Cultural achievements of the 1920's 2010


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Cultural achievements of the 1920's 2010

  1. 1. Cultural Achievements and African American Achievements in the 1920’s
  2. 2. Art and Literature Charles Lindberg flew from NY to Paris, France. Became national hero; first transatlantic flight.
  3. 3. Greenwich Village (New York) and the South Side (Chicago)  Many artists, writers, and intellectuals flocked to these areas to share ideas  People lead bohemian, or artistic and unconventional, lifestyles
  4. 4. Modern American Art European art began to influence American art. Cubism and realism were new forms of art
  5. 5. Poets and Writers  Poets and writers of the 20’s were very different than previous times  Carl Sandberg used common speech to glorify the Midwest  T.S. Eliot described a world of ”empty men and hollow dreams," showing the 20s weren't perfect
  6. 6. Poets and Writers  Eugene O'neill was a playwright; wrote realistic, tragic plays  Ernest Hemingway - one of the most famous American writers of all time; wrote about anti-heroes (or flawed main characters); wrote in a direct or simple way  F. Scott Fitzgerald - wrote The Great Gatsby, a book that exposed the superficiality of the 1920s lifestyle.  Question: What seems different about these writers from the writers who came before them?
  7. 7. II. Popular Culture Sports  Thanks to radio and movies, baseball and boxing became incredibly popular.  Babe Ruth, baseball's homerun king (at the time), became a national hero  Jack Dempsey was boxing's heavyweight champ from 1919 to 1926.  Football, tennis, and golf all also gained in popularity.
  8. 8. Hollywood  Movies still had no sound yet. Someone in the theater played piano; movie had subtitles.  Charlie Chaplin was a famous silent movie star.  1927 - The Jazz Singer - the first "talkie" or movie with sound
  9. 9. Popular Radio Shows and Music  In 1920 there was one radio station. In 1922 there were 400.  One popular radio show was Amos 'n' Andy. It was about two African Americans and the trouble they got into, yet it was acted out by two white actors; reinforced negative stereotypes.
  10. 10. What’s wrong with this picture?
  11. 11.  Mass Media: radio, movies, newspapers, magazines. (Not TV yet). These things did more than entertain. They unified the United States. They spread new ideas and attitudes.  Question: Why was mass advertising, the radio, and movies important in the 1920s?
  12. 12. 7.3 African American Culture
  13. 13. I. The Harlem Renaissance  Thousands of blacks had moved northing during the Great Migration to escape segregation, find better jobs, and build better lives  New York City was one such place; In Harlem, they created an environment of art, racial pride, sense of community, and political organization: this is known as the Harlem Renaissance.
  14. 14. The Writers  Claude McKay - from Jamaica; shocked by racism in America; wrote boldly, defiantly about racism in two books of poetry  Langston Hughes - born in Missouri; leading writer of African American experience in America. Wrote about African American achievements.
  15. 15. I, Too by Langston Hughes I, too, sing America I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong.
  16. 16. Question: Artists during the Harlem Renaissance such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay shared what common theme in their art?
  17. 17. Jazz, Blues, and the Theater  Jazz - improvisational music introduced by Louis Armstrong  Duke Ellington had a ragtime sound  Many black musicians got their start at the Cotton Club, a famous Harlem nightclub.
  18. 18.  Bessie Smith – famous blues singer; at one time the highest paid singer in U.S.  Blues – soulful style of music that involved themes of love, poverty, oppression
  19. 19. II. African American Politics The NAACP Battle Lynching  NAACP = National Association for the Advancement of Colored People  Fought, often unsuccessfully, against discrimination  The main issue they fought for was anti-lynching laws (failed during 1920s and 30s)  One success: they were able to help block the nomination of a racist Supreme Court Justice, John Parker.
  20. 20. Black Nationalism and Marcus Garvey  Marcus Garvey – a dynamic black leader from Jamaica  became very popular; argued for African American self-reliance.  Proposed a plan for black Americans to return to start a new country in Africa; became a “fringe movement” and failed.  He was eventually arrested and deported.
  21. 21. Question: Why did the NAACP and Marcus Garvey’s “Back to Africa” movement exist?