Russian Revolution Part 2


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Part 2 of 3 on the Russian Revolution

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Russian Revolution Part 2

  1. 1. Quick Write 2-5-10 <ul><li>What were the four classes of Russian Society? </li></ul><ul><li>Which one had the biggest population? </li></ul><ul><li>Which one had the smallest population? </li></ul><ul><li>What language did Russian nobles speak? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Revolutions in Russia Chapter 5 Lenin & Civil War
  3. 3. CIVIL WAR: V S <ul><li>Red army was associated with Bolshevik, communism and pro-Lenin </li></ul><ul><li>White army was associated with Anti-communism, loyal Czarists, and anti-Lenin form of Socialism </li></ul>1918 to 1921 White Red
  4. 4. <ul><li>The fighting and famine that followed killed 15 million Russians </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin’s Red Army won </li></ul><ul><li>1921 Lenin launched a new plan to rebuild the Russian economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed some private ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changed the government to the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>By late1920s economy was back up </li></ul>Civil War Ends
  5. 6. <ul><li>War and Revolution destroyed Russian economy </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial production stopped </li></ul><ul><li>Trade was at a standstill </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled workers fled to other countries </li></ul><ul><li>New Economic Policy-peasants could sell surplus crop instead of giving it to the government </li></ul><ul><li>Country slowly recovered after some small businesses and factories operated privately </li></ul>
  6. 7. Revolutions in Russia Chapter 6 Political Reforms
  7. 8. Political Reforms <ul><li>Bolshevik leaders saw nationalism as a threat to unity and party loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin organizes Russia into several self-governing republics under central government </li></ul><ul><li>In 1922 Lenin names Russia the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) </li></ul>
  8. 9. Communism Vs. Capitalism
  9. 10. <ul><li>The Bolsheviks renamed themselves the Communist Party after writing of Karl Marx </li></ul><ul><li>In 1924 the Communist created a constitution based on socialist and democratic principles </li></ul><ul><li>In reality Communist held all power </li></ul>
  10. 12. Old Flag of Russia Romanov's
  11. 13. New Soviet Flag Hammer: Workers Sickle: Peasants Star: Communist Party
  12. 14. Current flag of Russia
  13. 15. Revolutions in Russia Chapter 7 Stalin Steelin’ & Shootin’
  14. 16. Death of a Legend 1870-1924
  15. 17. <ul><li>“ More people have seen Lenin’s mummy than any other mummy in history. The man shuffled off this mortal coil in 1924, but to look at him today, hyber-embalmed and lying in an airtight glass coffin in his humidity- and temperature-controlled mausoleum in Red Square, you’d think he kicked it last week. Despite his requests for a modest burial, a few days after his death, a team of Soviet scientists began working to preserve him forever. This “body brigade” has been on the job for 85 years now, giving Lenin a thorough dusting and embalming touch-up twice a week, not to mention a new hand-tailored suit every eighteen months. Lucky stiff.” </li></ul>Mental Floss Magazine
  16. 18. <ul><li>Lenin died in 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 million visited his body </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin’s body was embalmed and tomb became a shrine. </li></ul>Cult of Leninism
  17. 19. <ul><li>His brain was sliced into 30,000 segments and stored for future study! </li></ul><ul><li>Statues erected everywhere, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad, streets and institutions named after him. </li></ul>Cult of Leninism
  18. 20. Who will be the next Communist leader ? <ul><li>After Lenin, there was intense competition for who would rule the Communist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Leon Trotsky Joseph Stalin </li></ul>
  19. 21. Stalin wins! <ul><li>Stalin takes over and exiles Trotsky to make sure he doesn’t pose a threat to his power </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>Changed his name to Stalin, meaning the “man of steel” in Russian </li></ul><ul><li>Came from a poor working-class background. </li></ul><ul><li>Initially trained to be a priest but was drawn into the world of revolutionaries. Read Lenin’s works. </li></ul><ul><li>Joined the Bolshevik Party around 1902, raiding banks to raise money. </li></ul><ul><li>Arrested and exiled to Siberia several times between 1902 and 1913, escaping 5 times. </li></ul>&quot;Man of Steel” Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili
  21. 24. Stalin takes complete control <ul><li>By 1928, Stalin was in total command of the Communist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Forced Leon Trotsky into exile so he faced no threats </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin begins using absolute power as a dictator </li></ul>
  22. 27. <ul><li>Unites people </li></ul><ul><li>Forces popular support </li></ul><ul><li>Exercises absolute authority </li></ul><ul><li>Dominates government </li></ul><ul><li>Invokes fear to keep control </li></ul>Dictatorship
  23. 28. <ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>The arts </li></ul><ul><li>Person life </li></ul><ul><li>Youth groups </li></ul>Control over Society
  24. 29. <ul><li>Use of intimidation </li></ul><ul><li>Censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Police </li></ul><ul><li>Brain wash </li></ul>Enforcement
  25. 30. <ul><li>Demand loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Denies basic liberties </li></ul><ul><li>Expects personal sacrifice for the good of the state </li></ul>Control Over the Individual
  26. 31. <ul><li>Forced into a specific job and expected to meet quotas </li></ul><ul><li>Food for the state before food for an individual and their family </li></ul><ul><li>Religion is not allowed, Communism is your religion </li></ul><ul><li>Personal messages are not private </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin should be praised </li></ul><ul><li>Strict censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged to expose those who do not follow the rules </li></ul><ul><li>Government controlled all newspapers, radio broadcasts, cinema, literature and art </li></ul><ul><li>Government controlled all education from nursery schools through universities </li></ul><ul><li>Trained youths to be future party members </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic and religious persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Could be sent to labor camps at any moment even if no crime was committed </li></ul>How Communism effected the individual
  27. 32. Stalin
  28. 33. The Soviet Union Under Stalin
  29. 34. <ul><li>Stalin imposed control over the economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of five-year plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build heavy industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase farm output </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Command economy : government officials make all basic economic decisions </li></ul>Joseph Stalin Five-Year Plans
  30. 35. <ul><li>Oil, coal, and steel production grew. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard of living remained low as did wages. Workers not allowed to strike </li></ul><ul><li>Central planning often inefficient – consumer products scarce (clothing, cars, etc.) </li></ul>Effect of Command Economy