related to sustainability?
  6. 6. Methodologies
  7. 7. Selected Methodologies A. Global Reporting Initiative B. ISO 26000 Guidance on Social Responsibility C. Guidelines for Social Lifecycle Assessment of Products
  8. 8. Selected methodologies A. Global Reporting Initiative B. ISO 26000 Guidance on Social Responsibility C. Guidelines for Social Lifecycle Assessment of Products
  9. 9. Global Reporting Initiative • • • Developed by the Global Reporting Initiative ‘a trusted and credible framework for sustainability reporting’. [ report content]... made by considering..organization’s purpose and experience, ..expectations and interests of the organization’s stakeholders.
  10. 10. GRI assessment criteria Economic performance Market presence Indirect economic impacts Materials Energy Water Biodiversity Emissions, effluent and waste Products and services Compliance Transport Employment Labour / management relations Occupational health and safety Training and education Diversity and equal opportunities Equal remuneration for woman and man Investment and procurement practices Non discrimination Freedom of association and collective bargaining Child labour Prevention of forced and compulsory labour Security practices Indigenous rights Local communities Corruption Public policy Anti-competitive behaviour Compliance Customer health and safety Product and services labelling Marketing and communication Customer privacy Compliance
  11. 11. Application Levels for GRI reports
  12. 12. ISO 26000 Guidance on Social Responsibility • • • • Developed by International Standards Organisation (ISO) ...provide guidance on the underlying principles of social responsibility ...integrate socially responsible behaviour into the organization Guidance - not to be used for certification
  13. 13. ISO assessment criteria Human rights Labour practices The environment Fair operating practices Consumer issues Community involvement and development
  14. 14. Overview of ISO 26000
  15. 15. Guidelines for Social Lifecycle Assessment of Products • Developed by United Nations Environmental Programme • Increase decision-makers’ awareness of more sustainable life cycle stages. Provide holistic assessments of the implications of a product’s life cycle for the environment and the society. Offer guidance to reduce environmental degradation increase the environmental, economic and social benefits • •
  16. 16. GSLAP assessment criteria Human rights Working conditions Health and safety Cultural heritage Governance Social and economic repercussions
  17. 17. Social impact assessment system from categories to unit of measurement
  18. 18. Example summary of S-LCA for considered stakeholder groups
  19. 19. Discussion • • • • GRI, ISO and GSLAP methodologies are relevant and have useful concepts that can be applied to the CBA project. None of these methodologies can be readily be applied to compare social and economic impacts of building products in South Africa The GSLAP methodology comes closest to this requirements. It will however require standardisation to support comparability. Worth developing an SBMI
  20. 20. The Sustainable Building Materials Index SBMI
  21. 21. Building Product System Company • Employment • Training • Mentoring • Health and safety • Abseentism Outputs • Carbon emissions • Pollution • Waste Inputs • Resources • Water • Land use Outputs • Wall functional unit Enterprise • Employment
  22. 22. Production – Functional Units - Impacts per functional unit PRODUCTION Construction products produced (number/year) FUNCTIONAL UNIT Construction product units required per 1 m2 of wall functional unit ENVIRONMENTAL Resource consumption Carbon emissions per year Water consumption Production area hectares Kg equiv waste products Kg equiv pollution SOCIO ECONOMIC FTE equivalent years of employment per year FTE equivalent years of employment in employment per year (FTE years) Formal training hour equivalents per year (Formal training hours / year) Formal mentoring hour equivalents per year (Formal mentoing hours / year) Health and safety incident equivalents per year (Formal mentoing hours / year) Abseenteism equivalent years per year (Formal mentoing hours / year) 300 000 Production in functional units 300 1000 Per site Per functional production unit 455 000 455 209 000 209 400 500 400.5 9 0.009 28 000 28 5 400 5.4 11 440 1 000 446 250 Weighting Value Index 455 209 400.5 0.009 28 5.4 3 4 5 3 3 4 1 1 1 1 11.44 1 0.446 0.25 1 1 1 2 1 11.44 1 0.446 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.11 3 1 0.27 3 0.25 110 270 0.11 0.27
  23. 23. Functional units Roof functional unit Door functional unit Window functional unit Wall functional unit Floor functional unit
  24. 24. SBMI Report
  25. 25. Thank you, Questions? Jeremy Gibberd Gauge www.sustainablebuildingmaterialindex.com www.sustainablebuiltenvironments.com

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