Teaching With Thinking Graphics


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This powerpoint will look at the basic differences between concept maps, mind mapping, graphic organizers, and outlines ... all as a form of graphically representing mental schema. By Jesse Gentile

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  • Teaching With Thinking Graphics

    1. 1. Inspiration… Mental Mapping.. Graphic Organizers… EME2040 – Jesse Gentile WEEK 4
    2. 2. Teaching With Thinking Graphics <ul><li>Traditional Outlining vs. </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Mind Mapping </li></ul>
    3. 3. Traditional Outlining <ul><li>An outline presents a picture of the main ideas and the subsidiary ideas of any subject. Some typical uses of outlining are: a class reading assignment, an essay, a term paper, a book review or a speech.  A logical, general description </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines show primarily hierarchies, not interrelationships. </li></ul><ul><li>An organizational pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Outlines are text/sentence based. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Typical Outline Layout <ul><li>I.  MAIN IDEA                A. Subsidiary idea or supporting idea to I                B. Subsidiary idea or supporting idea to I                    1. Subsidiary idea to B                    2. Subsidiary idea to B                         a) Subsidiary idea to 2                        b) Subsidiary idea to 2 </li></ul><ul><li>        II.  MAIN IDEA                A. Subsidiary or supporting idea to II                B. Subsidiary idea to II                C. Subsidiary idea to II </li></ul><ul><li>        III.  MAIN IDEA </li></ul>
    5. 5. Example Outline <ul><li>Major Aspects of Aids                   </li></ul><ul><li>       I. Transmittal of AIDS            A. Transfusions            B. Body fluids                1. Sexual                2. Non-sexual </li></ul><ul><li>      II.  Societal Consequences of AIDS             A. Epidemic disease pattern                 1. Teenagers                 2. Women                 3. Homosexuals             B. AIDS babies             C. Increased homophobia             D. Overburdened health care </li></ul><ul><li>     III.  Research Solutions to AIDS             A. AZT             B. HIV virus             C. Other viruses </li></ul>
    6. 6. Thinking Graphics (Graphic Organizers) <ul><li>Many students are VISUAL learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate the same information found in an outline/speech, by using graphics of some form. </li></ul><ul><li>Text+graphics engage the brain in DUAL CODING </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic organizers can show many more relationships between ideas than just hierarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>The right Shapes help suggest the relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures and colors can be brought in. </li></ul>
    7. 7. 1. Graphic Organizers <ul><li>Use a SHAPE to suggests one or two kinds relationship between ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous: VEN DIAGRAMS </li></ul>
    8. 8. 1. Graphic Organizers cont… <ul><li>They are less flexible because the shape is good for only showing one or two relationships or skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires you to know many different graphic organizers so you can illustrate lots of different concepts and relationships in your teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>On the other hand, this makes them simple to use and teach. </li></ul><ul><li>They are good for helping kids focus in on ONE kind of thinking they may be weak on… </li></ul>
    9. 9. 1. Graphic Organizers: Examples <ul><li>The concept: A cycle. Concept: Chain of Events </li></ul>Both shapes suggest order of events. Linear vs repeating.
    10. 10. Graphic Organizer Examples Fishbone maps show more complicated relationships between causes and a final effect. I.e. causes of WW2 .
    11. 11. Graphic Organizers: Examples
    12. 12. Final thoughts on G. Organizers <ul><li>As teachers, one of the keys is not just to teach facts but to teach the relationship between facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic organizers will not be much use for doing anything other than teaching the relationship their shape represents. </li></ul><ul><li>There are hundreds. You can even create your own. </li></ul><ul><li>Some graphic organizers help students remember a process of thinking more than just a relationship between ideas. </li></ul>
    13. 13. 2. Concept Maps <ul><li>A graphical tool to show lots of different relationships between a whole family of concepts at once. </li></ul><ul><li>Concept Maps show PROPOSITIONS (basic statements) between lots of different concepts by using LINKING WORDS written on arrows. </li></ul><ul><li>They do show a hierarchy with the main idea up at the top. </li></ul>
    14. 14. A proposition . Don’t write propositions INSIDE the boxes.
    15. 15. 2. Concept Maps <ul><li>Help to show RELATIONSHIPS between many different concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>A large amount of information can be shown in one concept map BECAUSE each concept only shows up on the map once, rather than being written over and over in many sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Concept maps invite you to see NEW RELATIONSHIPS between concepts you’ve written out. </li></ul>
    16. 16. 2. Concept Maps cont… <ul><li>They don’t highlight ONE relationship or thought process by their shape like graphic organizers. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be used to take notes with, study with, or brainstorm with. </li></ul><ul><li>Concept maps are more complicated to learn, but are more powerful and flexible. </li></ul>
    17. 18. From: http://www.mc.maricopa.edu/dept/d43/glg/Study_Aids/concept_maps/conceptmaps1.gif
    18. 19. 2. Concept Map Examples From: http://www.strategictransitions.com/conceptmaps.htm
    19. 20. Concept Maps <ul><li>How to: http://www.ed.psu.edu/ci/Papers/STS/gac-6/amapgd.htm </li></ul><ul><li>USES: - Develop an understanding of a body of knowledge. - Explore new information and relationships. - Access prior knowledge. - Gather new knowledge and information. - Share knowledge and information generated. - Design structures or processes such as written documents, constructions, web sites, web search, multimedia presentations. - Problem solve options. </li></ul>
    20. 21. Concept Maps. Critical Questions <ul><li>Critical Questions: What is the central word, concept, research question or problem around which to build the map? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the concepts, items, descriptive words or telling questions that you can associate with the concept, topic, research question or problem? </li></ul>
    21. 22. Concept Maps: Suggestions <ul><li>Suggestions: - Use a top down approach, working from general to specific or use a free association approach by brainstorming nodes and then develop links and relationships. - Use different colors and shapes for nodes & links to identify different types of information. - Use different colored nodes to identify prior and new information. - Use a cloud node to identify a question. </li></ul><ul><li>- Gather information to a question in the question node. </li></ul>
    22. 23. 3. Mental (Mind) Mapping <ul><li>Lets listen to the man who created them: </li></ul>
    23. 24. Mind Map of how to mind map. From: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/26/MindMapGuidlines.JPG
    24. 25. Tony Buzan suggests using the following foundation structures for Mind Mapping: <ul><li>Start in the center with an image of the topic, using at least 3 colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Use images, symbols, codes, and dimensions throughout your Mind Map. </li></ul><ul><li>Select key words and print using upper or lower case letters. </li></ul><ul><li>Each word/image must be alone and sitting on its own line. </li></ul><ul><li>The lines must be connected, starting from the central image. The central lines are thicker, organic and flowing, becoming thinner as they radiate out from the centre. </li></ul><ul><li>Make the lines the same length as the word/image. </li></ul><ul><li>Use colors – your own code – throughout the Mind Map. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop your own personal style of Mind Mapping. </li></ul><ul><li>Use emphasis and show associations in your Mind Map. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the Mind Map clear by using radial hierarchy, numerical order or outlines to embrace your branches. [1] </li></ul>
    25. 26. 3. Mind Mapping Continued <ul><li>Tends to be an individual activity </li></ul><ul><li>There are specific ways to mind map (Tony Buzan) or more general ways to draw general webbed diagrams. </li></ul><ul><li>These can be reviewed, studied with. They are hard to teach with. </li></ul><ul><li>The power is in the CREATING and REVIEWING them for yourself or your group. </li></ul>
    26. 27. From: http://www.george-spencer.notts.sch.uk/LeadingEdge_Website/L2L/images/LearningPower_MindMap.gif
    27. 28. Uses and value of mind mapping. From: http://www.novamind.com/images/Gallery/MindMappingBig.jpg
    28. 29. http://www.buzan.com.au/images/EnergyMindMap_big.jpg
    29. 30. http://www.buzan.com.au/images/EnergyMindMap_big.jpg
    30. 31. Inspiration <ul><li>Inspiration is a powerful and easy to use piece of software for concept mapping and possibly mind mapping. </li></ul><ul><li>There are other pieces of software to help you mind map and draw concept maps. </li></ul><ul><li>www.mind-maps.org lists tons!! </li></ul>
    31. 32. Download a Trial Version. <ul><li>Visit: www.inspiration.com </li></ul><ul><li>Download Inspiration 8. Do not download Kidspiration or any of the of the other programs unless you just want to try them out. </li></ul>
    32. 33. Quick Overview of How to Use it <ul><li>http://inspiration.com/quicktours/index.cfm?fuseaction=Insp_Quicktour_QT </li></ul>
    33. 34. This weeks assignment. <ul><li>Create 2 concept maps. </li></ul><ul><li>EXPORT (not save) it as a graphics file (any format that looks good. </li></ul><ul><li>Upload it from the ASSIGNMENT 4 page, not email or digital drop box. </li></ul>