Cultural Achievements and
African American Achievements
in the 1920’s
Many artists,
writers, and
intellectuals
flocked to these
areas to share
ideas
People lead
bohemian, or
artistic and
unc...
European art began to influenceEuropean art began to influence
American art.American art.
CubismCubism andand realismrea...
 Poets and writers of the 20’s were very
different than previous times
 Carl Sandberg used common speech to
glorify the ...
 Eugene O'neill was a playwright;
wrote realistic, tragic plays
 Ernest Hemingway - one of the most
famous American writ...
Sports
 Thanks to radio and movies,
baseball and boxing became
incredibly popular.
 Babe Ruth, baseball's
homerun king (...
 The 1920s represent an important phase, in
terms of innovations and inventions.
 Lots of improvements were being made i...
 Movies still had no
sound yet. Someone
in the theater played
piano; movie had
subtitles.
 Charlie Chaplin
was a famous ...
 In 1920 there was one
radio station. In 1922
there were 400.
 One popular radio show
was Amos 'n' Andy. It
was about tw...
Mass Media: radio, movies,
newspapers, magazines.
(Not TV yet).
These things did more than
entertain. They unified the
U...
An event is something that is
heard about on the streets and
read about in the papers for a
week or two. However, if a ser...
THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE
 Thousands of blacks had moved
northing during the Great
Migration to escape segregation,
find bet...
 Claude McKay - from
Jamaica; shocked by racism
in America; wrote boldly,
defiantly about racism in
two books of poetry
...
LANGSTON
HUGHES
I, too, sing America
I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the
kitchen
When company comes,
But I...
Question: Artists
during the Harlem
Renaissance such as
Langston Hughes and
Claude McKay shared
what common theme in
thei...
Jazz - improvisational
music introduced by
Louis Armstrong
Duke Ellington had
a ragtime sound
Many black musicians
got ...
Bessie Smith –Bessie Smith –
famous bluesfamous blues
singer; at one timesinger; at one time
the highest paidthe highest ...
 The postwar years saw the
development of new attitudes
among African Americans
 Began to forge new roles in
life and po...
The NAACP Battle Lynching
NAACP = National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People
Fought, often unsuccessfull...
Marcus Garvey – a
dynamic black leader from
Jamaica
became very popular; argued
for African American self-
reliance.
Pr...
Question: Why did the
NAACP and Marcus
Garvey’s “Back to Africa”
movement exist?
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010
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Cultural achievements and african american achievements in the 1920’s 2010

  1. 1. Cultural Achievements and African American Achievements in the 1920’s
  2. 2. Many artists, writers, and intellectuals flocked to these areas to share ideas People lead bohemian, or artistic and unconventional, lifestyles
  3. 3. European art began to influenceEuropean art began to influence American art.American art. CubismCubism andand realismrealism were newwere new forms of artforms of art
  4. 4.  Poets and writers of the 20’s were very different than previous times  Carl Sandberg used common speech to glorify the Midwest  T.S. Eliot described a world of ”empty men and hollow dreams," showing the 20s weren't perfect
  5. 5.  Eugene O'neill was a playwright; wrote realistic, tragic plays  Ernest Hemingway - one of the most famous American writers of all time; wrote about anti-heroes (or flawed main characters); wrote in a direct or simple way  F. Scott Fitzgerald - wrote The Great Gatsby, a book that exposed the superficiality of the 1920s lifestyle.  Question: What seems different about these writers from the writers who came before them?
  6. 6. Sports  Thanks to radio and movies, baseball and boxing became incredibly popular.  Babe Ruth, baseball's homerun king (at the time), became a national hero  Jack Dempsey was boxing's heavyweight champ from 1919 to 1926.  Football, tennis, and golf all also gained in popularity.
  7. 7.  The 1920s represent an important phase, in terms of innovations and inventions.  Lots of improvements were being made in technology, manufacturing, medical science, fashion and transportation.  Created a number of everyday inventions we now take for granted
  8. 8.  Movies still had no sound yet. Someone in the theater played piano; movie had subtitles.  Charlie Chaplin was a famous silent movie star.  1927 - The Jazz Singer - the first "talkie" or movie with sound
  9. 9.  In 1920 there was one radio station. In 1922 there were 400.  One popular radio show was Amos 'n' Andy. It was about two African Americans and the trouble they got into, yet it was acted out by two white actors; reinforced negative stereotypes.
  10. 10. Mass Media: radio, movies, newspapers, magazines. (Not TV yet). These things did more than entertain. They unified the United States. They spread new ideas and attitudes. Question: Why was mass advertising, the radio, and movies important in the 1920s?
  11. 11. An event is something that is heard about on the streets and read about in the papers for a week or two. However, if a series of related events should be strung together, one can be left with something monumental. What we bring to you is not a mere event that happened in Harlem in the 1920’s and 30’s, but a renaissance...
  12. 12. THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE  Thousands of blacks had moved northing during the Great Migration to escape segregation, find better jobs, and build better lives  New York City was one such place  In Harlem, a middle class grew quickly because real estate became available to African Americans,  They created an environment of art, racial pride, sense of community, and political organization  Which would become known as the Harlem Renaissance.
  13. 13.  Claude McKay - from Jamaica; shocked by racism in America; wrote boldly, defiantly about racism in two books of poetry  Langston Hughes - born in Missouri; leading writer of African American experience in America. Wrote about African American achievements.
  14. 14. LANGSTON HUGHES I, too, sing America I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong.
  15. 15. Question: Artists during the Harlem Renaissance such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay shared what common theme in their art?
  16. 16. Jazz - improvisational music introduced by Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington had a ragtime sound Many black musicians got their start at the Cotton Club, a famous Harlem nightclub. Blues- soulful style of music that evolved from African American spirituals
  17. 17. Bessie Smith –Bessie Smith – famous bluesfamous blues singer; at one timesinger; at one time the highest paidthe highest paid singer in U.S.singer in U.S. Blues – soulful styleBlues – soulful style of music thatof music that involved themes ofinvolved themes of love, poverty,love, poverty, oppressionoppression
  18. 18.  The postwar years saw the development of new attitudes among African Americans  Began to forge new roles in life and politics  The Great Migration has a significant impact on the political power of African Americans  As their numbers grew in certain neighborhoods, they became a power voting bloc that could now influence elections
  19. 19. The NAACP Battle Lynching NAACP = National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Fought, often unsuccessfully, against discrimination The main issue they fought for was anti-lynching laws (failed during 1920s and 30s) One success: they were able to help block the nomination of a racist Supreme Court Justice, John Parker.
  20. 20. Marcus Garvey – a dynamic black leader from Jamaica became very popular; argued for African American self- reliance. Proposed a plan for black Americans to return to start a new country in Africa; became a “fringe movement” and failed. He was eventually arrested and deported.
  21. 21. Question: Why did the NAACP and Marcus Garvey’s “Back to Africa” movement exist?

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