Middle east intro


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Middle east intro

  1. 1. Quick Write 3-24-11 <ul><li>Who has more claim to land? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. The people who lived there first. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. The people who live there now. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Originally, the Middle East was covered with dense tropical forests and swamps. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This vegetation rotted, which resulted in rich oil fields. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The river valleys formed the “cradles of civilizations” due to their fertile land. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Fertile Crescent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The shifting winds in the M.E. create large deserts. </li></ul>
  3. 6. <ul><li>Where water was available, cities grew. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baghdad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cairo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Istanbul </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many of the cities have been centers of trade for thousands of years. </li></ul><ul><li>Where freshwater is not available, some countries have created it through the process of desalination (creating fresh water out of sea water) or building dams. </li></ul>
  4. 8. <ul><li>The Bedouins, a nomadic people, move to where water is available (not aimlessly). </li></ul><ul><li>More than half the people of the M.E. are Arabs. </li></ul><ul><li>Several countries comprise of many peoples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq: Arabs, Kurds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkey: Turks, Armenian, Arabs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Israel: Israeli (Jewish), Palestinian (Arab Muslims) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 9. Religion People Holy Book Important Person Theism Building Judaism Jews Torah (1 st five books of the Bible) Abraham (prophet) Mono Synagogue Christianity Christians Bible Jesus (Son of God) Mono Church Islam Muslims Qur’an Muhammad (later prophet) Mono Mosque
  6. 10. Religion Beliefs Abraham made a covenant with God that called for the Jews to worship and obey God for “a land flowing with milk and honey” (Israel). Waiting for a messiah to save them. Jesus was the Son of God ( messiah ). Anyone who believes and follows Jesus can be forgiven, saved from hell, and rewarded with everlasting life and happiness after death in heaven. An angel spoke to Muhammad and told him to write the Qur’an. Believe in Allah (God) and practice the Five Pillars of Faith. Follow and protect the Islamic faith by military exertion against non-Muslim combatants ( jihad ).
  7. 11. The pillars of Islam are basic rules that every Muslim must follow. The pillars of Islam support or hold up the religion, Islam.
  8. 12. Shahadah Salaat Zakaah Sawmu Ramadan Hajj
  9. 13. Five Pillars of Faith <ul><li>Confession that there is not other god but God and that Muhammad is the messenger of God </li></ul><ul><li>Pray five times a day facing Mecca. </li></ul><ul><li>Give money to charity each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Once a year, during Ramadān, Muslims must fast every day from dawn to dusk. </li></ul><ul><li>Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. Pilgrims pray towards the Kaaba (Kabah), a large cubicle in the center of the Sacred Mosque. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Pilgrimmage to Mecca
  11. 15. MAP
  12. 17. Inside the Religion of Islam