THE WHY OF PREVIEW
“If you give your mind a general framework of
main ideas and structure, you will be better able
to comprehend and retain the details you will
Purpose of Preview
Why I am reading the text?
Who assigned the reading?
What will they expect me to know from the reading?
How interested am I in the subject? (this will give you a clue
as to how long you will need for reading)
THE HOW’s of PREVIEW
Look quickly(10 minutes) over the following key parts of your textbook
to see what it’s all about and how it’s organized- remember visual clues!:
Front & back cover info.
Author’s biographical data Publication date
Table of Contents
Introduction or Preface
Before you read each chapter, look over:
First sentences of each Paragraph (should give main idea).
Any diagrams,charts,conclusions or summaries
Answer the following questions:
What is this mainly about? How is it organized?
How difficult is it?
How long will it take to read?
The Why of Read Actively
Being an active reader will involve you
in under-standing the material, combat
boredom, and will increase retention.
The HOW’s of Reading Actively!
Remember Chunking fromTenTraps of Studying
Set realistic time goals and number of pages to be read.
Divide your chapter into small sections, rather than to try to
read the whole chapter non-stop.
It helps you to understand challenging texts. Chunking is an
example of a plan that helps you breakdown difficult text into more
Dividing subjects into smaller parts helps you identify key words,
ideas, develops your ability to put the text in your own words, and
makes it easier for you to organize and synthesize information.
Chunking can be used for any assignment or project- the main idea is
split assignments into more manageable pieces.
Step One: Preparation (time
Chunking can be used with challenging texts of any length.A
paragraph can be chunked into phrases and sentences.
A reading of several pages, like a short story or science
article can be chunked into paragraphs or sections.
You can write down your chunk on a graphic organizer or
just in the margin of your paper.
Step two: Review reading strategies
As you read, remember to…
Circle words that are unfamiliar.
Use context clues to help define.
Look up the meaning of unknown words.
Write synonyms for these new words in the text.
Underline important places and people and identify.
Read multiple times.
Step Three: Chunk the Text
Step Four: Paraphrase Meaning
Step 3:“Chunking the text” simply means breaking the text
down into smaller parts. Sometimes teachers chunk the text
in advance for you. Other times, teachers ask students to
chunk the text.
Step 4:You should rewrite “chunks” in your own words. By
the end of this activity, you should have a paraphrased version
of the original text.
Step Five: Assessment and Sharing
The paraphrased text can be used to evaluate your
understanding and reading ability. You can compare your
chunks of the text with other students to see what they got
out of it. If they have something different, ask them to talk
more about it so you can learn more.This step often leads to
interesting discussion about interpretation – how people can
often find different meaning in the same words?
This strategy will help you determine importance of what
you read and be a great tool to study with!
How’s of Reading Actively Continued
Ask yourself a question before each paragraph or section, then
seek its answer. This will give you a definite purpose for your
Take the sub-headings or first sentence and create a question
using “who,”“what,”“when,”“why”, and/or “how.”
Take breaks when you feel unable to stay with the material due to
day-dreaming, drowsiness, boredom, hunger, etc. After a short
break, you can return to your reading with more energy and
The Why of Recall!
Research shows that 40-50% of the material we read is
forgotten very shortly after we read it. Immediate recall is
an essential first step toward continued retention.
The How’s of Recall
After reading each small section of material, choose one (or
more) of the following methods:
Recall mentally or recite orally the highlights of what you
Ask yourself questions (maybe the same ones you used before
you read the section) and answer them in your own words.
Underline and make marginal notes of the key words and phrases
in the section. Underlining after you read is the best way to
decide what’s the most important information to remember.
Make separate notes or outlines of what you have read. This
technique often works for more technical material which you need
to put into your own words.
Recall with a friend. (Remember the study group!)What you
don’t recall, he/she might.
Preview, Read Actively, and Recall
Preview your chapter-look for visual clues!
Paint a picture in your mind!
Break it into manageable chunks!
Take breaks –VERY IMPORTANT!
Recall with a friend or study group!