Colonial economy


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13 Colonies Economy

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Colonial economy

  1. 1. Introduction to notes <ul><li>You do not need to copy pictures </li></ul><ul><li>You need to add questions and complete the summary for your notes for full credit </li></ul><ul><li>BOLD words are usually vocabulary words to pay attention to. </li></ul>Your notes are set up as fill-in the blank notes. This gives you more time listen and less writing. So to complete the notes you need to write down the underlined words. ? ? ?
  2. 2. Quick Write 8-16-10 <ul><li>When starting a new colony, lets say oh the United States , what do you think as a group should be your first priority once your group arrives? Why? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Colonial America A look at the Thirteen Colonies
  4. 4. So what is a Colony? <ul><li>A colony is a piece of land which is ruled by another country .  </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the time colonies are a long way away from the country that rules them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. So how do we get a Colony? England 13 Colonies
  6. 6. The 13 Colonies in 1750
  7. 7. England’s American Colonies <ul><li>There were 3 types of Colonies! </li></ul><ul><li>Corporate Colonies- Colonies run by joint-stock companies. </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Colonies- Colonies under the direct authority of the king </li></ul><ul><li>Proprietary Colonies- Colonies run by individuals with authority from the king. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reasons for Leaving England <ul><li>Population increase and depressed economy left many citizens unemployed and without property. </li></ul><ul><li>Many English citizens were seeking religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>The New World was believed to be a place where one could practice their faith and achieve economic success. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Jamestown 1607 “The First Colony” <ul><li>The Virginia Company was granted a charter by King James I </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Objective- Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Problems- poor leadership , too many colonists were following their own agendas, The Jamestown settlement was located in a swampy area </li></ul><ul><li>Cash Crop- Tobacco, labor intensive. Many laborers were needed. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plymouth 1620 <ul><li>Founded by the Separatists, Puritans </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking Religious freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Strong leadership- Miles Standish and William Bradford </li></ul><ul><li>Mayflower Compact </li></ul><ul><li>Fish, Timber and furs drove the economy, early on they stressed living in community </li></ul>
  11. 11. England’s American Colonies <ul><li>There were 3 groups of Colonies too! </li></ul><ul><li>New England </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Colonies </li></ul>
  12. 12. New England Colonies <ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island </li></ul>
  13. 13. Middle Colonies <ul><li>Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul>
  14. 14. Southern Colonies <ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul>
  15. 15. Atlantic Slave Trade
  16. 16. Capture <ul><li>The original capture of slaves was almost always violent </li></ul><ul><li>As European demand grew, African chieftains organized raiding parties to seize individuals from neighboring societies </li></ul><ul><li>Others launched wars specifically for the purpose of capturing slaves </li></ul>
  17. 17. Iron, Metal goods Slaves and Gold Sugar and Molasses
  18. 18. Middle Passage <ul><li>Following capture , slaves were force- marched to holding pens before being loaded on ships </li></ul><ul><li>The trans- Atlantic journey was called the “ Middle Passage ” </li></ul><ul><li>The ships were filthy, hot, and crowded </li></ul>
  19. 19. Middle Passage <ul><li>Crews attempted to keep as many slaves alive as possible to maximize profits , but treatment was extremely cruel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some slaves refused to eat and crew members used tools to pry open their mouths and force-feed them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sick slaves were cast overboard to prevent infection from spreading </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Middle Passage <ul><li>During the early days of the slave trade, mortality rates were as high as 50% </li></ul><ul><li>As the volume of trade increased and conditions improved ( bigger ships, more water , better nourishment and facilities), mortality eventually declined to about 5% </li></ul>
  21. 21. Middle Passage <ul><li>Most ships provided slaves with enough room to sit upright, but not enough to stand </li></ul><ul><li>Others forced slaves to lie in chains with barely 20 inches space between them </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Southern Economy <ul><li>Large Plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Cash Crops- crops grown mainly to be sold for a profit </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco , rice , and indigo </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Southern Economy <ul><li>Plantations required a good amount of work </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1700’s enslaved Africans were the main work force </li></ul><ul><li>Slave Codes- laws to control the slaves </li></ul>
  24. 24. The New England Colonies <ul><li>Had harsh environment , rocky soil </li></ul><ul><li>Crops were hard to grow </li></ul><ul><li>No big plantations , no need for many slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Used own labor </li></ul>
  25. 25. The New England Colonies <ul><li>Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Timber </li></ul><ul><li>Shipbuilding </li></ul><ul><li>Ship ports became the center of the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Trade of goods </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Middle Colonies <ul><li>Is a mix of commerce and agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Good land for farming </li></ul><ul><li>Long growing season </li></ul><ul><li>Grew staple crops- crops that are always in demand </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat, barley, and oats </li></ul><ul><li>Also raise live stock </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Middles Colonies <ul><li>Made use of Slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Indentured Servants- people contracted to work for set amount of time, then free </li></ul><ul><li>Good shipping ports </li></ul><ul><li>New York and Boston </li></ul>