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Blue team power point for juvenile diabetes final


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juvenile diabetes

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Blue team power point for juvenile diabetes final

  1. 1. Juvenile Diabetes (Type 1) Blue Group Leela Gail Patricia Nicole
  2. 2. History Affects children from an early age Detected from as early as 17th century AD Frederick Banting – discovery of insulin An exact cause not known Causes insulin dependency
  3. 3. Clinical DescriptionAuto Immune DiseaseDecreased insulin productionNo known prevention methods
  4. 4. Definition:  Decreased insulin production  High blood sugar and decreased insulin production  Helps the body’s cells to convert sugar into energy  Absence, causes buildup in blood  Helps the body’s cells to convert sugar into energy  Absence, causes buildup in blood
  5. 5. Juvenile Diabetes The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes) may occur suddenly, and include:  Urinating at night (nocturnal enuresis)  Blurred vision  Numbness or tingling in Frequent urination the hands or feet Increased thirst  Heavy or labored Extreme hunger breathing Unexplained weight loss  Drowsiness or lethargy Extreme weakness and fatigue  Fruity odor on the breath
  6. 6. Juvenile Diabetes The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes) may occur suddenly, and include:• Frequent urination • Urinating at night (nocturnal• Increased thirst enuresis)• Extreme hunger • Blurred vision • Numbness or tingling in the• Unexplained weight hands or feet loss • Heavy or labored breathing• Extreme weakness • Drowsiness or lethargy and fatigue • Fruity odor on the breath
  7. 7. Long-Term Effects of Diabetes Type One on the Body’s OrgansType 1 diabetes can have Type 1 diabetes, or juvenile diabetes,long-term effects such as… occurs mainly in children and young1. Heart and Blood adults, but it can develop at any age. Vessel Damage According to the American Diabetes2. Neuropathy Association, only 5 percent to 103. Nephropathy percent of people with diabetes have4. Retinopathy Type 1. Type 1 diabetes develops when5. Complications the bodys immune system kills the During Pregnancy pancreatic cells that are responsible6. Peripheral Artery for producing insulin. (Nash, 2011) Disease
  8. 8. Total Prevalence of DiabetesTotal: 25.8 million children andadults in the United States—8.3% ofthe population—have diabetes.Diagnosed: 18.8 million peopleUndiagnosed: 7.0 million peoplePre diabetes: 79 million people*New Cases: 1.9 million new cases ofdiabetes are diagnosed in peopleaged 20 years and older in 2010.
  9. 9. Juvenile Diabetes Type 1Demographics and Statistics 15,600 newly diagnosed between 2002 – 2005 3,600 newly diagnosed youth Non-Hispanic white youth have the highest rates of new type 1 diabetes cases Type 2 diabetes is rare among ages 10 but greater 10–19 years U.S. minority populations have higher rates than non-Hispanic whites rates of new cases are greater for type 2 than for type 1 diabetes in Asian/Pacific Islander Americans, American Indian youths and non-Hispanic black and Hispanic/Latino youth ages 10–19 years (Center For Disease Control and Prevention, 2011) The cost of diabetes was estimated at $174 billion total costs for diagnosed diabetes in 2007 with $116 billion going towards direct medical costs. (National
  10. 10. Impact on Adult ClientMentally and emotionally depression fatigue and stress. Chemical imbalances with swinging moodsPhysically Heart Disease, Stroke, hypertension, blindness, eye problems, kidney, nerve diseases, amputations, dental diseases, spontaneous abortions and large babies for pregnant mothers and acute life threatening eventsSexually Erectile dysfunction (ADA,2012)
  11. 11. Impact on Adult ClientAccess to Health care The federal health care reform legislation has it that a diagnosis of diabetes will no longer be a lawful reason to deny health care Insurance companies will not be allowed to limit benefits or drop coverage when a person needs health care most (American Diabetes Association, 2012)Impact on Adult ClientSusceptibility to Substance abuse People who suffer from diabetes may turn to alcohol or drugs in order to ease the symptoms of depression. Diabetics may develop a higher tolerance to alcohol (eHow Health…Retrieved)
  12. 12. Impact on Adult ClientPrenatal care and childbearing. major birth defects in 5% to 10% of pregnancies spontaneous abortions in 15% to 20% of pregnanciesOccupational considerations and hazards. Evaluation for employment Evaluation for safety risks Provision of accommodation (ADA,2009)Ability to cope with stress. fight-or-flight response is affected Insulin is not always able to let the extra energy into the cells, so glucose piles up in the blood. Stress hormones that are designed to deal with short-term danger stay turned on for a long time with long-term stress causing long-term high blood glucose levels (ADA,2012)
  13. 13. Expected outcomes for adult client living withType 1 DiabetesClient will : Have a Balanced Nutrition: meeting the demands of the body and the necessary requirements. Will show signs of proper body image -client will not see self different from peers . Client will demonstrate compliance of restricted lifestyle: changes in diet, dietary management , medication, insulin administration, exercise, and self- monitoring of blood. Adult client will show signs of prosperity verbalizing hope for the future and expressing feelings. Client will demonstrate knowledge of Diabetes and the disease process.
  14. 14. Education for adults with this condition. Health Interventions Health screening & HealthDetermine the diet and eating patterns of patients and compare it with foods promotion that can be spent on patients . Client is able to identify the body for Collaborate with a dietitian. signs of hypoglycemia or The client involves his/her family with hyperglycemia. meal plans and healthy eating patterns. Client is capable in Examination of blood sugar testing and preventing/reducing the risk of (self-monitoring.) developing infection. Insulin administrations and Client complies with regular check-ups treatments. and exams to manage disease with clients endocrinologist Proper skin and foot care, checks skin daily. Yearly eye exams Client exercises on a regular basis.
  15. 15. ResourcesCommunity Yuma Regional Medical Center Diabetes Education Center~ Offers 101 classes, support services forclients and family members, Diabetes self-management skills training, administration ofinsulin, support groupsKachina Building, 2451 S. Avenue A, Suite 104.Yuma, Az 85364 - 928-336-7309National CDC DiabetesMission: To reduce the preventable burden ofdiabetes through public health leadership,partnership, research, programs, and policiesthat translate science into practice 8am-8pm ET Monday-Friday Closed 1-800-CDC-INFO / 1-888-232-6348
  16. 16. The United States of Diabetes:Cost of Diabetes Challenges and Opportunities in the Decade Ahead focuses on four categories of potential cost savings over the next 10 years:•$174 billion: Total costs of 1. Lifestyle Intervention todiagnosed diabetes in the Combat ObesityUnited States in 2007 2. Early Intervention to Prevent Pre diabetes from Becoming •$116 billion for direct medical Diabetescosts 3. Diabetes Control through •$58 billion for indirect costs Medication and Care(disability, work Compliance Programsloss, premature mortality) 4. Lifestyle Intervention Strategies for Diabetes Control
  17. 17. References American Diabetes Association 2012 - retrieved American Diabetes Association, 2012. Living with Diabetes - retrieved Diabetes and Employment, 2009 retrieved Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011. National diabetes fact Sheet retrieved - Relationship between Substance Abuse & Diabetes – retrieved retrieved amp-diabetes.html#ixzz2C223/CYO
  18. 18. References Type 1 diabetes 2010 prime group for JDRF, mar 2011 () Picture for slide 4: overview Association, A. D. (2012). Diabetes Statistics. Retrieved November 11, 2012, from Diabetes Basics: Nash, C. (2011, May 4). live strong. Retrieved November 11, 2012, from Long-Term Effects of Diabetes Type One: longterm-effects-diabetes-type-one/